Endemic Animals of Sulawesi








Pygmy Tarsier
Pygmy Tarsier
The Pygmy tarsier is Indonesia’s smallest primate species. It was though to have become extinct during the early 20th century. However, in 2000, one was accidentally killed by Indonesian scientists while trapping rats. The first of this species seen at large since the 1920s were discovered by researchers from Texas A&M University in Lore Lindu National Park on Mount Rore Katimbo in August 2008. This animal’s coat is longer and more curly than tha ...
t of other tarsiers, perhaps as an adaptation to its cold damp environment. Its coat is very soft, ranging in color from buff to grayish brown or dark brown.
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Pygmy Tarsier
Celebes Crested Macaque
Celebes Crested Macaque
The Celebes crested macaque is a large primate with distinctive kidney-shaped, bright pink ischial callosities. The tail is short, having form of a nubbin. The body is black, covered with rough, thick and wooly fur. The black face of the primate is coated with dense layer of hair. Compared to other macaques, their skull is more projecting and baboon-like. Hairs on the top of their head compose a crest, facing up and backward. The coloration of ...
young macaques is noticeably paler, closer to brown than black. They have black hairs on their crown, where further the crest appears. Older males can be identified by grizzled coat, especially in their upper body. Meanwhile, the same color can sometimes be found on the arms of younger males.
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Celebes Crested Macaque
Spectral Tarsier
Spectral Tarsier
Spectral tarsiers are small primates. Their fur is soft and ranges from gray to buff-gray in color. These animals have long tails with tufts closer to the end of the tail. They have long, slender hands, feet, and digits. Their hands are adapted for clinging and gripping. Spectral tarsiers have very big eyes and in fact, their eyes are larger than their brain. The ears of these small animals are thin and membranous and can move independently.
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Spectral Tarsier
Tonkean Macaque
Tonkean Macaque
Tonkean macaques are strong, heavily-built primates that belong to the Old World monkeys family. They are the biggest among all the macaque species. The color of their coat is dark brown to black and they have gray areas on their cheeks and rump. These macaques have long snouts, short tails, and very strong limbs.
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Tonkean Macaque
Celebes warty pig
Celebes warty pig
The Celebes warty pig, also called Sulawesi warty pig or Sulawesi pig, is a species in the pig genus that lives on Sulawesi in Indonesia. It survives in most habitats and can live in altitudes of up to 2,500 m . It has been domesticated and introduced to a number of other islands in Indonesia.
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Celebes warty pig
Sulawesi bear cuscus
Sulawesi bear cuscus
The Sulawesi bear cuscus a.k.a Sulawesi bear phalanger is a species of arboreal marsupial in the family Phalangeridae endemic to Sulawesi and nearby islands in Indonesia. It lives in tropical moist lowland forest at elevations up to 600 m and is diurnal, folivorous and often found in pairs. A. ursinus is threatened by hunting, collection for the pet trade and deforestation.
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Sulawesi bear cuscus
Sangihe white-eye
Sangihe white-eye
The Sangihe white-eye is a species of bird in the white-eye family. It is endemic to Sangihe, Indonesia.
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Sangihe white-eye
Cerulean paradise flycatcher
Cerulean paradise flycatcher
The cerulean flycatcher is a medium-sized, blue passerine with bright cerulean blue plumage, a bare white orbital ring, dark brown iris, bluish black bill and pale blue-grey below. The young has a shorter tail and grey underparts. It is the only member of the monotypic genus Eutrichomyias. Although it resembles a monarch flycatcher, it is actually related to the fantails.
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Cerulean paradise flycatcher
Sangihe shrikethrush
Sangihe shrikethrush
The Sangihe shrikethrush or Sangihe whistler is a species of bird in the family Pachycephalidae. It is endemic to Sangihe Island in Indonesia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss. Originally, the Sangihe shrikethrush was described in the genus Pinarolestes, and has been classified by some authorities as belonging to the genera Dendrocincla. It was re-classified from the genus ...
Colluricincla to Coracornis in 2013. Alternate names include the large Tyrannine woodcreeper, Sahengbalira shrike-thrush and Sangir whistler.
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Sangihe shrikethrush
Black-crowned white-eye
Black-crowned white-eye
The black-crowned white-eye is a songbird species. It is closely related to the Old World babblers, and its family Zosteropidae might better be included in the Tiimalidae. Its subspecies from the Sulawesi region might warrant recognition as distinct species Z. subatrifrons. The Sangihe white-eye and the Seram white-eye were formerly included in Z. atrifrons, as is still, on occasion, the black-fronted white-eye .
