Sunda Leopard Cat
Prionailurus javanensis
Population size
Life Span
13 years
kg lbs 
cm inch 

The Sunda leopard cat (Prionailurus javanensis ) is a small wild cat species native to the Sundaland islands of Java, Bali, Borneo, Sumatra and the Philippines that is considered distinct from the leopard cat occurring in mainland South and Southeast Asia.


The Sunda leopard cat is a small wild cat found only in Southeast Asia. It has brown round spots on grey-brown colored fur above and whitish underneath, a line from above each eye towards the back, and longish spots on the back. Its small head is marked with two prominent dark stripes and a short and narrow white muzzle. There are two dark stripes running from the eyes to the ears, and smaller white streaks running from the eyes to the nose. The backs of its moderately long and rounded ears are black with central white spots. Body and limbs are marked with black spots of varying size and color, and along its back are three rows of elongated spots that join into complete stripes in some subspecies. The tail is about half the size of its head-body length and is spotted with a few indistinct rings near the black tip. The background color of the spotted fur varies from light grey to ochre tawny, with a white chest and belly.



Sunda leopard cats live on the islands of Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Bali, Tebingtinggi, Palawan, Negros, Cebu and Panay. Their natural habitat is lowland tropical evergreen forest, but these cats have also adapted to human-modified landscapes with suitable vegetation cover; these may include agricultural areas such as rubber, oil palm, and sugarcane plantations.

Sunda Leopard Cat habitat map

Climate zones

Sunda Leopard Cat habitat map
Sunda Leopard Cat
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Habits and Lifestyle

Sunda leopard cats are nocturnal animals. They spend most of their time on the ground but will readily climb trees and even swim when hunting. They prey using both their hearing and vision. Sunda leopard cats are solitary and very territorial. Males have larger home ranges than females, and each male's range overlaps one or more female ranges.

Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

Sunda leopard cats are carnivores. Their diet includes rodents, beetles, lizards, snakes, and frogs. To a lesser extent, they also prey on amphibians, geckos, and small birds.

Mating Habits

There is no information regarding the mating system and reproduction of this species.


Population threats

The Sunda leopard cat is threatened by collection for exotic trade and by habitat loss following deforestation.

Population number

Presently, the Sunda leopard cat is not included in the IUCN Red List and its conservation status has not been evaluated.


1. Sunda Leopard Cat on Wikipedia -

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