Puerto Rican amazon

Puerto Rican amazon

Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Amazona vittata
LENGTH
30 cm

The Puerto Rican amazon, also known as the Puerto Rican parrot, cotorra puertorriqueña or iguaca, is the only extant parrot endemic to the archipelago of Puerto Rico, and belongs to the Neotropical genus Amazona. Measuring 28–30 cm, the bird is a predominantly green parrot with a red forehead and white rings around the eyes. Two subspecies have been described, although there are doubts regarding the distinctiveness of the form gracilipes from Culebra Island, extinct since 1912. Its closest relatives are believed to be the Cuban amazon and the Hispaniolan amazon . The Puerto Rican amazon reaches sexual maturity at between three and four years of age. It reproduces once a year and is a cavity nester. Once the female lays eggs she will remain in the nest and continuously incubate them until hatching. The chicks are fed by both parents and will fledge 60 to 65 days after hatching. This parrot's diet is varied and consists of flowers, fruits, leaves, bark and nectar obtained from the forest canopy. The species is the only remaining native parrot in Puerto Rico and has been listed as critically endangered by the World Conservation Union since 1994. Once widespread and abundant, the population declined drastically in the 19th and early 20th centuries with the removal of most of its native habitat; the species completely vanished from Vieques and Mona Island, nearby to the main island of Puerto Rico. Conservation efforts commenced in 1968 to save the bird from extinction.

This is a part of the Wikipedia article used under the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA).

Di

Diurnal

Fr

Frugivore

Gr

Granivore

He

Herbivore

Ar

Arboreal

Zo

Zoochory

Is

Island endemic

Te

Terrestrial

Mo

Monogamy

So

Social

No

Not a migrant

P

starts with

Distribution

Geography

Continents
Regions
Biogeographical realms

Puerto Rican amazon habitat map

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Seasonal behavior

Mating Habits

MATING BEHAVIOR

References

1. Puerto Rican amazon Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puerto_Rican_amazon
2. Puerto Rican amazon on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22686239/179276011
3. Xeno-canto bird call - https://xeno-canto.org/308503

More Fascinating Animals to Learn About