Versicolored emerald

Versicolored emerald

Versicolored emerald, Versicoloured emerald

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Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Chrysuronia versicolor

The versicoloured emerald (Chrysuronia versicolor ) is a species of hummingbird from central and eastern South America.

Appearance

It has a total length of 8–10 cm (3–4 in). The relatively long, slightly decurved bill is black with flesh-colored (occasionally orange) base to the lower mandible. The tail is coppery-green with a dark subterminal band. The upperparts and flanks are coppery-green. The central underparts and crissum (the undertail coverts surrounding the cloaca) are white. The color of the throat, face-sides and crown varies greatly both individually and depending on subspecies. The throat ranges from all greenish or turquoise (edged white in female) in inland nominate, nitidifrons and kubtcheki, to bluish in rondoniae and white (essentially a continuation of the white central underparts) in coastal nominate, hollandi and millerii. Most races have green face-sides and crown, but this is typically turquoise-blue or azure blue in hollandi and rondoniae.

Distribution

Geography

It occurs in northern Bolivia, eastern Paraguay, far north-eastern Argentina, and eastern, southern and central Brazil, being absent from the arid Caatinga and most of the Amazon Basin, although locally extending into this region in the south-east and along major rivers (e.g. the Amazon River and Rio Negro). A population, possibly disjunct (although exact distribution limits often are incompletely known in this part of Brazil), occurs in far north-western Brazil, southern Venezuela, western Guyana and eastern Colombia.

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It occurs in a wide range of semi-open habitats with some trees; even in urban areas. It generally avoids the interior of humid primary forest, and in regions where such habitats dominate, it mainly occurs in relatively open sections or along forest borders (e.g. the vicinity of major rivers). It is widespread, generally fairly common (more localized in the Amazon Basin) and possibly benefits from the widespread deforestation in tropical South America.

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Versicolored emerald habitat map
Versicolored emerald habitat map
Versicolored emerald
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Habits and Lifestyle

Lifestyle
Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

Population

References

1. Versicolored emerald Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Versicolored_emerald
2. Versicolored emerald on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22687525/93156482

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