Endemic Animals of Bolivia








Blue-Throated Macaw
Blue-Throated Macaw
Blue-throated macaws are large colorful parrots native to Bolivia. They are one of the rarest in the world. Their upperparts are turquoise-blue, slightly duller on the crown and brighter on the rump. Underparts are largely bright yellow but the vent is pale blue. These birds have bare facial patch obscured by blue feather-lines merging into blue lower cheek and throat, separated from the crown by narrow yellow stripe and bare pink skin around ...
the base of the large, black bill. Despite being plentiful in captivity, these beautiful and intelligent birds are critically endangered in the wild and are protected by trading prohibitions.
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Blue-Throated Macaw
Red-fronted macaw
Red-fronted macaw
The red-fronted macaw is a parrot endemic to a small semi-desert mountainous area of Bolivia. It is a critically endangered species; it has been successfully bred in captivity, and is available, if not common, as a pet. It is also sometimes known in the literature as Lafresnaye's macaw, named for the French ornithologist Frédéric de Lafresnaye, who was one of the first to describe the species.
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Red-fronted macaw
Horned curassow
Horned curassow
The horned curassow, or southern helmeted curassow, is a species of bird in the family Cracidae found in humid tropical and subtropical forests. It was first described by James Bond and Rodolphe Meyer de Schauensee in 1939 from a specimen collected in Bolivia, and further birds that were described from Peru in 1971 were thought to be a new subspecies. However, the taxonomical position of the birds found in Peru in 1971 is unclear. The horned ...
curassow as originally described is endemic to Bolivia. It is a large, predominantly black bird with a distinctive casque on its forehead. It is an uncommon bird with a limited range and is suffering from habitat loss, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as being "critically endangered".
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Horned curassow
Letitia's thorntail
Letitia's thorntail
Letitia's thorntail, also known as the coppery thorntail, is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It is only known from two old male specimens from Bolivia . Consequently, its behavior and habitat are unknown, but likely similar to that of other thorntails. It has been suggested that it represented a hybrid or a variant of the racquet-tailed coquette, but a study has validated its status as a distinct species.
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Letitia's thorntail
Bolivian blackbird
Bolivian blackbird
The Bolivian blackbird is a species of bird in the family Icteridae. It is monotypic within the genus Oreopsar.
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Bolivian blackbird
Violet-throated starfrontlet
Violet-throated starfrontlet
The violet-throated starfrontlet is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It was first described by English ornithologist John Gould in 1846. It is found in Bolivia and Peru. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forest.
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Violet-throated starfrontlet
Apolo cotinga
Apolo cotinga
The Apolo cotinga or palkachupa cotinga is a species of passerine bird in the family Cotingidae. It is a member of the genus Phibalura.
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Apolo cotinga
Yungas tody-tyrant
Yungas tody-tyrant
The Yungas tody-tyrant is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is endemic to the Yungas of Bolivia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.
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Yungas tody-tyrant
White-browed brushfinch
White-browed brushfinch
The white-browed brushfinch is a species of bird in the family Passerellidae. It is found in northwestern Argentina, Bolivia, and southern Peru. It is generally common in forest and dense second growth, mainly at altitudes of 2,000 to 3,000 metres, but locally it occurs at far lower altitudes. It previously was considered the nominate subspecies of the stripe-headed brushfinch.
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White-browed brushfinch
Cliff parakeet
Cliff parakeet
The cliff parakeet is a small species of parrot in the family Psittacidae. It occurs in Andean valleys of central Bolivia between 1,000 /1,300 and 3,000 metres above sea level, roughly from southeastern La Paz to the northern Chuquisaca department. Many taxonomic authorities, consider it to be a subspecies of the monk parakeet, while others consider it distinct.
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Cliff parakeet
Black-hooded sunbeam
Black-hooded sunbeam
The black-hooded sunbeam is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae.
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Black-hooded sunbeam
Chilean elaenia
Chilean elaenia
The Chilean elaenia is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae, the tyrant flycatchers. It is found from southern Bolivia to Tierra del Fuego. It is sometimes considered a subspecies of the white-crested elaenia.
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Chilean elaenia
Double-collared crescentchest
Double-collared crescentchest
The double-collared crescentchest is a species of bird in the family Melanopareiidae. It is found in eastern Bolivia.
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Double-collared crescentchest
Ringed warbling finch
Ringed warbling finch
The ringed warbling finch is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, and subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland.
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Ringed warbling finch
Cochabamba mountain finch
Cochabamba mountain finch
The Cochabamba mountain finch is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is endemic to shrubby woodland in the Andes of Bolivia. Together with the closely related Tucumán mountain finch, it is placed in the genus Poospiza. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Cochabamba mountain finch
Masked antpitta
Masked antpitta
The masked antpitta is a species of bird in the family Grallariidae. It is endemic to Bolivia in the city of Riberalta and around. It is in particular located in Puerto Hamburgo and in the Aquicuana Reserve.
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Masked antpitta
Rufous-faced antpitta
Rufous-faced antpitta
The rufous-faced antpitta is a species of bird in the family Grallariidae. It is endemic to Bolivia.
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Rufous-faced antpitta
Bolivian spinetail
Bolivian spinetail
The Bolivian spinetail or Inquisivi spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae, which was discovered in 1993 near Inquisivi, in the department of La Paz.
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Bolivian spinetail
Unicolored thrush
Unicolored thrush
The unicolored thrush is a species of bird in the family Turdidae. It is endemic to Bolivia.
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Unicolored thrush
Bolivian earthcreeper
Bolivian earthcreeper
The Bolivian earthcreeper is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to Bolivia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland.
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Bolivian earthcreeper
Berlepsch's canastero
Berlepsch's canastero
Berlepsch's canastero is a species of the ovenbird family, Furnariidae. It is endemic to Bolivia.
