Mauritanian Flying Fox

Mauritanian Flying Fox

Greater Mascarene flying fox, Mauritius fruit bat

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Pteropus niger
Population size
37,700
Life Span
19 yrs
WEIGHT
40-800 g
WINGSPAN
80 cm

The Mauritian flying fox is the largest endemic mammal in Mauritius. Its fur is golden. It has small ears, thick hair on the tibiae, the dorsal coloration of the glossy, blackish-brown mantle, tinged with rufous, which extends posteriorly into a dark brown median spinal tract, flanked by buff lateral patches.

Distribution

Mauritian flying foxes are native to Mauritius and La Réunion (region of France). They live in the forests within the national parks of Black River Gorges, Combo, and Bel Ombre. Occasionally, these flying foxes can also be found in fruit plantations.

Mauritian Flying Fox habitat map

Geography

Continents
Subcontinents
Countries

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Mauritian flying foxes are social and roost in large groups. They are active at dusk and dawn, although some are occasionally seen during the day. Every day megabats fly to roosting and foraging resources; to communicate with each other they create various noises.

Group name

Diet and Nutrition

Mauritian flying foxes are frugivores and nectarivores. Their diets consist mainly of fruit and also nectar.

Mating Habits

REPRODUCTION SEASON
starts in May
FEMALE NAME
female
MALE NAME
male
BABY NAME
pup

Mauritian flying foxes start to breed around May and pups are usually born between August and December.

Population

Population threats

Mauritian flying foxes suffer from habitat loss which causes the loss of roosting sites and fruiting trees. Hunting and persecution due to conflicts with the farmers possess another serious threat to this species.

Population number

According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of the Mauritian flying fox is 37,700 mature individuals. Currently, this species is classified as Endangered (EN) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are decreasing.

Ecological niche

Mauritian flying foxes play an important role in their ecosystem as pollinators and seed dispersers. They aid in the survival of many species of plant life in Mauritius. One study found these flying foxes consumed 20 species of plants, most of which were native to Mauritius. Of those native species, 36% are either vulnerable or rare. The flying foxes disperse many seeds in flight through their feces, which is ultimately advantageous to many of the native species.

References

1. Mauritian Flying Fox on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mauritian_flying_fox
2. Mauritian Flying Fox on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/18743/86475525

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