Rhinolophus proconsulis

Rhinolophus proconsulis

Bornean woolly horseshoe bat, Proconsul's horseshoe bat

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SPECIES
Rhinolophus proconsulis

The Bornean woolly horseshoe bat or Proconsul's horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus proconsulis ) is an endangered species of horseshoe bat found in Malaysia. Though it was discovered in 1959, it was not recognized as a distinct species until 2013.

Appearance

The fur on its back is dark brown; the bases of the hairs on the back are grayish.Fur on the ventral surface is pale brown.Its forearm is 46.8–48.3 mm (1.84–1.90 in) long.Its horseshoe is 9.3–9.7 mm (0.37–0.38 in) long.

Distribution

Geography

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It is known from nine localities in three locations.It has been documented in six caves in Sarawak, Malaysia, two sites in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, and one site in East Kalimantan, Indonesia.During the day, it roosts in limestone caves.

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Conservation

It is currently evaluated as endangered by the IUCN.It meets the criteria for this designation because its extent of occurrence is 2,665 km2 (1,029 sq mi), and its habitat is undergoing extensive deforestation.Caves in Borneo are threatened by disturbance via guano mining, ecotourism, and collecting nests of edible-nest swiftlets.Palm oil plantations and cocoa plantations are resulting in the loss of foraging habitat for insectivorous bats.

References

1. Rhinolophus proconsulis Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhinolophus_proconsulis
2. Rhinolophus proconsulis on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/84372306/84372372

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