Red hartebeest

Red hartebeest

SUBSPECIES OF

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Family
Subfamily
Genus
SPECIES
Alcelaphus buselaphus caama

The red hartebeest or Cape hartebeest is a subspecies of the hartebeest found in Southern Africa. More than 130,000 individuals live in the wild. The red hartebeest is closely related to the tsessebe and the topi. Alcelaphus buselaphus caama is a large African antelope of the family Bovidae, one of ten subspecies; it is sometimes treated as a separate species, A. caama. Commonly known as the red hartebeest, it is the most colorful hartebeest, with black markings contrasting against its white abdomen and behind. It has a longer face that other subspecies, with complex curving horns joined at the base. The average weight of a male is about 150 kg, and female is 120 kg. Their average shoulder height is 135 cm, and horns are 60 cm long. The life expectancy of a red hartebeest is around 19 years. Little sexual dimorphism is noted between males and females, showing no distinct identifiable physical features, but body size is slightly affected. Horn size, however, expresses more dimorphism between males and females, as males fight and defend themselves for sexual selection. Thus, male skull weight and circumference is slightly greater than that of the female. Hartebeests have an excellent sense of hearing and smell, although their sense of sight is poor. When alarmed, hartebeests flee, reaching a maximum speed of 55 km/h. Their evasion tactic is to induce confusion by running in a zigzag pattern, making it difficult for predators to catch them.

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Distribution

Geography

Continents
Introduced Countries
Biogeographical realms

Red hartebeest habitat map

Habits and Lifestyle

Diet and Nutrition

References

1. Red hartebeest Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_hartebeest
2. Red hartebeest on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/814/50181496

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