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Black-crowned white-eye
Limnonectes arathooni
Limnonectes arathooni
Limnonectes arathooni is a species of frog in the family Dicroglossidae. It is endemic to southwestern Sulawesi, Indonesia.
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Limnonectes arathooni
Sulawesian toad
Sulawesian toad
The Sulawesian toad or Celebes toad is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Sulawesi, Indonesia. It is a common and abundant species found in a wide range of habitats, including primary rainforest, secondary forest, plantations, cultivated land and towns. Breeding takes place in ponds, paddy fields, and pools within slow-moving streams.
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Sulawesian toad
Sulawesi palm civet
Sulawesi palm civet
The Sulawesi palm civet, also known as Sulawesi civet, musang and brown palm civet is a little-known palm civet endemic to Sulawesi. It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List due to population decline estimated to have been more than 30% over the last three generations inferred from habitat destruction and degradation. Macrogalidia is a monospecific genus. It is the only carnivoran native to Sulawesi.
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Sulawesi palm civet
Moor macaque
Moor macaque
The moor macaque is a macaque with brown/black body fur with a pale rump patch and pink bare skin on the rump. It is about 50
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Moor macaque
Heck's macaque
Heck's macaque
The Heck's macaque is a macaque of Sulawesi, Indonesia. This Old World monkey is diurnal.
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Heck's macaque
Booted macaque
Booted macaque
The booted macaque is a macaque of the Sulawesi Island, Indonesia. This Old World monkey is diurnal and spends most of the day in the trees. It is 50
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Booted macaque
Dian's tarsier
Dian's tarsier
Dian's tarsier, also known as the Diana tarsier, is a nocturnal primate endemic to central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Its head-body length is 11.5
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Dian's tarsier
Hyorhinomys stuempkei
Hyorhinomys stuempkei
Hyorhinomys stuempkei is a recently discovered species of rodent in the family Muridae, more specifically in the subfamily Murinae, endemic to Sulawesi, Indonesia. This species was discovered in 2015 by Jacob A. Esselstyn and his team, Anang S. Achmadi, Heru Handika, and Kevin C. Rowe", Esselstyn proposed "Sulawesi snouter" as a common name for it. The word "snouter" references the fictional text, The Snouters: Form and Life of the Rhinogrades ...
by the German zoologist Gerolf Steiner. Steiner wrote this text as a fictional naturalist, Harald Stümpke, and the specific epithet of H. stuempkei pays homage to this fictional individual.
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Hyorhinomys stuempkei
Gorontalo macaque
Gorontalo macaque
The Gorontalo macaque or Dumoga-bone macaque is a species of primate in the family Cercopithecidae. It is endemic to the island of Sulawesi in Indonesia.
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Gorontalo macaque
Gursky's spectral tarsier
Gursky's spectral tarsier
Gursky's spectral tarsier is a species of tarsier found in the island of Sulawesi in Indonesia. A recent taxonomic revision, split this species off from the spectral tarsier and other tarsier species based on difference in vocalisations and pelage.
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Gursky's spectral tarsier
Lariang tarsier
Lariang tarsier
The Lariang tarsier is a recently described tarsier occurring in the western part of the central core of Sulawesi. Six museum specimens of this species are known, two of which have been misidentified as the pygmy tarsier before their correct identity came out. This species has been named after the Lariang River, an important river in the part of Sulawesi where this species occurs. This species has darker fur than the other Sulawesi tarsiers. The ...
dorsal fur is greyish brown. The blackish tail ends in a dark pencil-like point. There is a clearly discernible dark ring around the eyes. The third digit on the hands is very long. It is the second-largest tarsier; only the Sangihe tarsier is larger; published body weights are 67 to 117 g.
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Lariang tarsier
Tarsius fuscus
Tarsius fuscus
The Makassar tarsier is a species of tarsier. Its range is in Indonesia in the southwestern peninsula of the island of Sulawesi, near Makassar. At one point the taxon was downgraded to a junior synonym of the spectral tarsier . However, when that species' range was restricted to the population on a single island near Sulawesi, this nomen was resurrected to contain the remainder of that species.
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Tarsius fuscus
Peleng tarsier
Peleng tarsier
The Peleng tarsier, or the Peleng Island tarsier, is a nocturnal primate found on the island of Peleng, just east of Sulawesi, Indonesia.
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Peleng tarsier
Wallace's tarsier
Wallace's tarsier
Wallace's tarsier, Tarsius wallacei is a recently described species of tarsier. It is found in the forests of Central Sulawesi where there are two separate populations. It is a small brown arboreal mammal less than 15 cm long.
