22 species

An ice cap climate is a polar climate where no mean monthly temperature exceeds 0 °C (32°F). The climate covers areas in or near the high latitudes (65° latitude) to polar regions (70-90° north and south latitude), such as Antarctica, some of the northernmost islands of Canada and Russia, Greenland, along with some regions and islands of Norway's Svalbard Archipelago that have vast deserts of snow and ice. Areas with ice cap climates are normally covered by a permanent layer of ice and have no vegetation. There is limited animal life in most ice cap climates, usually found near the oceanic margins. Although ice cap climates are inhospitable to human life, there are some small research stations scattered in Antarctica and interior Greenland.