Endemic Animals of Panama








Pygmy three-toed sloth
Pygmy three-toed sloth
The pygmy three-toed sloth, also known as the monk sloth or dwarf sloth, is a sloth endemic to Isla Escudo de Veraguas, a small island off the Caribbean coast of Panama. The species was first described by Robert P. Anderson of the University of Kansas and Charles O. Handley Jr., of the Smithsonian Institution in 2001. The pygmy three-toed sloth is significantly smaller than the other three members of its genus, but otherwise resembles the ...
brown-throated three-toed sloth. According to Anderson and Handley Jr., the head-and-body length is between 48 and 53 centimetres, and the body mass ranges from 2.5 to 3.5 kg . This sloth, like other sloths, is arboreal and feeds on leaves. It has a body adapted to hang by its limbs; the large curved claws help the sloth to keep a strong grip on tree branches. It lives high in the canopy but descends once a week to defecate on the forest floor. It is symbiotically associated with green algae, that can provide it with a camouflage. Details of mating behavior and reproduction have not been documented. The pygmy three-toed sloth is found exclusively in the red mangroves of Isla Escudos de Veraguas, restricted to an area of 4.3 square kilometres . A 2012 census of pygmy three-toed sloths estimated the total population at 79. The IUCN lists the pygmy three-toed sloth as critically endangered and they are listed on the world's 100 most threatened species.
Discover more
Pygmy three-toed sloth
Panamanian golden frog
Panamanian golden frog
The Panamanian golden frog, also known as Cerro Campana stubfoot toad and other names, is a species of toad endemic to Panama. Panamanian golden frogs inhabit the streams along the mountainous slopes of the Cordilleran cloud forests of west-central Panama. While the IUCN lists it as critically endangered, it may in fact have been extinct in the wild since 2007. Individuals have been collected for breeding in captivity in a bid to preserve the ...
species. The alternative common name, Zetek's golden frog, and the epithet zeteki both commemorate the entomologist James Zetek.
Discover more
Panamanian golden frog
Stripe-cheeked woodpecker
Stripe-cheeked woodpecker
The stripe-cheeked woodpecker is a species of woodpecker endemic to Panama. The males are an orangish-brown above with an olive barred yellowish rump, an olive chest and throat with white spots, and dull yellow underparts. Its crown, nape and moustachial region is a bright red and it has a white streak on the lower cheek. Females are similar to the males, but have a dark grey crown and moustachial region. It is uncommon in humid forests in the ...
Panamanian foothills. These woodpeckers are generally quiet and inconspicuous and forage either alone or in pairs in the low or middle level of trees.
Discover more
Stripe-cheeked woodpecker
Panamanian tyrannulet
Panamanian tyrannulet
The Panamanian tyrannulet or yellow-green tyrannulet is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is endemic to Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
Discover more
Panamanian tyrannulet
Glow-throated hummingbird
Glow-throated hummingbird
The glow-throated hummingbird is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It is native to the Talamancan montane forests of western Panama and generally is found along edge habitats.
Discover more
Glow-throated hummingbird
Veraguan mango
Veraguan mango
The Veraguan mango is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It is found in Panama and recently in Costa Rica. It was considered conspecific with the Green-breasted Mango but was separated due to morphological and geographical differences in 1995.
Discover more
Veraguan mango
Azuero dove
Azuero dove
The Azuero dove or brown-backed dove is a species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is endemic to Panama.
Discover more
Azuero dove
Coiba spinetail
Coiba spinetail
The Coiba spinetail is a Furnariid endemic to Coiba Island, Panama. This primarily arboreal species is fairly common within its range. Despite this, it may be considered vulnerable due to its small range. It is not rated by IUCN.
Discover more
Coiba spinetail
Escudo hummingbird
Escudo hummingbird
The Escudo hummingbird is a hummingbird in the subfamily Trochilinae. It was long considered a doubtfully distinct species, but more recently it is generally treated as a subspecies of the rufous-tailed hummingbird, A. tzacatl.
Discover more
Escudo hummingbird
Yellow-green brushfinch
Yellow-green brushfinch
The yellow-green brushfinch is a species of bird in the family Passerellidae.
Discover more
Yellow-green brushfinch
Atelopus certus
Atelopus certus
Atelopus certus, the Darien stubfoot toad or Toad Mountain harlequin frog, is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae endemic to Panama.
