White-bearded helmetcrest

White-bearded helmetcrest

White-bearded helmetcrest

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Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Oxypogon lindenii

The white-bearded helmetcrest (Oxypogon lindenii ) is a species of hummingbird in the "coquettes", tribe Lesbiini of subfamily Lesbiinae. It is endemic to northwestern Venezuela.

Appearance

The white-bearded helmetcrest is about 11.5 cm (4.5 in) long and weighs about 4.8 g (0.17 oz). It has a short straight bill. The adult male has a long black and white crest and a mostly black face with a wide white "collar". Its upperparts are bronzy green with a slight gray scaly appearance. It has a long thin white "beard". The rest of the underparts are dingy gray with green spots. The tail is moderately long and forked. The upper side of its central feathers are olive green and the rest dusky; the underside of the feathers are maroon with white shafts and some narrow white at the base. The adult female is similar to the male but lacks the crest and beard, and its underparts are dull white with dense greenish brown spots. Juveniles are not well studied but are believed to resemble the adult female.

Distribution

Geography

Continents
Countries
Biogeographical realms

The white-bearded helmetcrest is found only in the Andes of northwestern Venezuela, in Mérida and Trujillo states. It inhabits humid páramo, especially that with Espeletia vegetation. It also sometimes occurs at the edge of Polylepis woodlands. Females often occur in gorges while males tend to remain in more open landscapes. In elevation the species ranges between 3,600 and 4,500 m (11,800 and 14,800 ft) though there is at least one record as low as 2,800 m (9,200 ft).

White-bearded helmetcrest habitat map
White-bearded helmetcrest habitat map
White-bearded helmetcrest
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Habits and Lifestyle

The white-bearded helmetcrest migrates from the high páramo in the wet season to lower elevations in the dry.

Lifestyle
Seasonal behavior
Bird's call

Diet and Nutrition

The white-bearded helmetcrest feeds on nectar; it especially favors Espeletia schultzii and Castilleja fissifolia. It nectars by clinging to flowers rather than hovering. It also feeds on insects and their larvae. It catches insects on the ground or by jumping or hawking from the ground or a perch. It picks larvae from vegetation.

Mating Habits

The white-bearded helmetcrest's breeding season is tied to the flowering of Espeletia and is usually between June and November. It makes a large nest of Espeletia fibers in cavities or below overhangs where it is protected from sun and rain. The clutch size it two eggs; the female incubates for 21 to 23 days and fledging occurs 35 to 38 days after hatch.

Population

Population number

The IUCN has assessed the white-bearded helmetcrest as being of Least Concern. It has a very small range and its population size is not known and believed to be decreasing. Thought it is considered very common and occurs in two national parks, overgrazing is a problem even in them.

References

1. White-bearded helmetcrest Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White-bearded_helmetcrest
2. White-bearded helmetcrest on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22726804/94932211
3. Xeno-canto bird call - https://xeno-canto.org/227098

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