Endemic Animals of Jamaica








Red-billed streamertail
Red-billed streamertail
The red-billed streamertail, also known as the doctor bird, scissor-tail or scissors tail hummingbird, is indigenous to Jamaica, where it is the most abundant and widespread member of the hummingbird family. While most authorities now consider it a separate species, some continue to consider it conspecific with the black-billed streamertail. The red-billed streamertail is the national bird of Jamaica. When the black-billed streamertail of ...
eastern Jamaica is considered a separate species, the red-billed streamertail occurs west of a line from Morant Bay following the Morant River, and via Ginger House and the middle Rio Grande to Port Antonio. These birds feed on nectar from flowers using a long extendable tongue or catch small insects on the wing. The next-to-outermost rectrices of the male are 15–18 centimetres long, far longer than its bearer's body. Females lack the elongated rectrices, and are largely white below. Adult males in flight produce a distinctive whirring flight sound. The whirring is synchronised with the wingbeats and video footage shows primary feather eight bending with each downstroke, creating a gap that produces the fluttering sound. Bird sound other than via vocal organs is referred to as sonation.
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Red-billed streamertail
Jamaican boa
Jamaican boa
The Jamaican boa or yellow snake is a non-venomous boa species endemic to Jamaica. No subspecies are currently recognized.
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Jamaican boa
Jamaican iguana
Jamaican iguana
The Jamaican iguana is a large species of lizard in the family Iguanidae. The species is endemic to Jamaica. It is the largest native land animal in Jamaica, and is critically endangered, even considered extinct between 1948 and 1990. Once found throughout Jamaica and on the offshore islets Great Goat Island and Little Goat Island, it is now confined to the forests of the Hellshire Hills.
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Jamaican iguana
Jamaican red macaw
Jamaican red macaw
The Jamaican red macaw is a hypothetical species of parrot in the family Psittacidae that lived on Jamaica.
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Jamaican red macaw
Jamaican crow
Jamaican crow
The Jamaican crow is a comparatively small corvid . It shares several key morphological features with two other West Indian species, the Cuban crow and the white-necked crow of Hispaniola, which are very closely related to it.
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Jamaican crow
Yellow-billed amazon
Yellow-billed amazon
The yellow-billed amazon, also called the Jamaican amazon, is a species of parrot in the family Psittacidae. It is a predominantly green parrot with a short tail and pink throat and neck. It is endemic to Jamaica, where its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, plantations, and rural gardens. It is threatened by habitat loss and ...
illegal trapping of wild birds for the pet trade. The yellow-billed amazon was one of the many species originally described by Carl Linnaeus in his landmark 1758 10th edition of Systema Naturae.
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Yellow-billed amazon
Jamaican tody
Jamaican tody
The Jamaican tody is a member of the genus, Todus, which is composed of five species restricted to Greater Antilles. All five species are very similar morphologically. Local names for the Jamaican tody include rasta bird, robin and robin redbreast. The Jamaican tody is a small, chunky bird that averages about 9 cm in size. The average weight of the Jamaican tody is around 6.4 grams. They have a bright green head, red throat and a long, broad and ...
flat red bill. They look very similar to the Puerto Rican tody but have a whitish breast that is blended with green, becoming even slightly yellow on the abdomen and under tail-coverts. The Jamaican tody also has blue-gray subauricular feathers. Their legs and feet are reddish brown. The Jamaican tody is endemic to Jamaica. They are found all around the island and can be seen near the semi-arid coast or in the humid mountains. Their eggs are laid in unlined chambers near the end of their burrows, which are holes created in the soil on top of the hard, limestone habitats. They lay between 1 and 4 white eggs during their breeding season which lasts from December to July. They nearly entirely feed on insects and the larvae of insects but will occasionally eat fruit as well. According to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the Jamaican tody is classified as least concern.
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Jamaican tody
Jamaican mango
Jamaican mango
The Jamaican mango is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It is endemic to Jamaica. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and heavily degraded former forest. Although it has a limited range, it is not considered endangered, as its numbers are not decreasing.
