Montivipera raddei

Montivipera raddei

Montivipera raddei

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SPECIES
Montivipera raddei

Montivipera raddei or Armenian viper is a species of viper, a venomous snake in the subfamily Viperinae of the family Viperidae. The species is endemic to Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkey, and possibly also Iraq. Two subspecies are recognized.

Animal name origin

The specific name, raddei, is in honor of German naturalist Gustav Radde.

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Common names for M. raddei include rock viper, Radde's mountain viper, Kurdistan viper (Vipera raddei kurdistanica ), Armenian mountain viper, Armenian viper, Radde's viper, Armenian mountain adder, and Zanjhani viper.

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Appearance

Adult males of M. raddei grow to a maximum total length (including tail) of 99 cm (39 in). Adult females are smaller with a maximum total length of 79 cm (31 in).

Distribution

Geography

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Biogeographical realms

Montivipera raddei is found in Eastern Turkey, northwestern Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and probably Iraqi Kurdistan. This species is parapatric or slightly sympatric with M. wagneri in the Aras river valley, Kars Province, eastern Turkey.

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The type locality is listed as "Kasikoparan in Armenien ". According to Nilson and Andrén (1986), Kasikoparan, Armenia (40°02'N, 43°26'E) is now part of Turkey (Kazikkiran ), Tuzluca, Kars Province, northeastern Anatolia).

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Montivipera raddei habitat map
Montivipera raddei habitat map

Habits and Lifestyle

Lifestyle

Diet and Nutrition

Population

Population number

Montivipera raddei is classified as Lower Risk with a subcategory of least concern (LR/lc) according to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (v2.3, 1994). This indicates that it has been evaluated, but that it does not satisfy the criteria for any of the categories Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable. Also, it does not qualify for Conservation Dependent or Near Threatened either. Year assessed: 1996.

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It is, however, listed as a protected species (Appendix III) under the Berne Convention.

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References

1. Montivipera raddei Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montivipera_raddei
2. Montivipera raddei on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22993/9406370

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