Endemic Animals of Chile








Degu
Degu
Degu is a small rodent with greyish brown coat, which is lighter on the under part. The tail exhibits a black, bushy tip. The closest relatives of this highly social and curious animal are the guinea pig and chinchilla. Males and females look alike, although females are around 10% smaller than males. Newborn babies of this species are able to see and start exploring the environment during the first few hours of their lives. In addition, degus ...
are very vocal animals. They usually live 3 - 4 years in the wild and 5 - 8 years in captivity.
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Degu
Short-Tailed Chinchilla
Short-Tailed Chinchilla
The Short-tailed chinchilla is one of two chinchilla species, along with the Long-tailed chinchilla. This rodent has a bushy tail, soft coat and considerably large ears. The color of their fur varies from blue-grey to pearl or grey. The under-part is yellow or off white. Chinchilla's coat is very thick, preventing evaporation of water and allowing the animal to endure cold temperatures. The feet are large, possessing weak claws and large pads. ...
These rodents construct their dens in rock crevices, easily moving over rocks due to their foot pads, which prevent slipping.
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Short-Tailed Chinchilla
Long-Tailed Chinchilla
Long-Tailed Chinchilla
Long-tailed chinchillas have long hair, with gray, white, and black bands; it is silky, extremely soft, and firmly adhered to the skin. The general color of their upper parts is bluish or silvery gray; the underparts are yellowish-white. The tail has long, coarse, gray and black hairs on its dorsal surface. Domesticated animals are larger than wild ones, with females being larger than males.
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Long-Tailed Chinchilla
Darwin's Fox
Darwin's Fox
Darwin's fox is a small endangered canid that lives in Chile and on Chiloé Island. It has dark gray fur with reddish areas on the head and muzzle. Darwin's fox was first collected from San Pedro Island off the coast of Chile by the naturalist Charles Darwin in 1834. It was long held to be a subspecies of the South American gray fox; however, the discovery of a small population of Darwin's fox on the mainland in Nahuelbuta National Park in 1990 ...
and subsequent genetic analysis has clarified the fox's status as a unique species.
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Darwin's Fox
Chilean dolphin
Chilean dolphin
The Chilean dolphin, also known as the black dolphin, is one of four dolphins in the genus Cephalorhynchus. The dolphin is only found off the coast of Chile; it is commonly referred to in the country as tonina.
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Chilean dolphin
Calyptocephalella
Calyptocephalella
Calyptocephalella is a genus of frogs in the family Calyptocephalellidae. It is represented by a single living species, Calyptocephalella gayi, commonly known as the helmeted water toad, Chilean helmeted bull frog or wide-mouth toad. Additionally, there are a few extinct species that only are known from Late Cretaceous and Paleogene fossil remains from Patagonia in South America and in the Antarctic Peninsula . The helmeted water toad living ...
today is aquatic to semi-aquatic, and found in deep ponds and reservoirs in central Chile and possibly adjacent west-central Argentina. This very large toad typically weighs up to 0.5–1 kg, but sometimes considerably more. It's the world's second largest frog after the Goliath frog. It is threatened by capture for human consumption, habitat loss, pollution, introduced species and the disease chytridiomycosis. It is often kept in herpetoculture; mostly locally where farmed for food, but also in other countries as a pet.
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Calyptocephalella
Chilean seaside cinclodes
Chilean seaside cinclodes
The Chilean seaside cinclodes is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to rocky shorelines in Chile. Some authorities include the Peruvian seaside cinclodes as a subspecies while others list it as a separate species. The ranges of the two do not overlap.
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Chilean seaside cinclodes
Juan Fernández tit-tyrant
Juan Fernández tit-tyrant
The Juan Fernández tit-tyrant is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is endemic to the Juan Fernández Islands in the South Pacific Ocean off Chile. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, rural gardens, and urban areas. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Juan Fernández tit-tyrant
Moustached turca
Moustached turca
The moustached turca is a passerine bird which is endemic to Chile. It belongs to the tapaculo group and is a member of the genus Pteroptochos, along with the two species of Huet-huet.
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Moustached turca
Crag chilia
Crag chilia
The crag chilia is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae . It is endemic to Chile.
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Crag chilia
Juan Fernández firecrown
Juan Fernández firecrown
The Juan Fernández firecrown is a hummingbird found today solely on Isla Róbinson Crusoe, one of the three-island Juan Fernández archipelago belonging to Chile. It is non-migratory and shares the island with its smaller relative the green-backed firecrown .
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Juan Fernández firecrown
Slender-billed parakeet
Slender-billed parakeet
The slender-billed parakeet, also called the long-billed parakeet, is a medium size South American parrot. It belongs to the smaller long-tailed Arinae . It is known by the local common name choroy.
