Eurasian Bullfinch

Eurasian Bullfinch

Common bullfinch, Bullfinch, Eurasian bullfinch, Common bullfinch, Bullfinch

2 languages
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Family
Subfamily
Genus
SPECIES
Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Population size
35-70 mln
Life Span
2-5 yrs
Weight
23 g
Length
15-17 cm
Wingspan
25 cm

The Eurasian bullfinch, common bullfinch or bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula ) is a small passerine bird in the finch family, Fringillidae. In Anglophone Europe it is known simply as the bullfinch, as it is the original bird to bear the name bullfinch.

Di

Diurnal

He

Herbivore

Gr

Granivore

Ar

Arboreal

Te

Terrestrial

Ov

Oviparous

Mo

Monogamy

So

Social

Fl

Flocking

Pa

Partial Migrant

E

starts with

Re

Red Animals
(collection)

Appearance

The Eurasian bullfinch is a small bulky bull-headed bird. Its upper parts are grey; the flight feathers and short thick bill are black; as are the cap and face in adults (they are greyish-brown in juveniles), and the white rump and wing bars are striking in flight. The adult male has red underparts, but females and young birds have grey-buff underparts.

Climate zones

Eurasian Bullfinch habitat map
Eurasian Bullfinch
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Habits and Lifestyle

Eurasian bullfinches do not form large flocks outside the breeding season and are usually seen as a pair or family group. They are active during the day flying from bush to bush searching for food. Eurasian bullfinches are shy and generally quiet birds. Their common call is a low, melancholy 'pew' and the song contains fluted whistles and is often described as 'mournful'.

Seasonal behavior
Bird's call

Diet and Nutrition

Eurasian bullfinches are herbivores (granivores) that feed mainly on the seeds and buds of fruit trees. Ash and hawthorn are typically favored in autumn and early winter. They also favor kale, quinoa, and millet.

Mating Habits

MATING BEHAVIOR
REPRODUCTION SEASON
early May to mid-July
INCUBATION PERIOD
12-14 days
BABY NAME
chick
web.animal_clutch_size
4-7 eggs

Eurasian bullfinches are monogamous breeders that form pair bonds and nest solitarily. They may raise 2 or even 3 broods per season, which lasts from early May to mid-July. During the courtship display, the male walks in front of the female demonstrating the beautiful red color of his breast. Both partners make soft whistles and the male then feeds his mate with seeds. Eurasian bullfinches build their nest in a bush, (preferably more than four meters tall and wide), mature stands of scrub, or tree. The female is responsible for nest building and the male brings her twigs and rootlets. When the nest is ready it is lined with hair, moss, and roots. The female lays 4 to 7 eggs and incubates them for 12-14 days; the male helps the female with incubation and also brings her food. When the chicks hatch they are fed with a mixture of insects and seeds and fledge between 16 and 18 days.

Population

Population threats

This species is not considered threatened at present. However, it is considered a serious pest in orchards, and in England, for centuries every parish ( small administrative district) paid a bounty for every Eurasian bullfinch killed.

Population number

According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of the Eurasian bullfinch is 35,000,000-69,999,999 mature individuals. In Europe, the breeding population consists of 7,650,000-13,000,000 pairs, which equates to 15,300,000-26,100,000 mature individuals. Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List but its numbers today are decreasing.

References

1. Eurasian Bullfinch on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurasian_bullfinch
2. Eurasian Bullfinch on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22720671/132141969
3. Xeno-canto bird call - https://xeno-canto.org/707664

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