Endemic Animals of Northern Mariana Islands








Mariana crow
Mariana crow
The Mariana crow is a species of the crow family from the South Pacific. It is a glossy black bird about 15 inches long and known only from the islands of Guam and Rota. It is a rare bird which has steadily declined in numbers since the 1960s. On Guam there are believed to be very few remaining birds, the population having been much reduced since the introduction of the brown tree snake. On Rota the population has also been dwindling, the main ...
threats here being the reduction of suitable habitat because of development and predation. Some conservation efforts have been undertaken, and some birds have been relocated from Rota to the new Guam National Wildlife Refuge. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated the bird as being "critically endangered".
Discover more
Mariana crow
Tinian monarch
Tinian monarch
The Tinian monarch is a species of bird in the family Monarchidae. It is endemic to the Northern Mariana Islands.
Discover more
Tinian monarch
Mariana fruit dove
Mariana fruit dove
The Mariana fruit dove, also known as mwee’mwe in the Carolinian language, totot on Guam or Paluman totut in Northern Marianas Islands, is a small, up to 24 cm long, green fruit dove native and endemic to Guam and the Northern Marianas Islands in the Pacific. It has a red forehead; greyish head, back and breast; and yellow belly patch and undertail coverts.
Discover more
Mariana fruit dove
Golden white-eye
Golden white-eye
The golden white-eye is a species of bird in the white-eye family, Zosteropidae. It is the only species within the genus Cleptornis. The golden white-eye was once considered to be a honeyeater in the family Meliphagidae and although it is now known to be a white-eye, its position within that family is still uncertain. The species is restricted to the islands of Saipan and Aguijan in the Northern Mariana Islands, where it is sympatric and ...
competes with the related bridled white-eye. The golden white-eye has golden plumage and a pale eye-ring. It feeds on insects, fruit, and nectar and forages in pairs or small family groups. The bird is monogamous and lays two eggs in a small cup nest. Fossil evidence shows the golden white-eye once also occurred on Tinian and Rota but was extirpated in those locations through the impact of human activities. Despite its current abundance on Saipan and Aguijan, and the fact that it has among the highest recorded densities for any bird, it is nevertheless considered to be Endangered. It is threatened by the invasive brown tree snake, which has become established on nearby Guam, and this predator is expected to cause a rapid decline in the population if it reaches Saipan. Efforts are under way to control the snakes and breed the white-eye in zoos.
Discover more
Golden white-eye
Micronesian megapode
Micronesian megapode
The Micronesian megapode or Micronesian scrubfowl is an endangered megapode which inhabits islands of the Western Pacific Ocean.
Discover more
Micronesian megapode
Saipan reed warbler
Saipan reed warbler
The Saipan reed warbler is a critically endangered songbird of the Northern Mariana Islands. It is considered a subspecies of the nightingale reed warbler by some taxonomists. It occurs on two islands : Saipan and Alamagan. An estimated population of 2700 specimen was reported in 2009 on Saipan, and on Alamagan 950 specimen were reported in 2010.
Discover more
Saipan reed warbler