White-fronted tern

White-fronted tern

Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Sterna striata

The white-fronted tern also known as Tara, Sea Swallow, Black-billed Tern, Kahawai Bird, Southern Tern, or Swallow tail, was first described by Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1789. A medium sized tern that has an all white body including under wing and forked tail, with grey hues that flow over the upper wing. In breeding adults a striking black cap covers the head from forehead to nape, leaving a small white strip across the top of the black beak. They are the most abundant tern in New Zealand, observed feeding on shoaling fish along the entire coastline and many of its smaller outlying islands. Breeding occurs October to January on rocky cliffs, offshore islands and along the coast where they will nest on shingle, sand, shell or rock. Flocks can have hundreds of breeding pairs that will nest in close proximity to one another. Large numbers of juveniles and some adults migrate to the south-east coast of Australia and parts of Tasmania in the Autumn, with small numbers establishing breeding colonies on Flinders and Cape Barren Islands in the Bass Strait. Due to introduced mammalian predators into New Zealand such as ferrets and stoats, the white-fronted tern has recently been given the New Zealand national conservation status of at risk/in decline.

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Pi

Piscivores

Te

Terrestrial

Co

Congregatory

Ov

Oviparous

Pr

Precocial

So

Soaring birds

Se

Seabird

So

Social

Fl

Flocking

Mi

Migrating

W

starts with

Distribution

Geography

Biogeographical realms

White-fronted tern habitat map

Habits and Lifestyle

Seasonal behavior
Bird's call

Diet and Nutrition

References

1. White-fronted tern Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White-fronted_tern
2. White-fronted tern on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22694607/155620380
3. Xeno-canto bird call - https://xeno-canto.org/152985

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