Endemic Animals of Canada








Gray Jay
Gray Jay
The Gray jay is a fairly large songbird that lives in the boreal forests of North America. It has pale grey underparts, darker grey upperparts, and a grey-white head with a darker grey nape. These birds live year-round on permanent territories, surviving in cold winter months on food cached throughout their territory in warmer periods. They also adapt to human activity in their areas and approach humans for food, inspiring a list of colloquial ...
names including "lumberjack", "camp robber", and "venison-hawk".
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Gray Jay
Newfoundland wolf
Newfoundland wolf
The Newfoundland wolf was a subspecies of grey wolf that was native to Newfoundland.
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Newfoundland wolf
Bernard's wolf
Bernard's wolf
Bernard's wolf, also known as the Banks Island wolf or the Banks Island tundra wolf, is an extinct subspecies of the gray wolf that was limited to Banks and Victoria Island of the Arctic Archipelago.
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Bernard's wolf
Vancouver Island Marmot
Vancouver Island Marmot
The Vancouver Island marmot is a large member of the squirrel family. It can be easily distinguished from other marmots by its rich, chocolate brown fur and contrasting white patches. No other marmot species naturally occurs on Vancouver Island.
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Vancouver Island Marmot
Giant Canada goose
Giant Canada goose
The giant Canada goose is the largest subspecies of Canada goose, weighing in at 5 kg . It is found in central North America. These geese were at one point considered extinct, but were later rediscovered.
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Giant Canada goose
Arctic redpoll
Arctic redpoll
The Arctic redpoll or hoary redpoll is a bird species in the finch family Fringillidae. It breeds in tundra birch forest. It has two subspecies, A. h. hornemanni of Greenland and neighbouring parts of Canada, and A. h. exilipes, which breeds in the tundra of northern North America and the Palearctic. Many birds remain in the far north; some birds migrate short distances south in winter, sometimes travelling with common redpolls. The genus name ...
Acanthis is from the Ancient Greek akanthis, a name for a small now-unidentifiable bird, and hornemanni commemorates the Danish botanist Jens Wilken Hornemann. The name "arctic redpoll" is used in Europe and "hoary redpoll" in North America.
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Arctic redpoll
Queen Charlotte Islands caribou
Queen Charlotte Islands caribou
The Queen Charlotte Islands caribou or Dawson's caribou is an extinct subspecies of the reindeer that once lived on Graham Island, the largest of the Haida Gwaii islands in British Columbia, Canada. Possible causes of extinction include habitat destruction, introduced disease and overhunting. It was grey in appearance. The last three caribou were killed in 1908 and can be seen at the Royal British Columbia Museum, where their pelts and bones are ...
preserved and displayed. Recent analysis of mtDNA suggests that the Queen Charlotte Islands caribou was not genetically distinct from the subspecies from the Canadian mainland.
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Queen Charlotte Islands caribou
Mackenzie River wolf
Mackenzie River wolf
The Mackenzie River wolf or Mackenzie Arctic Wolf is a subspecies of gray wolf which is found in Canada's southern portion of Northwest Territories. Not much has been published on Canis lupus mackenzii but one of the most comprehensive studies was done in 1954 by W.A. Fuller, Wolf Control Operations, Southern Mackenzie District, Canada Wildlife Service Report. This wolf is recognized as a subspecies of Canis lupus in the taxonomic authority ...
Mammal Species of the World .
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Mackenzie River wolf
Newfoundland black bear
Newfoundland black bear
The Newfoundland black bear is a morphologically distinct subspecies of the American black bear, which is endemic to the island of Newfoundland in Atlantic Canada. The Newfoundland black bear is generally larger than its mainland relatives, ranging in size from 90 to 270 kilograms and averaging 135 kilograms . It also has one of the longest hibernation periods of any bear in North America.
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Newfoundland black bear
Hudson Bay wolf
Hudson Bay wolf
The Hudson Bay wolf is a subspecies of gray wolf native to northern Keewatin, including the northwestern coast of Hudson Bay in Canada. It was first classed as a distinct subspecies in 1941 by Edward Goldman, who described it as being a white colored, medium-sized subspecies similar to C. l. arctos, but with a flatter skull. This wolf is recognized as a subspecies of Canis lupus in the taxonomic authority Mammal Species of the World .
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Hudson Bay wolf
Aleutian cackling goose
Aleutian cackling goose
The Aleutian cackling goose, is a small subspecies of the cackling goose averaging 1.7 to 2.1 kilograms in weight. It was one of 122 species of animals, birds, and fish first documented for science by the Lewis and Clark Expedition .
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Aleutian cackling goose
Kumlien's gull
Kumlien's gull
Kumlien's gull is a subspecies of the Iceland gull. It is a large gull which breeds in the Arctic regions of Canada. It is migratory, wintering from Labrador south to New England and west across the Great Lakes. The subspecies is named after the naturalist Ludwig Kumlien. It is a regular vagrant in small numbers to Britain and Ireland.
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Kumlien's gull
Newfoundland crossbill
Newfoundland crossbill
The Newfoundland red crossbill is a member of the crossbill genus which has its crossed bill adapted for prying open the tightly closed spruce or pine cones in order to extract the seeds found abundantly on the island of Newfoundland.
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Newfoundland crossbill
Baffin Island wolf
Baffin Island wolf
The Baffin Island wolf, also known as the Baffin Island tundra wolf, is a subspecies of grey wolf which resides exclusively on Baffin Island and several nearby islands. It was not formally recognized as a subspecies until 1943, when it was given its taxonomic classification by Anderson. This wolf is recognized as a subspecies of Canis lupus in the taxonomic authority Mammal Species of the World .
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Baffin Island wolf
Ursus americanus carlottae
Ursus americanus carlottae
The Haida Gwaii black bear, also known as the Queen Charlotte Islands black bear, is a morphologically distinct subspecies of the American black bear. The most significant morphological differences are its large size, massive cranium and large molars. This subspecies is endemic to the Haida Gwaii and is considered a "keystone species" because of the bears' transportation of salmon remains into the surrounding forests of the Haida Gwaii.
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Ursus americanus carlottae
Ogilvie Mountains collared lemming
Ogilvie Mountains collared lemming
The Ogilvie Mountains collared lemming is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is found only in Yukon Territory, Canada. Its natural habitat is tundra.
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Ogilvie Mountains collared lemming
Maritime shrew
Maritime shrew
The maritime shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is found in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia in Canada.
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Maritime shrew
Banff Springs snail
Banff Springs snail
The Banff Springs snail is a species of small air-breathing freshwater snail in the family Physidae. Based on molecular research, it appears that Physella johnsoni separated out as a species from Physella gyrina about 10,000 years ago.
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Banff Springs snail
Amethyst gem clam
Amethyst gem clam
The amethyst gem clam is species of very small saltwater clam, a marine bivalve mollusk in the family Veneridae, the Venus clams.
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Amethyst gem clam
Thyasira trisinuata
Thyasira trisinuata
Thyasira trisinuata, common name the "Atlantic cleft clam", is a species of saltwater clam, a marine bivalve mollusc in the family Thyasiridae. This species is found along the Atlantic coast of North America, ranging from Nova Scotia to the West Indies.
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Thyasira trisinuata
Yoldia myalis
Yoldia myalis
Yoldia myalis, or the comb yoldia, is a clam in the family Yoldiidae. It can be found along the Atlantic coast of North America, ranging from Labrador to Massachusetts, as well as along the Alaskan coast.
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Yoldia myalis
Aldisa tara
Aldisa tara
Aldisa tara is a species of sea slug, a dorid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Cadlinidae.
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Aldisa tara