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Slender-billed parakeet
Chilean tinamou
Chilean tinamou
The Chilean tinamou is a type of tinamou commonly found in high altitude shrubland in subtropical regions of central Chile.
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Chilean tinamou
Chilean woodstar
Chilean woodstar
The Chilean woodstar is a small bird in the hummingbird family, Trochilidae. It is restricted to northernmost Chile with reports from southern Peru. Its natural habitats are dry shrubland and rural gardens. It is threatened by habitat loss and is classed as a critically endangered species. It is usually classified in its own genus Eulidia, but is sometimes placed with the purple-collared woodstar in the genus Myrtis. In 2013, it was classed as ...
endangered, but recently, it was classed as critically endangered by the IUCN Red List.
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Chilean woodstar
Masafuera rayadito
Masafuera rayadito
The Masafuera rayadito is a rare bird endemic to Alejandro Selkirk Island in the Juan Fernández Islands. The species is a member of the ovenbird family and only one of two species in the rayadito genus. The species' natural habitat is humid montane scrub, dominated by tree ferns and ferns between 800–1300 m above sea level .
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Masafuera rayadito
De Filippi's petrel
De Filippi's petrel
De Filippi's petrel or the Masatierra petrel, is a species of seabird in the family Procellariidae. It is endemic to Chile where it nests in the Juan Fernández Islands and Desventuradas Islands. Its natural habitats are open seas and rocky shores.
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De Filippi's petrel
White-throated tapaculo
White-throated tapaculo
The white-throated tapaculo is a species of bird in the family Rhinocryptidae. It is endemic to Chile.
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White-throated tapaculo
Telmatobufo bullocki
Telmatobufo bullocki
Telmatobufo bullocki is a species of frog in the family Calyptocephalellidae. It is endemic to Chile, and is only known from a few locations in the Cordillera de Nahuelbuta, a part of the Chilean Coast Range. It is extremely rare; extensive fieldwork in 1992–2002 turned up only a single adult. It occurs in fast-flowing streams in temperate Nothofagus forest. The tadpoles are free-swimming and feed on algae growing on submerged rocks. It is t ...
hreatened by siltation of streams caused by clear-cutting. It occurs within the Nahuelbuta National Park.
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Telmatobufo bullocki
Telmatobufo venustus
Telmatobufo venustus
Telmatobufo venustus is a species of frog in the family Calyptocephalellidae. It is endemic to Chile and occurs on the western slopes of the Andes in Maule and Bío Bío Regions. Its natural habitats are streams in temperate Nothofagus forests where it is found under rocks along the streams. The only stable population is in the Altos de Lircay National Reserve in Maule. The only other localities, both in the Bío Bío Region, are its type locality in ...
Chillan, where it was not found in 2014, and Ralco where it was last observed in 1981. It is threatened by habitat loss caused by fires, conversion of native habitat to pine and eucalyptus plantations, and in Ralco, hydropower dams. Trout in Altos de Lircay are also a threat.
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Telmatobufo venustus
Rhinella atacamensis
Rhinella atacamensis
Rhinella atacamensis, sometimes called the Vallenar toad or Atacama toad, is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Chile and occurs between Paposo and Las Chilcas . It inhabits the desert Pacific coastal region with Mediterranean influences and is found in and near oases and streams. Breeding takes place in permanent pools, streams, and rivers. While abundant at a few sites, it has declined overall and gone locally extinct ...
at some sites. Threats to this species include extensive droughts and water pollution as well as extraction of surface water, mining, agriculture, livestock farming, and timber plantations.
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Rhinella atacamensis
Insuetophrynus
Insuetophrynus
Insuetophrynus is a monotypic genus of frogs in the family Rhinodermatidae. The sole species is Insuetophrynus acarpicus, also known as Barrio's frog. It is endemic to Chile and only known from few localities on the Valdivian Coast Range between Chanchán in the Los Ríos Region in the south and Queule and Colequal Alto in the north; the fourth locality is Mehuín, which is the type locality. The altitudinal range is 50–486 m asl.
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Insuetophrynus
Rhinella arunco
Rhinella arunco
Rhinella arunco is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae that is endemic to Chile. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, rivers, intermittent rivers, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, water storage areas, ponds, aquaculture ponds, open excavations, and irrigated land. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Rhinella arunco
Alsodes verrucosus
Alsodes verrucosus
Alsodes verrucosus is a species of frog in the family Alsodidae. It is found in the Andes of Chile and Neuquén and Río Negro Provinces, Argentina. These frogs inhabit temperate Nothofagus forest where they occur under logs and near damp areas. Tadpoles develop in cold, deep streams. It is threatened by habitat loss caused by logging.
