The Italian wall lizard is a small reptile native to Europe. It is the most abundant lizard species in southern Italy. It is green, yellowish, tan, or light brown in color and has a whitish, greyish, or greenish belly. In the spring males may have a reddish tinge under their jaw, throat, and front legs. Females are generally smaller than males, and also lack femoral pores.
Italian wall lizards are found in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, France, Italy, Montenegro, Slovenia, and Switzerland. They inhabit Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, rocky areas, rocky shores, sandy shores, rural gardens, pastureland, plantations, and urban areas.
Italian wall lizards are solitary terrestrial creatures. They are active during the day spending their time hunting for prey, resting in their shelters, or basking on sunny days. In winter when the temperatures get low, Italian wall lizards hibernate deep underground in order to avoid freezing.
Italian wall lizards breed from March and until July. Females may produce up to 4-5 clutches per season and each clutch may contain up to 12 eggs; however, usually, it's between 5 and 6 eggs. The young hatch after 5-7 weeks of incubation period and become reproductively mature when they are between 1 and 2 years old.
Italian wall lizards don't face any major threats at present. However, locally some populations suffer from habitat loss due to agricultural expansion, and these lizards are often collected as prey items for pet snakes.
According to IUCN, the Italian wall lizard is locally common throughout its range but no overall population estimate is available. Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are increasing.