Discover more
Atelopus certus
Atelopus limosus
Atelopus limosus
Atelopus limosus, the limosa harlequin frog is an endangered species of toad in the family Bufonidae endemic to Panama. Its natural habitats are stream banks in tropical moist lowland forests and rivers of the Chagres watershed in central Panama.
Discover more
Atelopus limosus
Polkadot poison frog
Polkadot poison frog
The polkadot poison frog is a species of frogs in the family Dendrobatidae endemic to Panama, where it is known as rana venenosa in Spanish. Its natural habitats are humid lowland and montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss and is listed by the IUCN as being "critically endangered".
Discover more
Polkadot poison frog
Vicente's poison frog
Vicente's poison frog
Vicente's poison frog is a species of frog in the family Dendrobatidae that is endemic to the Veraguas and Coclé Provinces of central Panama. It is a little known arboreal frog that inhabits humid tropical lowland and montane forest.
Discover more
Vicente's poison frog
La Loma tree frog
La Loma tree frog
The La Loma tree frog is a species of frog in the family Hylidae found in Costa Rica, Panama, and expected but not confirmed in Colombia. Its natural habitats are tropical moist lowland and montane forests, with breeding taking place in streams. It is threatened by habitat loss and chytridiomycosis. The common name refers to La Loma, its type locality on the trail between Chiriquí Lagoon and Boquete, in the Bocas del Toro Province of Panama.
Discover more
La Loma tree frog
Atelopus glyphus
Atelopus glyphus
Atelopus glyphus, the Pirri harlequin frog or Pirri Range stubfoot toad, is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae found in Colombia and Panama within the Northwestern Andean montane forests. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and rivers.
Discover more
Atelopus glyphus
Andinobates claudiae
Andinobates claudiae
Andinobates claudiae is a species of frog in the family Dendrobatidae.
Discover more
Andinobates claudiae
Craugastor obesus
Craugastor obesus
Craugastor obesus is a species of frog in the family Craugastoridae. It is found in the Caribbean slopes of southeastern Costa Rica and western Panama. Its natural habitats are lowland moist forest, premontane and lower montane wet forest and rainforest. It can be found in the spray zone on rocks, boulders, and cliff faces in the middle of moderate-sized cascading streams.
Discover more
Craugastor obesus
Colostethus latinasus
Colostethus latinasus
Colostethus latinasus is a species of frog in the family Dendrobatidae. It is known from Cerro Pirre in Darién Province, Panama, from Chocó Department in adjacent Colombia, and from Tierralta, Córdoba Department, Colombia.
Discover more
Colostethus latinasus
Isthmohyla debilis
Isthmohyla debilis
Isthmohyla debilis is a rare species of frog in the family Hylidae. It occurs in the Atlantic slopes of the Cordillera Central and Cordillera Talamanca in Costa Rica and western Panama as well as on the Pacific slopes in southwestern Panama. Common name Isla Bonita treefrog has been suggested for it .
Discover more
Isthmohyla debilis
Ecnomiohyla thysanota
Ecnomiohyla thysanota
Ecnomiohyla thysanota, also known as Cerro Mali treefrog, is a species of frog in the family Hylidae. It is endemic to Panama where it is known from its type locality, Cerro Malí in eastern Serranía de Darién, near the border to Colombia, where it might also occur. This arboreal species is only known from a single specimen, the holotype.
Discover more
Ecnomiohyla thysanota
Craugastor gulosus
Craugastor gulosus
Craugastor gulosus is a species of frog in the family Craugastoridae. It is found in Costa Rica and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.
Discover more
Craugastor gulosus
Oscaecilia elongata
Oscaecilia elongata
Oscaecilia elongata is a species of caecilian in the family Caeciliidae. It is endemic to Panama. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, plantations, rural gardens, and heavily degraded former forest.
Discover more
Oscaecilia elongata
Incilius signifer
Incilius signifer
Incilius signifer is a species of toads in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Panama and known from the Pacific Coast to 800 m asl, west of the Canal Zone. Prior to its description in 2005, it was mixed with Incilius coccifer. Its natural habitats are tropical dry forests. It tolerates habitat modification but could be threatened by severe habitat modification.
Discover more
Incilius signifer
Strabomantis laticorpus
Strabomantis laticorpus
Strabomantis laticorpus is a species of frog in the family Craugastoridae. It is found in Panama and possibly Colombia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forest.
