Red-Necked Wallaby

Red-Necked Wallaby

Bennett's wallaby, Brush Wallaby, Eastern Brush Wallaby, Brush Kangaroo, Brusher, Red Wallaby

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Infraclass
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Macropus rufogriseus
Population size
Unknown
Life Span
7-15 yrs
TOP SPEED
64 km/h
WEIGHT
13.8-18.6 kg
HEIGHT
80 cm
LENGTH
30-100 cm

The Red-necked wallaby is a medium-sized macropod marsupial, common in the more temperate and fertile parts of eastern Australia, including Tasmania. Its name is due to the reddish fur on its shoulders and nape. The rest of its body is tawny gray, except for its white chest and belly. Its tail is gray on top and white below. Its paws are gray, with black at the ends. Its muzzle is dark brown. The ears of these wallabies are longer than those of others of the kangaroo family.

No

Nocturnal

He

Herbivore

Te

Terrestrial

Ju

Jumping

Vi

Viviparous

Al

Altricial

Gr

Grazing

Po

Polygynandry

So

Solitary

So

Social

Do

Dominance hierarchy

R

starts with

Distribution

Geography

Continents
Countries
Biogeographical realms

Red-necked wallabies live in eastern Australia from New South Wales to the Queensland border area, through to South Australia, and in Tasmania. There is also a large introduced population in New Zealand, and small colonies in Scotland, England, Ireland, and France. Red-necked wallabies inhabit coastal scrub and sclerophyll forest with a shrub understorey and nearby open grassy areas.

Red-Necked Wallaby habitat map

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Red-necked wallabies are mainly solitary but will gather together when there is an abundance of resources such as food, water or shelter. When they do gather in groups, they have a social hierarchy similar to other wallaby species. The males are aggressive towards each other and fight by “boxing” well after becoming fully mature. Grooming and play take place amongst individuals of a similar ranking. Red-necked wallabies are mainly nocturnal animals and spend most of the daytime resting. They cool off by licking their paws and forearms when they are nervously excited or in hot weather. They are not very vocal, tending to use actions and body language to communicate. They growl, chatter, and hiss if provoked.

Group name

Diet and Nutrition

Red-necked wallabies are herbivores and their die consists of grasses, roots, tree leaves, and weeds.

Mating Habits

MATING BEHAVIOR
REPRODUCTION SEASON
December-May
PREGNANCY DURATION
30 days
BABY CARRYING
1 joey
INDEPENDENT AGE
10-12 months
FEMALE NAME
jill, roo
MALE NAME
jack, boomer
BABY NAME
joey

Red-necked wallabies are polygynandrous (promiscuous) when two or more males mate with two or more females. The breeding season takes place from December until May, but in areas with better resources can occur year-round. Gestation lasts for 30 days and one young is born to each mating female. A newborn must crawl to its mother’s pouch, where it will nurse continually for about 7 months. The young are not very developed when born and they complete a large part of their growth in the pouch. At about 7 months old they are large enough to stay out of the pouch for a short time. They are completely weaned at the age of 10-12 months. Females may stay in their birth range for life but males leave when they are 2 years old. Females become reproductively mature at about 14 months of age and males at 19 months.

Population

Population threats

There seem to be no big threats to this species. In Tasmania and New Zealand, however, these animals are sometimes killed under license due to being a pest of crops or pasture, and they are commercially harvested for meat.

Population number

The IUCN Red List and other sources do not provide the Red-necked wallaby total population size, but it appears to be stable. Currently, this species is classified as least concern (LC).

Fun Facts for Kids

  • Red-necked wallabies drink water if they need to. Juicy roots supply them with water during dry spells.
  • Red-necked wallabies have acute hearing and poor eyesight.
  • They are generally secretive animals, being sensitive to disturbance.
  • Wallabies' teeth grow like an elephant's, with new molars pushing old ones out of the mouth eventually, and replacing them. During their lifetime they grow four sets of teeth.
  • When alarmed, like rabbits, wallabies stamp their feet for several bounds, as a warning to others of potential danger.
  • Wallabies swivel their ears to pick up very quiet sounds.
  • Wallabies have stomachs with chambers. When they eat, they regurgitate food which is chewed and swallowed again.
  • Red-necked wallabies are sometimes called Wallabia rufogrisea. The Tasmanian group is also called Bennett's wallaby.

References

1. Red-Necked Wallaby Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red-necked_wallaby
2. Red-Necked Wallaby on The IUCN Red List site - http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/40566/0

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