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Jamaican mango
Black-billed streamertail
Black-billed streamertail
The black-billed streamertail is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It is endemic to eastern Jamaica. It is sometimes considered a subspecies of Trochilus polytmus.
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Black-billed streamertail
Crested quail-dove
Crested quail-dove
The crested quail-dove is a species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is endemic to Jamaica.
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Crested quail-dove
Jamaican lizard cuckoo
Jamaican lizard cuckoo
The Jamaican lizard cuckoo is a species of cuckoo in the family Cuculidae. It is endemic to Jamaica. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest.
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Jamaican lizard cuckoo
Orangequit
Orangequit
The orangequit is a species of passerine bird in the tanager family Thraupidae and is the only member of the genus Euneornis. It is endemic to Jamaica where its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest.
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Orangequit
Jamaican euphonia
Jamaican euphonia
The Jamaican euphonia is a species of bird in the family Fringillidae. It is endemic to Jamaica. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and heavily degraded former forest.
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Jamaican euphonia
Jamaican becard
Jamaican becard
The Jamaican becard is a species of bird in the family Tityridae. Its genus, Pachyramphus, has traditionally been placed in Cotingidae or Tyrannidae, but evidence strongly suggest it is better placed in Tityridae.
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Jamaican becard
Yellow-shouldered grassquit
Yellow-shouldered grassquit
The yellow-shouldered grassquit is a species of bird in the tanager family Thraupidae that is endemic to Jamaica. It is the only member of the genus Loxipasser. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical moist montane forest, and heavily degraded former forest.
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Yellow-shouldered grassquit
Black-billed amazon
Black-billed amazon
The black-billed amazon is a parrot endemic to Jamaica. Sometimes called the black-billed parrot, this amazon parrot is mostly green with small patches of red on the wing and sometimes flecked on the head. Its bill makes it easy to separate from most other amazons, including the yellow-billed amazon, which also lives in Jamaica. It is the smallest Amazona parrot at 25 cm .
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Black-billed amazon
Jamaican owl
Jamaican owl
The Jamaican owl is a medium-sized owl that is endemic to the island of Jamaica.
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Jamaican owl
Jamaican blackbird
Jamaican blackbird
The Jamaican blackbird is a species of bird in the New World blackbird and oriole family Icteridae. It is the only species in the genus Nesopsar. The species has sometimes been included in the genus Agelaius, but molecular systematics have shown it not be closely related to any living New World blackbird or grackle. The species is endemic to Jamaica, where it is restricted to Cockpit Country, some central areas and the Blue and John Crow ...
Mountains.
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Jamaican blackbird
Red-headed macaw
Red-headed macaw
The red-headed macaw or Jamaican green-and-yellow macaw may have been a species of parrot in the family Psittacidae that lived in Jamaica, but its existence is hypothetical.
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Red-headed macaw
Jamaican woodpecker
Jamaican woodpecker
The Jamaican woodpecker is a species of bird in the family Picidae. It is endemic to Jamaica. It is known locally simply as "woodpecker." Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest.
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Jamaican woodpecker
Arrowhead warbler
Arrowhead warbler
The arrowhead warbler is a species of bird in the family Parulidae. It is endemic to Jamaica. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.
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Arrowhead warbler
Sad flycatcher
Sad flycatcher
The sad flycatcher is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is endemic to Jamaica. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and heavily degraded former forest.
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Sad flycatcher
Chestnut-bellied cuckoo
Chestnut-bellied cuckoo
The chestnut-bellied cuckoo is a species of cuckoo in the family Cuculidae. The monotypic genus Hyetornis was dissolved by the American Ornithologists' Union, but this is not universally accepted. It is endemic to Jamaica. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and heavily degraded former forest.
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Chestnut-bellied cuckoo
White-chinned thrush
White-chinned thrush
The white-chinned thrush is a species of bird in the family Turdidae. It is found in Jamaica. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and heavily degraded former forest.
