Penguins

24 species

Penguins are a group of aquatic flightless birds. They live almost exclusively in the southern hemisphere: only one species, the Galápagos penguin, is found north of the Equator. These birds are highly adapted for life in the water and have countershaded dark and white plumage and flippers for swimming. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sea life which they catch while swimming underwater. They spend roughly half of their lives on land and the other half in the sea. Penguins for the most part breed in large colonies which may range in size from as few as 100 pairs to several hundred thousand. Most penguins lay two eggs in a clutch, although the two largest species, the Emperor and the King penguins, lay only one. With the exception of the Emperor penguin, where the male does it all, all penguins share the incubation duties. In some species, such as Emperor and King penguins, the chicks spend time in large groups called crèches.
Penguins are a group of aquatic flightless birds. They live almost exclusively in the southern hemisphere: only one species, the Galápagos penguin, is found north of the Equator. These birds are highly adapted for life in the water and have countershaded dark and white plumage and flippers for swimming. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sea life which they catch while swimming underwater. They spend roughly half of their lives on land and the other half in the sea. Penguins for the most part breed in large colonies which may range in size from as few as 100 pairs to several hundred thousand. Most penguins lay two eggs in a clutch, although the two largest species, the Emperor and the King penguins, lay only one. With the exception of the Emperor penguin, where the male does it all, all penguins share the incubation duties. In some species, such as Emperor and King penguins, the chicks spend time in large groups called crèches.