Lesser Capybara

Lesser Capybara

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Hydrochoerus isthmius
Population size
Unknown
WEIGHT
28 kg

The Lesser capybara is a large semiaquatic rodent found in Central and South America. It closely resembles the capybara, but is smaller in size and has a darker brown coat.

Distribution

Lesser capybaras are found in eastern Panama, northwestern Colombia, and western Venezuela. They live in areas close to water near marshes, and along streams, ponds, and rivers.

Lesser Capybara habitat map

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Lesser capybaras may be diurnal or nocturnal and solitary or social depending on season, habitat, and hunting pressure. These animals spend their time feeding or resting. When disturbed, capybaras will flee, or produce an alarm call and dive into the water. They are excellent swimmers and may even submerge if pursued.

Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

Lesser capybaras are herbivores (graminivores). They feed on fresh grass and water plants and sometimes fruits and crops.

Mating Habits

REPRODUCTION SEASON
year-round
PREGNANCY DURATION
108 days
BABY CARRYING
3-4 pups
INDEPENDENT AGE
at birth
BABY NAME
pup

Lesser capybaras breed year-round and females give birth to a litter of 3-4 pups. The gestation period usually lasts around 108 days. The young are born well developed and are able to travel with their mother.

Population

Population threats

The main threats to these animals include hunting for their meat, the destruction of gallery forests, swamp drainage, and extensive agriculture.

Population number

The IUCN Red List and other sources don’t provide the number of the Lesser capybara total population size. Currently, this species is classified as Data Deficient (DD) on the IUCN Red List.

References

1. Lesser Capybara on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lesser_capybara
2. Lesser Capybara on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/136277/22189896

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