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Wallace's tarsier
Jatna's tarsier
Jatna's tarsier
The Jatna
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Jatna's tarsier
Red-bellied squirrel
Red-bellied squirrel
The red-bellied squirrel or Sulawesi giant squirrel is a species of squirrel. Until recently, it was described as a species in the genus Callosciurus, but since the 1990s it is generally placed in its own genus Rubrisciurus. It is endemic on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, where it is widespread. It has also been found on Sangir Island to the north of Sulawesi. With a length of 25 cm, it is rather large for a squirrel. It lives in the tree ...
tops of the rainforests of the island.
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Red-bellied squirrel
Sulawesi white-handed shrew
Sulawesi white-handed shrew
The Sulawesi white-handed shrew or Temboan shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to the island of Sulawesi in Indonesia. It is a fairly common species and the population seems stable so the International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed its conservation status as being of "least concern".
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Sulawesi white-handed shrew
Sulawesi stripe-faced fruit bat
Sulawesi stripe-faced fruit bat
The Wallace's or Sulawesi stripe-faced fruit bat is a species of megabat in the family Pteropodidae. It is endemic to Sulawesi and the nearby Togian Islands of Indonesia. Cave paintings resembling these bats have been found in Australia, where bats of this kind are not otherwise known.
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Sulawesi stripe-faced fruit bat
Yellow-tailed rat
Yellow-tailed rat
The yellow-tailed rat is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. It is found only in northeastern Sulawesi, Indonesia.
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Yellow-tailed rat
Sulawesi tiny shrew
Sulawesi tiny shrew
The Sulawesi tiny shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to the island of Sulawesi in Indonesia.
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Sulawesi tiny shrew
Muna-Buton macaque
Muna-Buton macaque
The Muna-Buton macaque is one of seven Sulawesi macaques in Indonesia. It is only found on two small islands off the south-east coast: the islands of Buton and Muna. This Old World monkey is diurnal and arboreal, although it can spend significant amounts of time on the ground. It is black with grey "boots" and a brownish colour to the fur on its back. Like other Sulawesi macaques, it has a reduced tail of only about 35mm in length. Its body is ...
about 475 - 495mm in length.
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Muna-Buton macaque
Celebes dwarf squirrel
Celebes dwarf squirrel
The Celebes dwarf squirrel is a species of rodent in the family Sciuridae. It is endemic to northeast and central Sulawesi, Indonesia, and is also found on nearby islands including Sangir Island.
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Celebes dwarf squirrel
Heavenly hill rat
Heavenly hill rat
The heavenly hill rat is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. It is found only in southwestern Sulawesi, Indonesia, where it has only been found on Mount Lompobatang. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Heavenly hill rat
Sulawesi root rat
Sulawesi root rat
Gracilimus radix, the Sulawesi root rat, is a species of rat in the family Muridae. It is a monotypic species, as it the only member of the genus Gracilimus. It is only known from the Mamasa Regency in Sulawesi, Indonesia, where it is endemic to the slopes of Mt. Gandangdewata in the Quarles Range, where it is found at an elevation of about 1600 m.
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Sulawesi root rat
Montane long-nosed squirrel
Montane long-nosed squirrel
The montane long-nosed squirrel is a species of rodent in the family Sciuridae. It is endemic to central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry lowland grassland. It was discovered during a 1930 expedition led by Gerd Heinrich.
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Montane long-nosed squirrel
Whitish dwarf squirrel
Whitish dwarf squirrel
The whitish dwarf squirrel is a species of rodent in the family Sciuridae. It is endemic to Indonesia, where it is found on Sulawesi, Buton Island, Muna Island, Kabeana Island, and adjacent islands to the southeast of Sulawesi.
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Whitish dwarf squirrel
Long-headed hill rat
Long-headed hill rat
The long-headed hill rat is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. It is found only in Sulawesi, Indonesia, where it is only known from Mount Tambusisi. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Long-headed hill rat
Inland hill rat
Inland hill rat
The inland hill rat is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. It is found only in central and southern Sulawesi, Indonesia.
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Inland hill rat
Rhinolophus tatar
Rhinolophus tatar
Rhinolophus tatar is a species of horseshoe bat found in Sulawesi, Indonesia.
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Rhinolophus tatar
Sulawesi yellow bat
Sulawesi yellow bat
The Sulawesi yellow bat is a species of vesper bat. It is found only in Indonesia.
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Sulawesi yellow bat
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