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Berlepsch's canastero
Black-throated thistletail
Black-throated thistletail
The black-throated thistletail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to Bolivia.
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Black-throated thistletail
Bolivian antpitta
Bolivian antpitta
The Bolivian antpitta is a bird in the family Grallariidae. The species was first described by James Bond and Rodolphe Meyer de Schauensee in 1940. It is endemic to Bolivia. It is a member of the rufous antpitta species complex and was elevated from subspecies to species in 2020 on the basis of differences in plumage and vocalizations.
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Bolivian antpitta
Nymphargus bejaranoi
Nymphargus bejaranoi
Nymphargus bejaranoi is a species of frog in the family Centrolenidae. It is endemic to the eastern slopes of the Bolivian Andes in the Cochabamba, Chuquisaca, La Paz, and Santa Cruz departments. The specific name bejaranoi honors Gastón Bejarano, a Bolivian zoologist and Director of Forestry and National Parks, Ministry of Agriculture. Common name Bolivian Cochran frog has been coined for this species.
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Nymphargus bejaranoi
Ameerega boliviana
Ameerega boliviana
Ameerega boliviana, formerly Epipedobates bolivianus, is a species of frog in the family Dendrobatidae endemic to Bolivia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, rivers, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, pastureland, rural gardens, and heavily degraded former forests.
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Ameerega boliviana
Dendropsophus arndti
Dendropsophus arndti
Dendropsophus arndti is a species of "clown tree frogs" described in 2017 that lives in the Amazon basin of Bolivia. The specific name arndti honors professor Rudolf G. Arndt, in recognition of his financial support for research and nature conservation.
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Dendropsophus arndti
Caecilia marcusi
Caecilia marcusi
Caecilia marcusi is a species of caecilian in the family Caeciliidae. It is endemic to Bolivia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, plantations, rural gardens, and heavily degraded former forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Caecilia marcusi
Rhinella quechua
Rhinella quechua
Rhinella quechua is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Bolivia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, rivers, freshwater marshes, and intermittent freshwater marshes. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Rhinella quechua
Noblella ritarasquinae
Noblella ritarasquinae
Noblella ritarasquinae is a species of frog in the family Craugastoridae. It is endemic to Bolivia and only known from near its type locality in the San Matéo River valley, Chapare Province. The range is within the Carrasco National Park. Its natural habitat is tropical moist montane forest. It is a terrestrial, leaf-litter species.
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Noblella ritarasquinae
Rhinella stanlaii
Rhinella stanlaii
Rhinella stanlaii is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Bolivia and occurs on the Amazonian versant of the Bolivian Andes in the Cochabamba, La Paz, and Santa Cruz departments.
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Rhinella stanlaii
Teratohyla adenocheira
Teratohyla adenocheira
Teratohyla adenocheira is a species of frogs in the family Centrolenidae. It is known from the Noel Kempff Mercado National Park, its type locality in eastern Bolivia, as well as more widely from Brazil, in the states of Mato Grosso, Pará, and Rondônia.
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Teratohyla adenocheira
Telmatobius verrucosus
Telmatobius verrucosus
Telmatobius verrucosus is a species of frog in the family Telmatobiidae. It is endemic to Bolivia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forest and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Telmatobius verrucosus
Dendropsophus joannae
Dendropsophus joannae
Dendropsophus joannae is a species of frogs in the family Hylidae. It is known from the Pando Department, northern Bolivia, western Brazil, and Madre de Dios Region of southeastern Peru. It is similar to Dendropsophus leali but is smaller, has a shorter snout, more protuberant eyes, and more tuberculate dorsal skin. The specific name joannae honors Mrs. Jo Ann Oxley Foster, a BIOPAT patron supporting taxonomic research and nature conservation.
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Dendropsophus joannae
Rhinella amboroensis
Rhinella amboroensis
Rhinella amboroensis is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae that is endemic to the region of its type locality in the Carrasco Province of Bolivia and the adjacent Santa Cruz Department. Its common name is Cochabamba toad. It may exist in the Carrasco National Park and/or Amboró National Park, depending on its exact range.
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Rhinella amboroensis
Yungas tree frog
Yungas tree frog
The Yungas tree frog is a species of frog in the family Hylidae found in Bolivia and Peru. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, rivers, and canals and ditches.
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Yungas tree frog
Nannophryne apolobambica
Nannophryne apolobambica
Nannophryne apolobambica is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Bolivia and only known from its type locality on the banks of Pelechuco River, Cordillera Apolobamba, in the Franz Tamayo Province of northwestern Bolivia. Its natural habitat is tropical cloud forest. Active toads were found on the forest floor and paths both day and night. It is threatened by habitat loss. The type locality is partly within the Madidi ...
National Park.
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Nannophryne apolobambica
Rhinella justinianoi
Rhinella justinianoi
Rhinella justinianoi is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae that is endemic to Bolivia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Rhinella justinianoi
Three-coloured harlequin toad
Three-coloured harlequin toad
The three-coloured harlequin toad is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is found in Bolivia and Peru. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Three-coloured harlequin toad
Yunganastes fraudator
Yunganastes fraudator
Yunganastes fraudator is a species of frog in the family Craugastoridae. It is endemic to Bolivia and found in the Cochabamba Department to the border with the Santa Cruz Department. It is sometimes known as Cochamba robber frog. Its specific name fraudator means "cheat" or "deceiver" and refers to its resemblance with Gastrotheca marsupiata.
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Yunganastes fraudator
Charuplaya tree frog
Charuplaya tree frog
The Charuplaya tree frog is a species of frog in the family Hylidae endemic to Bolivia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, rivers, and canals and ditches.
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Charuplaya tree frog
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