Endemic Animals of Spain








Gallotia galloti
Gallotia galloti
Gallotia galloti is a species of lacertid in the genus Gallotia. The species is found on the Canary Islands of Tenerife and La Palma.
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Gallotia galloti
El Hierro giant lizard
El Hierro giant lizard
The El Hierro giant lizard is a subspecies of lacertid that can be found on the island of El Hierro, one of the Canary Islands. It is considered to be a subspecies of Gallotia simonyi, Simony's lizard. The subspecies was once present throughout much of the island and on the small offshore Roque Chico de Salmor, but is now confined to a few small areas of cliff with sparse vegetation. It is currently restricted to the southern end of the Risco de ...
Tibataje in Fuga de Gorreta, located between Guinea and the so-called Paso del Pino . The species was also successfully reintroduced to the Roque Chico de Salmor in 1999, and subsequent reintroductions have taken place at Julan and at la Dehesa. About 60 centimetres long, the Hierro giant lizard is a thickset reptile with a broad head. Adults are dark grey to brown in colour, with two rows of pale orange patches running along its sides. Its belly is mostly brown, but has an orange to red colouration towards the middle. Older El Hierro giant lizards are mainly black with some grey. Males are larger than females. It is the animal symbol of the island of El Hierro. The Hierro giant lizard is omnivorous. It eats plants - notably verode and Lavandula abrotanoides - as well as insects . Mating begins in May and 5 to 13 eggs are laid from June until the end of August. Their eggs hatch after 61 days.
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El Hierro giant lizard
Ibiza wall lizard
Ibiza wall lizard
The Ibiza wall lizard is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. It is most closely associated with the island of Eivissa, or Ibiza, in the Balearic Islands, but has become naturalized in parts of Spain. A subspecies, P. pityusensis formenterae, is limited in natural habitat to the islands of Formentera, Illa Conillera and Es Vedrà, south of Ibiza, but has been transported by humans to several other locations in the Mediterranean. The ...
Formentean subspecies tends to be more brightly coloured than its Ibizan and mainland con-specifics. The natural habitats of P. pityusensis are temperate shrubland, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, rocky areas, rocky shores, arable land, pastureland, plantations, rural gardens, and urban areas.
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Ibiza wall lizard
Gran Canaria giant lizard
Gran Canaria giant lizard
The Gran Canaria giant lizard is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. The species is found in the Canary Islands.
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Gran Canaria giant lizard
Tenerife blue chaffinch
Tenerife blue chaffinch
The Tenerife blue chaffinch is a species of passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. It is endemic to Tenerife in Spain's Canary Islands. This bird is the natural symbol of this island, together with the Canary Islands dragon tree.
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Tenerife blue chaffinch
Western Canary Islands chiffchaff
Western Canary Islands chiffchaff
The western Canary Islands chiffchaff is a small bird in the family Phylloscopidae. It is a subspecies of the Canary Islands chiffchaff found on the islands of El Hierro, La Palma, La Gomera, Tenerife and Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands, Spain.
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Western Canary Islands chiffchaff
Laurel pigeon
Laurel pigeon
The laurel pigeon or white-tailed laurel pigeon is a species of bird in the Columba genus in the family Columbidae . It is endemic to the Canary Islands, Spain, and resides in laurel forest habitat. It is the animal symbol of the island of La Gomera.
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Laurel pigeon
Bolle's pigeon
Bolle's pigeon
Bolle's pigeon is a species of the genus Columba of family Columbidae, doves and pigeons, endemic to the Canary Islands, Spain. This bird is named after the German naturalist Carl Bolle, who was the first to distinguish it from the laurel pigeon. This wood pigeon is endemic to the laurel forest habitat.
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Bolle's pigeon
Gran Canaria blue chaffinch
Gran Canaria blue chaffinch
The Gran Canaria blue chaffinch is a species of passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. It is endemic to Gran Canaria in Spain's Canary Islands.
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Gran Canaria blue chaffinch
Canary Islands quail
Canary Islands quail
The Canary Islands quail once occurred on the islands of El Hierro, La Palma, Tenerife and Fuerteventura .
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Canary Islands quail
Canary Islands chiffchaff
Canary Islands chiffchaff
The Canary Islands chiffchaff is a species of leaf warbler endemic to the Canary Islands, Spain. Sometimes the English name is spelled Canary Island chiffchaff.
