Orange-footed scrubfowl

Orange-footed scrubfowl

Orange-footed scrubfowl

2 languages
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Megapodius reinwardt

The orange-footed scrubfowl, orange-footed megapode or just scrubfowl (Megapodius reinwardt ) is a small megapode of the family Megapodiidae.

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This species comprises five subspecies found on many islands in the Lesser Sunda Islands as well as southern New Guinea and northern Australia. It is a terrestrial bird the size of a domestic chicken and dark-coloured with strong orange legs and a pointed crest at the back of the head. It utilises a range of forest and scrub habitats and has colonised many small islands throughout its range. It is prolific in suburban Darwin gardens, where people refer to it as a Bush Chook or Bush Turkey.

In general, populations seem to be stable and the conservation status of the species is considered to be of Least Concern.

The orange-footed scrubfowl feeds on seeds, fallen fruit and terrestrial invertebrates. As with other megapodes, it nests in large mounds of sand, leaf litter and other debris where the heat generated by the decomposition of organic material serves to incubate the eggs. Construction and maintenance of the mounds, which may reach 4.5 m (15 ft) in height and 9 m (30 ft) in diameter, takes place throughout the year.

Some of the subspecies may be treated as full species, such as the Tanimbar scrubfowl (Megapodius tenimberensis ), while other subspecies may be considered subspecies of other species (e.g., M. r. buruensis is sometimes considered a subspecies of the dusky megapode).

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In Aboriginal language and culture

The Kunwinjku people of west Arnhem Land know this bird as kurrukurldanj.

Distribution

Geography

Orange-footed scrubfowl habitat map
Orange-footed scrubfowl habitat map
Orange-footed scrubfowl
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Habits and Lifestyle

Lifestyle
Seasonal behavior
Bird's call

Diet and Nutrition

Population

References

1. Orange-footed scrubfowl Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orange-footed_scrubfowl
2. Orange-footed scrubfowl on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22734302/95081879
3. Xeno-canto bird call - https://xeno-canto.org/688708

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