Palestine Viper

Palestine Viper

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Suborder
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Daboia palaestinae
Population size
Unknown
WEIGHT
1.5 kg
LENGTH
70-130 cm

The Palestine viper is a large venomous snake native to Western Asia. It is considered a leading cause of snakebite within its range. In 2018 this viper was named Israel's national snake.

No

Nocturnal

Ca

Carnivore

Te

Terrestrial

Am

Ambush predator

Ov

Oviparous

Pr

Precocial

Po

Poisonous

So

Solitary

No

Not a migrant

P

starts with

Distribution

Geography

Continents
Subcontinents
Biogeographical realms

Palestine vipers are found in northern and central Israel, Palestine, western Syria, northwestern Jordan, and Lebanon. These snakes inhabit the Mediterranean coastal plains, shrubland, inland hills and often occur in agricultural areas.

Palestine Viper habitat map

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Palestine vipers are solitary and elusive snakes. They are active during the night spending most of the time ambushing their prey. When sensing danger these snakes usually try to avoid contact and warn with the exhaling sounds before they bite.

Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

Palestine vipers are carnivores feeding on rodents, small reptiles, and birds.

Mating Habits

REPRODUCTION SEASON
April-May
INCUBATION PERIOD
39-62 days
FEMALE NAME
female
MALE NAME
male
BABY NAME
snakelet
BABY CARRYING
7-22 eggs

The breeding season of Palestine vipers takes place between April and May. The female lays 7 to 22 eggs and the incubation period lasts 39-62 days depending on the temperature.

Population

Population threats

Palestine vipers don't face any major threats at present.

Population number

According to IUCN, the Palestine viper is common throughout its range but no overall population estimate is available. Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List.

References

1. Palestine Viper on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daboia_palaestinae
2. Palestine Viper on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/61495/12482149

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