Endemic Animals of Greece








Kri-kri
Kri-kri
The kri-kri, sometimes called the Cretan goat, Agrimi, or Cretan Ibex, is a feral goat inhabiting the Eastern Mediterranean, previously considered a subspecies of wild goat. The kri-kri is now found only on the island of Crete, Greece and three small islands just offshore .
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Kri-kri
Felis attica
Felis attica
Felis attica is an extinct cat, of which the first fossil skull was excavated near Pikermi in Attica, Greece. Fossils were also excavated near the Moldovan city of Taraclia. It was also discovered in Maragheh, northwestern Iran. F. attica was bigger in body size than a European wildcat but probably smaller than a serval. Due to size differences, it was proposed as type species for the genus Pristifelis proposed in 2012.
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Felis attica
Macrovipera schweizeri
Macrovipera schweizeri
Common names: Milos viper, Cyclades blunt-nosed viper. Macrovipera schweizeri is a species of venomous snake in the family Viperidae. The species is endemic to the Cyclades Archipelago in the Aegean sea. No subspecies are currently recognized.
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Macrovipera schweizeri
Cretan wildcat
Cretan wildcat
The Cretan wildcat is a member of the genus Felis that inhabits the Greek island of Crete. Its taxonomic status is unclear at present, as some biologists consider it probably introduced, or a European wildcat, or a hybrid between European wildcat and domestic cat . Felis silvestris cretensis was proposed as scientific name for the Cretan wildcat in 1953 by Theodor Haltenorth. He described two cat skins that were purchased in a bazaar in Chania ...
and resembled a skin of an African wildcat, but with a bushy tail like a European wildcat. In the 1980s, Colin Groves measured and assessed zoological specimens of cats that originated in the Mediterranean islands. He concluded that the two cat skins from Crete differed from true wildcat specimens and therefore considered them feral cats.
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Cretan wildcat
Aquila chrysaetos simurgh
Aquila chrysaetos simurgh
Aquila chrysaetos simurgh is an extinct subspecies of the widespread golden eagle. Fossils are found in Crete; it was sometimes evaluated as a full species.
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Aquila chrysaetos simurgh
Branta thessaliensis
Branta thessaliensis
Branta thessaliensis is a prehistoric species of black goose known from fossils found in Greece. It is among the earliest known members of its genus.
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Branta thessaliensis
Lyciasalamandra helverseni
Lyciasalamandra helverseni
Lyciasalamandra helverseni, the Karpathos salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Salamandridae found only in Greece. Its natural habitats are Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation and rocky areas.
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Lyciasalamandra helverseni
Peloponnese slowworm
Peloponnese slowworm
The Peloponnese slowworm is a species of lizard in the family Anguidae endemic to Greece. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, temperate shrubland, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, temperate grassland, arable land, pastureland, plantations, and rural gardens.
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Peloponnese slowworm
Greek rock lizard
Greek rock lizard
The Greek rock lizard is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. Endemic to Greece, its natural habitats are temperate forests, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, rocky areas, and pastureland. It is threatened by habitat loss.The International Union for Conservation of Nature has listed it as being "near threatened".
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Greek rock lizard
Vipera ammodytes meridionalis
Vipera ammodytes meridionalis
Common names: eastern sand viper. Vipera ammodytes meridionalis is a venomous viper subspecies endemic to Greece and Turkish Thrace.
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Vipera ammodytes meridionalis
Peloponnese wall lizard
Peloponnese wall lizard
The Peloponnese wall lizard is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. It is endemic to the Peloponnese region of southern Greece. Its natural habitats are Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, rocky areas, arable land, pastureland, plantations, and rural gardens.
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Peloponnese wall lizard
Milos wall lizard
Milos wall lizard
The Milos wall lizard is a small Mediterranean lizard.
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Milos wall lizard
Skyros wall lizard
Skyros wall lizard
The Skyros wall lizard is a species of lizards in the family Lacertidae. The species is endemic to the islands of Skyros and Piperi, Greece.
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Skyros wall lizard
Podarcis cretensis
Podarcis cretensis
Podarcis cretensis, the Cretan wall lizard, is a species of lacertid lizard endemic to Crete .
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Podarcis cretensis
Greek algyroides
Greek algyroides
The Greek algyroides is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae.
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Greek algyroides
Podarcis levendis
Podarcis levendis
Podarcis levendis is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. It is endemic to Greece.
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Podarcis levendis
Cretan shrew
Cretan shrew
The Cretan shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic and exclusive to the island of Crete, Greece. Its natural habitat is temperate shrubland, and the animal is threatened by habitat loss. It is found in the mountainous highlands of Crete, having been displaced from lower altitudes by the lesser white-toothed shrew .
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Cretan shrew
Crete spiny mouse
Crete spiny mouse
The Crete spiny mouse is a species of mouse endemic to Crete. It is characterized by the coarse, stiff hairs on its back and tail and a notably grayer coloration and more pointed face than other species of spiny mice. Its fur color varies from yellow to red, gray or brown on its face and back, with white fur on its underside. It is a nocturnal forager, feeding mainly on grass blades and seeds, and builds only a very rudimentary nest.
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Crete spiny mouse
Oxychilus amaltheae
Oxychilus amaltheae
Oxychilus amaltheae is a species of small air-breathing land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Oxychilidae, the glass snails. This species is endemic to Greece.
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Oxychilus amaltheae
Mangelia secreta
Mangelia secreta
Mangelia secreta is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mangeliidae.
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Mangelia secreta
Vitreolina curva
Vitreolina curva
Vitreolina curva is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Eulimidae. The species is one of a number within the genus Vitreolina .
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Vitreolina curva