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Alsodes verrucosus
Alsodes australis
Alsodes australis
Alsodes australis is a species of frog in the family Alsodidae found in western Argentina and eastern Chile from 46°25′S to 42°25′N. Its natural habitat is cold mountain streams of austral temperate Nothofagus forest. A potential threat to this species are introduced predatory salmonid fishes, but so far little is known about its population status.
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Alsodes australis
Alsodes tumultuosus
Alsodes tumultuosus
Alsodes tumultuosus is a species of frog in the family Alsodidae. It is endemic to Farellones in central Chile. Its natural habitats are temperate grassland and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Alsodes tumultuosus
Alsodes monticola
Alsodes monticola
Alsodes monticola is a species of frog in the family Alsodidae. It is found in southern Chile and western Santa Cruz Province, Argentina, though its presence in Argentina is disputed. Its habitat preferences are not known, but the region of the type locality has tundra and islands of Nothofagus forest.
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Alsodes monticola
Telmatobius philippii
Telmatobius philippii
Telmatobius philippii is a species of frog in the family Telmatobiidae. It is endemic to Chile. Its natural habitat is rivers.
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Telmatobius philippii
Alsodes nodosus
Alsodes nodosus
Alsodes nodosus is a species of frog in the family Alsodidae endemic to central Chile; records from Argentina are not considered valid.
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Alsodes nodosus
Alsodes norae
Alsodes norae
Alsodes norae is a species of frog in the family Alsodidae endemic to the Chilean Coast Range in the Valdivia Province, Chile. It is only known from the type series collected from a temperate Nothofagus forest. The threats are not formally known but it may be ongoing deforestation, however, the species may be protected by Oncol Park.
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Alsodes norae
Eupsophus insularis
Eupsophus insularis
Eupsophus insularis is a critically endangered species of frog in the family Alsodidae. It is endemic to Mocha Island in Chile, where found in temperate mixed forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Eupsophus insularis
Alsodes valdiviensis
Alsodes valdiviensis
Alsodes valdiviensis is a species of frogs in the family Alsodidae. It is endemic to Chile and only known from its type locality, Cerro Mirador in the Cordillera Pelada, Valdivia Province. The specific name refers to this province.
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Alsodes valdiviensis
Alsodes igneus
Alsodes igneus
Alsodes igneus is a species of frogs in the family Alsodidae endemic to Chile; it is only known from its type locality, Tolhuaca National Park, Malleco Province, on the western slopes of the Andes. The specific name igneus, meaning "something that is of fire", was chosen to symbolize the survival of the population from a great forest fire that affected the type locality in 2000.
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Alsodes igneus
Alsodes montanus
Alsodes montanus
Alsodes montanus is a species of frog in the family Alsodidae found in Chile and possibly Argentina. Its natural habitats are temperate shrubland and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Alsodes montanus
Alsodes vittatus
Alsodes vittatus
Alsodes vittatus is a species of frog in the family Alsodidae. It is endemic to Chile and only known from its type locality, San Ignacio de Pemehue, Malleco Province. It may be threatened by habitat loss through pine plantations and it is not known from any protected areas. It has not been seen since its discovery and searches in 1995, 1996 and 2002 failed to find it.
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Alsodes vittatus
Batrachyla nibaldoi
Batrachyla nibaldoi
Batrachyla nibaldoi is a species of frog in the family Batrachylidae. It is endemic to Chile and known from the Los Lagos and Aysén Regions between Villa O'Higgins in the south and Kent and Melchor Islands in the north; there is a record from Alao Island further north but this might represent Batrachyla taeniata. The specific name nibaldoi honors Nibaldo Bahamonde, Chilean marine biologist, in recognition of his "remarkable contribution to the ...
development of the zoology in Chile". Common name Nibaldo's wood frog has been coined for it.
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Batrachyla nibaldoi
Callopistes maculatus
Callopistes maculatus
Callopistes maculatus, also known as the dwarf tegu, Chilean dwarf tegu, spotted false monitor or Chilean iguana, is a species of lizard in the family Teiidae. It is endemic to Chile.
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Callopistes maculatus
Liolaemus nitidus
Liolaemus nitidus
Liolaemus nitidus is a species of lizard in the family Iguanidae. It is endemic to Chile, notably within the Chilean matorral ecoregion.
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Liolaemus nitidus
Philodryas chamissonis
Philodryas chamissonis
Philodryas chamissonis, commonly known as the long-tailed snake, is a species of moderately venomous opisthoglyphous snake in the family Colubridae. The species is native to South America.
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Philodryas chamissonis
Liolaemus leopardinus
Liolaemus leopardinus
Liolaemus leopardinus is a species of lizard in the family Iguanidae. It is endemic to Chile.
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Liolaemus leopardinus
Pristidactylus valeriae
Pristidactylus valeriae
Pristidactylus valeriae is a species of lizard in the family Leiosauridae. The species is endemic to Chile, and particularly to the Chilean matorral.
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Pristidactylus valeriae
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