Medium ground finch

Medium ground finch

Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Geospiza fortis

The medium ground finch is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is endemic to the Galapagos Islands. Its primary natural habitat is tropical shrubland. One of Darwin's finches, the species was the first which scientists have observed evolving in real-time. The population of medium ground finches has been experiencing inbreeding depression due to small population numbers. Inbreeding depression occurs when there is a decrease in fitness due to individuals mating with genetic relatives. Typically, this leads to a loss of genetic diversity and a reduction in heterozygosity.

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Distribution

Geography

Continents
Countries
Biogeographical realms

Medium ground finch habitat map

Habits and Lifestyle

Lifestyle
Seasonal behavior
Bird's call

Diet and Nutrition

References

1. Medium ground finch Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medium_ground_finch
2. Medium ground finch on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22723734/94830904
3. Xeno-canto bird call - https://xeno-canto.org/105781

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