Yellow-breasted capuchin, Buffy-headed capuchin, Yellow-breasted, Buff-headed capuchin
The golden-bellied capuchin (Sapajus xanthosternos ), also known as the yellow-breasted or buff-headed capuchin, is a species of New World or neotropical monkey. It lives mainly in trees and are omnivorous, eating a wide variety of both plant and animals as food. Golden-bellied capuchin normal home range is in the Atlantic forest of Brazil and it is critically endangered due to forest fragmentation and habitat loss mainly due to agriculture, there are currently efforts to protect them by the local government.
Diurnal animals are active during the daytime, with a period of sleeping or other inactivity at night. The timing of activity by an animal depends ...
An omnivore is an animal that has the ability to eat and survive on both plant and animal matter. Obtaining energy and nutrients from plant and ani...
A carnivore meaning 'meat eater' is an organism that derives its energy and nutrient requirements from a diet consisting mainly or exclusively of a...
Arboreal locomotion is the locomotion of animals in trees. In habitats in which trees are present, animals have evolved to move in them. Some anima...
Altricial animals are those species whose newly hatched or born young are relatively immobile. They lack hair or down, are not able to obtain food ...
Terrestrial animals are animals that live predominantly or entirely on land (e.g., cats, ants, snails), as compared with aquatic animals, which liv...
Among animals, viviparity is the development of the embryo inside the body of the parent. The term 'viviparity' and its adjective form 'viviparous'...
Polygynandry is a mating system in which both males and females have multiple mating partners during a breeding season.
A dominance hierarchy (formerly and colloquially called a pecking order) is a type of social hierarchy that arises when members of animal social gr...
NoNot a migrant
Animals that do not make seasonal movements and stay in their native home ranges all year round are called not migrants or residents.
The Golden-bellied capuchin is a species of New World monkey. They have a distinctive yellow to golden red chest, belly and upper arms. Their face is a light brown and their cap for which the capuchins were first named is a dark brown to black or light brown. There is a band of short hair around the upper part of the face with speckled colouring that contrasts with the darker surrounding areas. The limbs and tail of these monkeys are also darkly coloured.
Golden-bellied capuchins are restricted to the Atlantic forest of south-eastern Bahia, Brazil. They inhabit tropical lowland and submontane moist forest and also dry, semi-deciduous forest patches in the western part of their range.
Golden-bellied capuchins are arboreal and diurnal creatures. They spend most of their time foraging for food. They are very agile and move through trees with a great speed. Golden-bellied capuchins are social and live in small groups. These groups consist of 8-30 individuals and have a social hierarchy. In each groups there is an alpha male and all the rest males within the group are lower ranked. In order to maintain group cohesion capuchins often groom each other. Sometimes when different groups meet, alpha males of each group physically defend their territories, groups and food resources. In each group there is also an alpha female who dominates the other females but she is less dominant than the alpha male. Golden-bellied capuchins are noisy creatires. They produce short and frequent yipping whines, that remind a sound of a newborn pup. Their alarm call is a two-toned clunking and some of their vocalizations remind of bird-like rising whistles.
Golden-bellied capuchins are omnivores. They feed on fruits and berries, seeds, flowers and nectar, stems, nuts and leaves. They will also eat insects, bird eggs, frogs, small reptiles, birds, bats and other small mammals. Thes monkeys wil even consume oysters and crabs that they find in coastal area.
Golden-bellied capuchins have a polygynandrous (promiscuous) mating system. This means that both males and females mate with more than one partner during the breeding season. These animals breed year-round. Females give birth to a single infant after the gestation period that lasts 150-180 days. Females in this speccies reach reproductive maturity at around 4-5 years of age; however, they may start giving birth only at 7-8 years of age. Males in this species attain maturity at 6 to 8 years of age.
Golden-bellied capuchins are threatened by the habitat loss due to logging and wood harvesting. They also suffer from heavy hunting and trapping.
According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of the Golden-bellied capuchin is unknown. According to Wikipedia resource, there is an estimated population of the species in the Una Biological Reserve (Bahia) containing 185 individuals. Currently, Golden-bellied capuchins are classified as Critically Endangered (CR) on the IUCN Red List and their numbers today are decreasing.
Golden-bellied capuchins eat fruits and seeds, thus acting as important seed dispersers of their range. This way they contribute to the regeneration of the forest.