Endemic Animals of Italy








Marsican brown bear
Marsican brown bear
The Marsican brown bear, also known as the "Apennine brown bear", and orso bruno marsicano in Italian, is a critically endangered population or subspecies of the Eurasian brown bear, with a range restricted to the Parco Nazionale d'Abruzzo, Lazio e Molise, and the surrounding region in Italy. The Marsican brown bear differs slightly from other brown bears in its appearance and hibernation techniques. The bear’s popular name is derived from M ...
arsica, a historic area of the modern-day region of Abruzzo where the bear has long had a significant presence. With their existence dwindling, the Italian government has recently begun to stress their conservation. The park has become a sanctuary dedicated to animals such as the Marsican brown bear, with hopes of rekindling the large, yet isolative bears’ once-thriving existence. In recent years, more conservation groups have tried to help this bear. Debate exists as to whether it should be considered a subspecies or a taxon of its own.
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Marsican brown bear
Pecten jacobaeus
Pecten jacobaeus
Pecten jacobaeus, the Mediterranean scallop, is a species of scallop, an edible saltwater scallop, a marine bivalve mollusc in the family Pectinidae, the scallops.
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Pecten jacobaeus
Sicilian wolf
Sicilian wolf
The Sicilian wolf is an extinct subspecies of the gray wolf that was endemic to Sicily. It was paler than the mainland Italian wolf and comparable in size to the extant Arabian wolf and extinct Japanese wolf. The subspecies reportedly went extinct due to human persecution in the 1920s, though there were several possible sightings up to the 1970s. It was identified as a distinct subspecies in 2018 through morphological examinations of the few ...
remaining mounted specimens and skulls, as well as mtDNA analyses.
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Sicilian wolf
Apennine yellow-bellied toad
Apennine yellow-bellied toad
The Apennine yellow-bellied toad is a species of toad in the family Bombinatoridae endemic to Italy. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, temperate grassland, swamps, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, arable land, pastureland, ponds, open excavations, irrigated land, and seasonally flooded agricultural land. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Apennine yellow-bellied toad
Spectacled salamander
Spectacled salamander
The spectacled salamander is a species of salamander in the family Salamandridae.
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Spectacled salamander
Italian tree frog
Italian tree frog
The Italian tree frog is a species of frog in the family Hylidae, found in Italy, Slovenia, Switzerland, and possibly San Marino. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, rivers, intermittent rivers, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, arable land, and urban areas. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Italian tree frog
Italian newt
Italian newt
The Italian newt is a species of salamander in the family Salamandridae found only in Italy. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, temperate shrubland, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, freshwater lakes, intermittent freshwater lakes, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, arable land, pastureland, rural gardens, water storage areas, ponds, and canals and ditches. It is threatened by habitat loss. It was formerly known ...
as Triturus italicus, but was relocated to the genus Lissotriton after Triturus was split.
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Italian newt
Sardinian brook salamander
Sardinian brook salamander
The Sardinian brook salamander or Sardinian mountain newt is a species of salamander in the family Salamandridae found only in Sardinia, Italy.
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Sardinian brook salamander
Sicilian wall lizard
Sicilian wall lizard
The Sicilian wall lizard is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. Endemic to Italy, it occurs in Sicily and the Aegadian Islands. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, temperate shrubland, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, temperate grassland, arable land, pastureland, and rural gardens. The IUCN does not consider it to be a threatened species. Three subspecies are recognized: P. w. antoninoi, P. w. marettimensis, and P. w. ...
waglerianus.
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Sicilian wall lizard
Italian Aesculapian snake
Italian Aesculapian snake
The Italian Aesculapian snake is a species of snake in the Colubridae family.
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Italian Aesculapian snake
Aeolian wall lizard
Aeolian wall lizard
The Aeolian wall lizard, also known commonly as Raffone's wall lizard, is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. The species is endemic to Italy.
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Aeolian wall lizard
Vipera aspis hugyi
Vipera aspis hugyi
Common names: Southern Italian asp, South-Italian asp viper, more. Vipera aspis hugyi is a venomous viper subspecies endemic to southern Italy.
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Vipera aspis hugyi
Santo Stefano lizard
Santo Stefano lizard
The Santo Stefano lizard lived on Santo Stefano Island, a small island near Ventotene in the Tyrrhenian sea off the west coast of Italy, and part of the Pontine Islands. It became extinct in 1965, probably caused by feral cats and a snake species. These animals destroyed almost the whole population and any survivors seem to have interbred with an introduced subspecies. An epidemic of an unknown pathogen that followed wiped out the majority of ...
the population and contributed to this subspecies' extinction.
