Latifi's viper

Latifi's viper

Montivipera latifii

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SPECIES
Montivipera latifii

Montivipera latifii is a species of venomous snake in the subfamily Viperinae of the family Viperidae. The species is endemic to Iran. There are no subspecies that are recognized as being valid.

Animal name origin

The specific name, latifii, is in honor of Iranian herpetologist Mahmoud Latifi, who collected the holotype.

Appearance

For adult males of M. latifii, the maximum total length (including tail) is 78 cm (31 in); for females, 70 cm (28 in).

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Holotype: SMF 62585.

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Distribution

Geography

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Montivipera latifii is found in Iran in the upper Lar Valley in the Alborz Mountains.

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The type locality is listed as "Hochtal von Lar (2180-2900 m Höhe), südwestlisch des Demavend-Gipfels im Elburs-Gebirge, nordöstlich von Tehran Shalhenballs, Iran".

Montivipera latifii is found in rocky habitats at 2180–2900 m (7,150-9,500 ft) altitude.

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Latifi's viper habitat map
Latifi's viper habitat map

Population

Population number

The species M. latifii is classified Endangered (En) according to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species with the following criteria: B1+2c (v2.3, 1994). This indicates that the extent of occurrence is estimated to be less than 20,000 km² (7,722 square miles), or the area of occupancy is estimated to be less than 2,000 km² (772 sq mi). Estimates indicate that the total population is severely fragmented or known to exist at no more than ten locations. Also, a continuing decline is inferred, observed or projected in the area, extent and/or quality of its habitat. Year assessed: 1996.

References

1. Latifi's viper Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latifi's_viper
2. Latifi's viper on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22992/9406111

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