Pyrenean Chamois

Pyrenean Chamois

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Family
Subfamily
Genus
SPECIES
Rupicapra pyrenaica
Population size
50,000
Life Span
22 yrs
TOP SPEED
50 km/h
WEIGHT
24-50 kg
HEIGHT
up to 80 cm
LENGTH
900-1300 mm

The Pyrenean chamois is a goat-antelope that lives in the mountains of northwestern Spain. Its summer coat is a ruddy brown; in winter, it is black or brown, with darker patches around the eyes. Both males and females have backward-hooked horns up to 20 cm in length.

Di

Diurnal

He

Herbivore

Fo

Folivore

Te

Terrestrial

Br

Browsing

Gr

Grazing

Vi

Viviparous

So

Social

Co

Colonial

Do

Dominance hierarchy

No

Not a migrant

P

starts with

Distribution

Geography

Continents
Biogeographical realms

Pyrenean chamois are found in the Pyrenees, the Cantabrian Mountains, and the Apennine Mountains. They inhabit rocky areas, alpine meadows, forested valleys, and lower slopes in mountainous regions.

Pyrenean Chamois habitat map

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Pyrenean chamois are very agile and can be found on any elevation up to 3000 m. They are active during the day spending their time foraging and resting. Outside of the breeding season males and females live separately. Females and their young live in herds while adult males lead a solitary life for most of the year.

Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

Pyrenean chamois are herbivores. They feed on grasses, herbs, lichens, and buds of trees.

Mating Habits

REPRODUCTION SEASON
November-early December
PREGNANCY DURATION
170 days
BABY CARRYING
1 kid
INDEPENDENT AGE
2-3 years
MALE NAME
gemsbok
BABY NAME
kid

Pyrenean chamois breed in November and early December. After the gestation period of about 170 days, females give birth to a single kid. The young remain near their mothers for 2 to 3 years of age and start to breed when they are 8-9 years old.

Population

Population threats

Like other species of chamois, the Pyrenean chamois were hunted almost to extinction, especially in the 1940s, for the production of leather. Presently they compete with livestock for food and suffer from changes in climate.

Population number

According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of the Pyrenean chamois is 50,000 mature individuals. Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are increasing.

References

1. Pyrenean Chamois on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrenean_chamois
2. Pyrenean Chamois on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/19771/171131310

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