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White-chinned thrush
Jamaican wood rail
Jamaican wood rail
The Jamaican wood rail, also called the Jamaican uniform rail was a subspecies of the uniform rail found on Jamaica. It became extinct circa 1881.
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Jamaican wood rail
Jamaican spindalis
Jamaican spindalis
The Jamaican spindalis is a species of bird formerly in the family Thraupidae. It is endemic to Jamaica.
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Jamaican spindalis
Blue Mountain vireo
Blue Mountain vireo
The Blue Mountain vireo is a species of bird in the family Vireonidae. It is endemic to Jamaica. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, plantations, and heavily degraded former forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Blue Mountain vireo
Jamaican vireo
Jamaican vireo
The Jamaican vireo is a species of bird in the family Vireonidae. It is endemic to Jamaica. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical moist montane forest, and heavily degraded former forest.
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Jamaican vireo
Rufous-tailed flycatcher
Rufous-tailed flycatcher
The rufous-tailed flycatcher is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in Jamaica. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and heavily degraded former forest.
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Rufous-tailed flycatcher
Jamaican elaenia
Jamaican elaenia
The Jamaican elaenia is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is endemic to Jamaica. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and heavily degraded former forest.
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Jamaican elaenia
Jamaican pewee
Jamaican pewee
The Jamaican pewee is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is endemic to Jamaica. It was formerly regarded as a subspecies of the Greater Antillean pewee .
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Jamaican pewee
White-eyed thrush
White-eyed thrush
The white-eyed thrush is a species of bird in the family Turdidae. It is found in Jamaica. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and heavily degraded former forest.
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White-eyed thrush
Jamaican laughing frog
Jamaican laughing frog
The Jamaican laughing frog is a species of frog in the family Hylidae. It is endemic to Jamaica. Other common names include Savanna-la-Mar treefrog.
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Jamaican laughing frog
Jamaican snoring frog
Jamaican snoring frog
The Jamaican snoring frog, or Harlan's Antilles frog, is a species of frog in the family Hylidae endemic to central Jamaica. Its natural habitats are mesic broadleaf woods and forests with large dead trees. It can be found on tree trunks and in bromeliads; males call from hollows in branches and bromeliads. Eggs are laid in bromeliads. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Jamaican snoring frog
Eleutherodactylus sisyphodemus
Eleutherodactylus sisyphodemus
Eleutherodactylus sisyphodemus is a species of frog in the family Eleutherodactylidae endemic to Jamaica. It is only known from its type locality, in Cockpit Country. Its natural habitat is low-elevation wet forest on limestone. It lives in heavy leaf-litter. It requires undisturbed forested habitat, and is threatened by habitat loss.
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Eleutherodactylus sisyphodemus
Green bromeliad frog
Green bromeliad frog
The green bromeliad frog, or Wilder's treefrog, is a species of frog in the family Hylidae endemic to Jamaica. Its natural habitats are closed-canopy forests where it occurs in terrestrial and arboreal bromeliads. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Green bromeliad frog
Yellow bromeliad frog
Yellow bromeliad frog
The yellow bromeliad frog, or Spaldings tree frog, is a species of frog in the family Hylidae endemic to central Jamaica. Its natural habitats are old-growth pine and deciduous forests where it is found in bromeliads. Eggs are also laid in bromeliads. It is threatened by habitat loss .
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Yellow bromeliad frog
Eleutherodactylus alticola
Eleutherodactylus alticola
Eleutherodactylus alticola is a species of frog in the family Eleutherodactylidae endemic to Jamaica. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Eleutherodactylus alticola
Eleutherodactylus cavernicola
Eleutherodactylus cavernicola
Eleutherodactylus cavernicola is a species of frog in the family Eleutherodactylidae endemic to Jamaica. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and caves. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Eleutherodactylus cavernicola
Eleutherodactylus fuscus
Eleutherodactylus fuscus
Eleutherodactylus fuscus is a species of frog in the family Eleutherodactylidae endemic to Jamaica. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and rocky areas. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Eleutherodactylus fuscus
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