Speckled Kingsnake

Speckled Kingsnake

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Suborder
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Lampropeltis holbrooki
Population size
Unknown
Life Span
20 yrs
LENGTH
120 cm

The Speckled kingsnake is a nonvenomous snake, which is native to the United States. Its common name is derived from the pattern, which is black, with small yellow-white specks, one speck in the center of almost every dorsal scale. This snake is also known as the "salt-and-pepper snake".

Distribution

Speckled kingsnakes are found in the central and southern United States from southern Iowa to the Gulf of Mexico. They inhabit wet habitats, like swamps and rivers, but they do commonly venture to dry areas like woodlands and grassy fields.

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Speckled kingsnakes are solitary and primarily terrestrial creatures. They are active from spring through late autumn and during cold winter months hibernate in crevices or underground in abandoned burrows. Speckled kingsnakes hunt by day but in winter they may switch to nocturnal activity. They use constriction to kill their prey and tend to be opportunistic in their diet. Speckled kingsnakes are usually docile and harmless. If sensing danger they will shake their tail like a rattlesnake to deter predators. They may also expel musk and feces or bite when feeling threatened.

Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

Speckled kingsnakes are carnivores. They feed on mammals, birds, rodents, frogs, lizards, and other snakes.

Mating Habits

REPRODUCTION SEASON
spring
FEMALE NAME
female
MALE NAME
male
BABY NAME
snakelet
BABY CARRYING
6-23 eggs

Speckled kingsnakes breed in spring when they emerge after hibernation. Females lay 6-23 eggs and the young usually hatch between August and September.

Population

Population threats

Speckled kingsnakes are not threatened at present but they suffer from habitat loss are often collected for the pet trade.

Population number

The IUCN Red List and other sources don’t provide the number of the Speckled kingsnake total population size. Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are stable.

References

1. Speckled Kingsnake on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speckled_kingsnake
2. Speckled Kingsnake on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/67662914/67662925

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