Endemic Animals of Virginia








Egyptian Cobra
Egyptian Cobra
The Egyptian cobra is a venomous snake found in Africa. It is one of the largest cobras of the African continent. The head of this snake is large and depressed and slightly distinct from the neck. The neck has long cervical ribs capable of expanding to form a hood, like all other cobras. The snout of the Egyptian cobra is moderately broad and rounded. The body is cylindrical and stout with a long tail. The most recognizable characteristics of ...
this species are its head and hood. The color is highly variable, but most specimens are some shade of brown, often with lighter or darker mottling, and often a "tear-drop" mark below the eye. Some are more copper-red or grey-brown in color. Egyptian cobras from northwestern Africa (Morocco, Western Sahara) are almost entirely black. The ventral side is mostly a creamy white, yellow-brown, grayish, blue-grey, dark brown or black in coloration, often with dark spots.
Discover more
Egyptian Cobra
Dixie Cavern salamander
Dixie Cavern salamander
The Dixie Cavern salamander is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to the state of Virginia in the United States. It is a troglobitic species restricted to the Dixie Caverns. It was commonly confused with Wehrle's salamander and was merged with that species shortly after description, but a 2019 study reaffirmed it as a distinct species.
Discover more
Dixie Cavern salamander
Smith Island cottontail
Smith Island cottontail
Smith Island cottontail, Smith's Island cottontail or Hitchen's cottontail, was a subspecies of the Eastern cottontail rabbit that lived mainly on two islands on the tip of the Delmarva Peninsula in Virginia. It is generally considered to be extinct.
Discover more
Smith Island cottontail
Oyster mussel
Oyster mussel
The oyster mussel is a rare species of freshwater mussel in the family Unionidae. This aquatic bivalve mollusk is native to the Cumberland and Tennessee River systems of Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, and Virginia in the United States. It has been extirpated from the states of Georgia and North Carolina. It is a federally listed endangered species of the United States.
Discover more
Oyster mussel
Maesiella dominguezi
Maesiella dominguezi
Maesiella dominguezi is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pseudomelatomidae, the turrids and allies. The generic name Maesiella is named in honor of the American malacologist Virginia Orr Maes.
Discover more
Maesiella dominguezi