Somali wild dog

Somali wild dog

SUBSPECIES OF

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Suborder
Family
Subfamily
Tribe
Genus
SPECIES
Lycaon pictus somalicus

The African wild dog is a canine which is a native species to sub-Saharan Africa. It is the largest wild canine in Africa, and the only extant member of the genus Lycaon, which is distinguished from Canis by dentition highly specialised for a hypercarnivorous diet, and by a lack of dewclaws. It is estimated that about 6,600 adults live in 39 subpopulations that are all threatened by habitat fragmentation, human persecution, and outbreaks of disease. As the largest subpopulation probably comprises fewer than 250 individuals, the African wild dog has been listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List since 1990. The African wild dog is a highly social animal, living in packs with separate dominance hierarchies for males and females. Uniquely among social carnivores, the females rather than the males disperse from the natal pack once sexually mature. The species is a specialised diurnal hunter of antelopes, which it catches by chasing them to exhaustion. Its natural enemies are lions and hyenas: the former will kill the dogs where possible, whilst hyenas are frequent kleptoparasites. Like other canids, the African wild dog regurgitates food for its young, but also extends this action to adults, as a central part of the pack’s social life. The young are allowed to feed first on carcasses. Although not as prominent in African folklore or culture as other African carnivores, it has been respected in several hunter-gatherer societies, particularly those of the predynastic Egyptians and the San people.

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Di

Diurnal

Ca

Carnivore

Sc

Scavenger

Vi

Viviparous

Te

Territorial

Ap

Apex predator

Cu

Cursorial

Pa

Pack hunters

Do

Dominance hierarchy

Hi

Highly social

Mi

Migrating

S

starts with

Distribution

Geography

Somali wild dog habitat map

References

1. Somali wild dog Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Somali_wild_dog

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