Lebanon viper

Lebanon viper

Lebanon viper

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Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Suborder
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Montivipera bornmuelleri

The Lebanon viper (Montivipera bornmuelleri) is a species of venomous snake in the subfamily Viperinae of the family Viperidae. The species is native to Western Asia. There are no recognized subspecies.

Animal name origin

The specific name, bornmuelleri, is in honor of German botanist Joseph Friedrich Nicolaus Bornmüller.

Appearance

M. bornmuelleri grows to a maximum total length (including tail) of about 75 cm (30 in), but usually much less. Males tend to be larger than females in some populations. In specimens from Mount Lebanon, the maximum total lengths were 47.3 cm (18.6 in) for females and 53.8 cm (21.2 in) for males. The tail accounts for about 7–10% of the total length.

Distribution

Geography

Continents
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Biogeographical realms

M. bornmuelleri is found in high mountain areas in Israel, Lebanon, and Syria. Its preferred natural habitats are cedar forest, shrubland, and alpine grassland.

Lebanon viper habitat map
Lebanon viper habitat map

Mating Habits

M. bornmuelleri is viviparous.

Population

Population number

The species M. bornmuelleri is as of 2006 classified as Endangered (EN) according to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species with the following criteria: B1ab(iii) (v3.1, 2001). This indicates that it is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild because the extent of its occurrence within its geographic range is estimated to be less than 5,000 km² (1,931 sq mi), because its populations are severely fragmented or known to exist at no more than 5 locations, and because a continued decline is observed, inferred or projected in the area, extent and/or quality of its habitat.

References

1. Lebanon viper Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lebanon_viper
2. Lebanon viper on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/61445/12486224

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