Fiji parrotfinch

Fiji parrotfinch

Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Erythrura pealii

The Fiji parrotfinch is a species of estrildid finch endemic to Fiji that was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the red-headed parrotfinch. This parrotfinch is a small, mainly green bird with a red head and tail and a stubby dark grey bill. It is found in both forested and open habitats, and has adapted well to man-made environments such as grasslands, pasture and gardens. Pairs have a courtship display in which they fly above the trees in an undulating flight, calling constantly. Breeding birds build a domed grass nest with a side entrance, and lay a clutch normally of four white eggs. Newly hatched chicks are naked and pink, with blue balls at the upper and lower corners of the gape, and black markings inside the mouth; older fledglings resemble the adults, but lack the red head colouring. The Fiji parrotfinch eats seeds, especially of grasses, and also readily feeds on insects and nectar. It forms small flocks of up to six birds after the breeding season. Parrotfinches may be preyed upon by indigenous birds of prey such as the endemic Fiji goshawk, or by introduced mammals such as the small Asian mongoose, rats, and mice, and they may be susceptible to disease. The Fiji species, despite being both uncommon and endemic to one island group, appears to be stable in numbers. It is therefore classified as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List, and it is protected under Fijian law.

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Distribution

Geography

Countries
Biogeographical realms

Fiji parrotfinch habitat map

Habits and Lifestyle

Seasonal behavior
Bird's call

Diet and Nutrition

References

1. Fiji parrotfinch Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fiji_parrotfinch
2. Fiji parrotfinch on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22719729/94641554
3. Xeno-canto bird call - https://xeno-canto.org/368850

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