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Santo Stefano lizard
Coronella austriaca fitzingeri
Coronella austriaca fitzingeri
Coronella austriaca fitzingeri is a subspecies of the snake Coronella austriaca . It lives in southern Italy and Sicily.
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Coronella austriaca fitzingeri
Calabrian black squirrel
Calabrian black squirrel
The Calabrian black squirrel is a species of tree squirrel in the genus Sciurus, endemic to the forests of the regions of Calabria and Basilicata, in the south of the Italian Peninsula.
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Calabrian black squirrel
Sardinian lynx
Sardinian lynx
The Sardinian lynx with the scientific name Lynx sardiniae was proposed by the Italian biologist Pasquale Mola in 1908 for two zoological specimens of a cat from Nuoro in Sardinia that were part of the zoological collection of the University of Sassari. These specimens were reassessed in 1911 by Alessandro Ghigi who identified them as Sardinian wildcats . Gighi's assessment was corroborated in 1981 by an Italian biologist who examined the still ...
available mounted specimen initially described by Mola.
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Sardinian lynx
Sardinian long-eared bat
Sardinian long-eared bat
The Sardinian long-eared bat is a species of bat endemic to Sardinia, Italy. This species was discovered in 2002 in the caves of central Sardinia, the type locality being a cave in Lanaitto's Valley in the Oliena District. It appears to be closely related to Plecotus auritus and Plecotus alpinus. It was identified as a new species by a study clearly showing divergence from other Plecotus species in its mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene.
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Sardinian long-eared bat
Roman mole
Roman mole
The Roman mole is a species of mammal in the family Talpidae. It is found in southern Italy. It was last recorded on Sicily in 1885. There is also an unconfirmed report about an isolated subpopulation in the Var region of southern France.
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Roman mole
Maremman boar
Maremman boar
The Maremman boar is a subspecies of wild boar native to Maremma in Central Italy. It is much smaller than the Central European boar and the two subspecies have been interbred on farms.
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Maremman boar
Apennine shrew
Apennine shrew
The Apennine shrew is a species of shrew in the family Soricidae. The mammal is endemic to Italy.
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Apennine shrew
Sicilian shrew
Sicilian shrew
The Sicilian shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is found in Sicily and Gozo . Its natural habitat is temperate shrubland.
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Sicilian shrew
Calabria pine vole
Calabria pine vole
The Calabria pine vole is a vole found in southern and central Italy initially described by Lehmann as a subspecies of M. savii. Genetic tests in the Calabrian region found, although similar, the X chromosome is larger than that of samples of M. savii found elsewhere in Italy and the Y chromosome is twice the size, leading Galleni in 1994 to designate M. brachycercus as a separate species.
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Calabria pine vole
Macaca majori
Macaca majori
Macaca majori, commonly known as the dwarf macaque, is a prehistoric macaque from the Early Pleistocene of Sardinia, Italy.
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Macaca majori
Globicephala etruriae
Globicephala etruriae
Globicephala etruriae is an extinct species of pilot whale from the Pliocene of Italy. The type specimen was found in the Piacenzian coastal claystone at Volterra. It was named in 1987 by G. Pilleri.
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Globicephala etruriae
Chtenopteryx sicula
Chtenopteryx sicula
Chtenopteryx sicula, also known as the comb-finned squid or toothed-fin squid, is a species of squid native to at least the Mediterranean Sea. It is characterised by several distinct morphological features: ocular photophores are present but visceral photophores are absent, arm suckers are arranged in at least 4 series distally, and club suckers are borne in more than 8 series.
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Chtenopteryx sicula
Granulina boucheti
Granulina boucheti
Granulina boucheti is a species of minute sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Granulinidae.
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Granulina boucheti
Bela plagisculpta
Bela plagisculpta
Bela plagisculpta is an extinct species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mangeliidae.
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Bela plagisculpta
Mangelia ossea
Mangelia ossea
Mangelia ossea is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mangeliidae.
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Mangelia ossea
Trinchesia ilonae
Trinchesia ilonae
Trinchesia ilonae is a species of sea slug, an aeolid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Trinchesiidae.
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Trinchesia ilonae