Marquesan monarch

Marquesan monarch

Marquesan monarch

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Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Pomarea mendozae

The Marquesan monarch (Pomarea mendozae ) is a species of bird in the family Monarchidae. It is endemic to French Polynesia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Distribution

Geography

Biogeographical realms

The Marquesan monarch was once fairly common and widespread in the Marquesas inhabiting islands such as Ua Pou, Nuku Hiva, Hiva Oa, Tahuata, and Mohotani but is now restricted to Mohotani. An ornithological study on Mohotani in 2000 estimated that there are approximately 80-125 (formerly 200-350 pairs in 1975) left on the small island.

Habits and Lifestyle

The Marquesan monarch is mainly an insectivorous bird found in forest valleys at a variety of different altitudes. The species mainly prefers lowland forest but, most of that habitat was destroyed. Adults prefer areas of dense vegetation while immature birds often prefer shrubby vegetation in dry areas.

Lifestyle
Seasonal behavior

Population

Population threats

The rare Marquesan monarch faces further endangerment from hunting by feral cats and the polynesian rat, both of which are non-native introduced species to the island of Mohotani. All the Marquesas Islands have been damaged heavily by intense grazing and fire, and much of the original dry forest has been reduced to grassland while upland forest is now reduced to small forest patches.

References

1. Marquesan monarch Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marquesan_monarch
2. Marquesan monarch on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22734320/95082504

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