Tapeti

Tapeti

Common tapeti, Common, Tapeti, Brazilian cottontail, Forest cottontail

2 languages
Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Sylvilagus brasiliensis
Weight
0.7-1 kg

The common tapeti (Sylvilagus brasiliensis ), also known as the Brazilian cottontail, forest cottontail, or (formerly) simply tapeti is a species of cottontail rabbit. It is small to medium-sized with a small, dark tail, short hind feet, and short ears. As traditionally defined, its range extends from southern Mexico to northern Argentina, but this includes several distinctive population that have since been split into separate species. Under this narrower definition, the true tapeti only occurs in the Atlantic Rainforest of coastal northeastern Brazil and it is classified as "Endangered" by the IUCN. The American Society of Mammalogists concurs, but also tentatively classifies several distinct populations that have not yet received proper species names into S. brasiliensis, and thus considers it to range from Venezuela south to Argentina.

Cr

Crepuscular

No

Nocturnal

Fo

Folivore

He

Herbivore

Na

Natatorial

Ju

Jumping

Te

Terrestrial

So

Solitary

No

Not a migrant

T

starts with

Appearance

The common tapeti is a small- to medium-sized rabbit. It has a head-body length of 320 mm (13 in), a tail that is 21 mm (0.83 in), hind feet measuring 71 mm (2.8 in), ears that are 54 mm (2.1 in) (measured from notch to tip), and it weighs an average of 934 grams (32.9 oz). The color of its back is brown with a speckled appearance (resulting from the black hairs tips), and it has a rufous spot on its neck. Its belly and tail underside are also rufous. It has six mammae. Two different karyotypes have been reported for this species: 2n=36, FN=68; and 2n=40, FN=76.

Show More

It is a solitary, nocturnal animal, usually seen after nightfall or before dawn, feeding on grass and browse. It has also been recorded eating Harrya chromapes, a bolete mushroom. It is found in forested habitats, close to swamps and along river edges, and in disturbed areas, such as gardens and plantations.

Show Less

Distribution

Geography

Continents
Countries
Regions
Biogeographical realms
Tapeti habitat map

Climate zones

Tapeti habitat map
Tapeti

Habits and Lifestyle

The common tapeti occurs in tropical rain forests, deciduous forests, and second growth forests in Mexico and Central America, as well as pastures surrounding forest habitat. Its range extends from southern Tamaulipas in Mexico, south along the eastern coast of Mexico, through Guatemala, possibly El Salvador, Honduras, eastern Nicaragua, eastern Costa Rica, and Panama. It occurs through the northern half of South America, including Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, northern Argentina, and much of Brazil. The southern tip of its known distribution occurs in Tucuman province. It occurs at elevations from sea level to 4,800 m (15,700 ft).It is the only leporid species found in most of its range.

Show More

Rabbits build nests built of dry grasses above the ground to rear their young. They have a central chamber and three or four smaller chambers at the end of a corridor. The gestation period varies with the geographical location. Rabbits in Chiapas, Mexico gestate for about 28 days, and have three to eight offspring, while rabbits in the Páramos of the Andes gestate for 44 days, and have an average litter size of 1.2. Both of these populations breed year-round.

Like its California relative, the brush rabbit (Sylvilagus bachmani ), the common tapeti is a natural reservoir for the myxoma virus. This relationships was discovered by Brazilian physician Henrique de Beaurepaire Rohan Aragão in the 1940s. The virus causes a benign cutaneous fibroma in its hosts, but it causes the lethal disease myxomatosis, in European rabbits.

Show Less
Seasonal behavior

Mating Habits

PREGNANCY DURATION
26 to 30 days
BABY CARRYING
1 to 6

References

1. Tapeti Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tapeti
2. Tapeti on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/87491102/45191186

More Fascinating Animals to Learn About