Discover more
Strabomantis laticorpus
Confusing poison frog
Confusing poison frog
The confusing poison frog is a species of frog in the family Dendrobatidae endemic to Panama. It is only known from its type locality, "Chiriqui" .
Discover more
Confusing poison frog
Craugastor azueroensis
Craugastor azueroensis
Craugastor azueroensis is a species of frog in the family Craugastoridae. It is endemic to Panama. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.
Discover more
Craugastor azueroensis
Scinax altae
Scinax altae
Scinax altae is a species of frog in the family Hylidae. It is endemic to Panama where it occurs in the Pacific lowlands between the Chiriquí Province in the west and Panamá Province in the east. The type series was collected by Emmett Reid Dunn and his wife from "Summit" in the Panama Canal Zone in 1932.
Discover more
Scinax altae
Continental Divide tree frog
Continental Divide tree frog
The Continental Divide tree frog is a species of frog in the family Hylidae found in Panama and possibly Costa Rica. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, rivers, freshwater marshes, and intermittent freshwater marshes. It is threatened by habitat loss.
Discover more
Continental Divide tree frog
Isthmohyla infucata
Isthmohyla infucata
Isthmohyla infucata is a species of frogs in the family Hylidae endemic to Panama.
Discover more
Isthmohyla infucata
Rhinoclemmys panamaensis
Rhinoclemmys panamaensis
Rhinoclemmys panamaensis is an extinct species of turtle belonging to the genus Rhinoclemmys of the family Geoemydidae known from the early to middle Miocene Cucaracha Formation of the Panama Basin of central Panama.
Discover more
Rhinoclemmys panamaensis
Lepidoblepharis victormartinezi
Lepidoblepharis victormartinezi
Lepidoblepharis victormartinezi is a species of gecko, a lizard in the family Sphaerodactylidae. The species is endemic to Panama.
Discover more
Lepidoblepharis victormartinezi
Cnemidophorus duellmani
Cnemidophorus duellmani
Cnemidophorus duellmani is a species of teiid lizard endemic to Panama.
Discover more
Cnemidophorus duellmani
Rhadinaea vermiculaticeps
Rhadinaea vermiculaticeps
Rhadinaea vermiculaticeps is a species of snake in the family Colubridae. It is found in Panama.
Discover more
Rhadinaea vermiculaticeps
Lepidoblepharis emberawoundule
Lepidoblepharis emberawoundule
Lepidoblepharis emberawoundule is a species of gecko, a lizard in the family Sphaerodactylidae. The species is endemic to Panama.
Discover more
Lepidoblepharis emberawoundule
Lepidoblepharis rufigularis
Lepidoblepharis rufigularis
Lepidoblepharis rufigularis is a species of gecko, a lizard in the family Sphaerodactylidae. The species is endemic to Panama.
Discover more
Lepidoblepharis rufigularis
Echinosaura panamensis
Echinosaura panamensis
Echinosaura panamensis, the Panama teiid, is a species of lizard in the family Gymnophthalmidae. It is endemic to Panama.
Discover more
Echinosaura panamensis
Coiba Island howler
Coiba Island howler
The Coiba Island howler is a type of howler monkey, a type of New World monkey, endemic to Panama. Although the Coiba Island howler has been recognized as a separate species by a number of authorities since a 1987 study of its fingerprints, mitochondrial DNA testing found it does not differ from mantled howler populations in any significant way. A reason given for treating it as a separate species is that the dermal ridges of its hands and feet ...
differ from those of the mantled howler.
Discover more
Coiba Island howler
Coiban agouti
Coiban agouti
The Coiban agouti is a species of rodent in the family Dasyproctidae. It is endemic to the island of Coiba and resembles the more widespread Central American agouti. It is threatened by habitat loss.
Discover more
Coiban agouti
Panama slender opossum
Panama slender opossum
The Panama slender opossum, also known as the slaty slender mouse opossum, is a species of opossum in the family Didelphidae. It is endemic to Panama, where it has been found in tropical rainforest habitats, including disturbed areas, at elevations from 500 to 1500 m. This opossum is mostly terrestrial in its habits, and feeds on plants and insects. It is vulnerable to deforestation.
Discover more
Panama slender opossum
1 - 40 out of 69 LOAD MORE