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Canary Islands chiffchaff
Ibiza rail
Ibiza rail
The Ibiza rail is a recently discovered fossil species of rail, described from a late Pleistocene to Holocene cave deposit at Es Pouàs, on the island of Ibiza. Ibiza is in the Pityuses group of the Spanish Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The Ibiza rail was a relative of the extant water rail and may be derived from it, but was a bit smaller and stouter, had shorter and more robust hind limbs and shorter wings, with probably reduced ...
its flight capability. Consequently, it might have also occurred on neighbouring Formentera, where no possible locations have been surveyed.
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Ibiza rail
Canarian houbara
Canarian houbara
The Canarian houbara, Chlamydotis undulata fuertaventurae, is a large bird in the bustard family. It is a houbara bustard subspecies which is endemic to the eastern Canary archipelago, in Macaronesia in the North Atlantic Ocean, where it is a scarce and threatened non-migratory resident. It is the animal symbol of the island of Fuerteventura.
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Canarian houbara
Lava shearwater
Lava shearwater
The lava shearwater, or Olson's shearwater, was a species of shearwater that bred on Lanzarote and Fuerteventura in the Canary Islands. It is known from fossil remains, and was only described in 1990. It was intermediate in size between the Manx shearwater and the little shearwater. The remains of the species are particularly common in lava fields.
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Lava shearwater
Canary Islands stonechat
Canary Islands stonechat
The Canary Islands stonechat, also known as the Fuerteventura stonechat or Fuerteventura chat, and formerly known as the Canary Islands chat due to its once widespread distribution on the Canary Islands, is a sedentary resident bird found only on the island of Fuerteventura where it is known as the Caldereta.
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Canary Islands stonechat
Eastern Canary Islands chiffchaff
Eastern Canary Islands chiffchaff
The eastern Canary Islands chiffchaff or Lanzarote Island chiffchaff is an extinct subspecies of the Canary Islands chiffchaff endemic to the island of Lanzarote – and possibly also Fuerteventura – in the Canary Islands, Spain.
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Eastern Canary Islands chiffchaff
Balearic warbler
Balearic warbler
Balearic warbler is a typical warbler, genus Curruca. It is endemic to the Balearic Islands. It groups with the Marmora's warbler, Tristram's warbler and the Dartford warbler .
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Balearic warbler
Puffinus nestori
Puffinus nestori
Puffinus nestori is an extinct seabird in the petrel family. Its fossil remains, dating from the late Pliocene to early Pleistocene, were found on the island of Ibiza of the Balearic archipelago in the western Mediterranean. It was speculated that it was the direct ancestor of the Mediterranean shearwater .
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Puffinus nestori
Pterodromoides
Pterodromoides
Pterodromoides minoricensis is an extinct fulmarine petrel dating from the Late Miocene. Its fossil remains were found at the Punta Nati palaeontological site on the island of Menorca in the Balearic archipelago of the western Mediterranean. It was described in 2001, with the authors justifying the creation of a new genus by the large orbitonasal opening and characters of the postcranial skeleton, despite the similarity of the cranial osteology ...
to that of Pagodroma. The generic name derives from its resemblance to Pterodroma in shape and proportions. The specific epithet refers to the type locality.
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Pterodromoides
Majorcan midwife toad
Majorcan midwife toad
The Majorcan midwife toad is a frog in the family Alytidae . It is endemic to the Balearic Island of Majorca in the Mediterranean Sea. An example of Lazarus taxon, the species was first described from fossil remains in 1977, but living animals were discovered in 1979. The species, considered "vulnerable" by the IUCN, is currently restricted to isolated mountain rivers in the island's Serra de Tramuntana and has an estimated population of 500 ...
breeding pairs in the wild. It does exist and reproduce easily in captivity, however. The Majorcan midwife toad is thought to have disappeared from most of the island as a result of the introduction of competitors and predators from the mainland in ancient times. Reintroduction of the species in additional areas has taken place since 1988, with many new breeding populations now well established.
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Majorcan midwife toad
Betic midwife toad
Betic midwife toad
The Betic midwife toad or Sapo Partero Bético is a species of frog in the family Alytidae . It is endemic to mountainous in south eastern Spain. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, pastureland, ponds, and aquaculture ponds. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Betic midwife toad
Lilford's wall lizard
Lilford's wall lizard
Lilford's wall lizard is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. The species is endemic to the Balearic Islands, Spain. Its natural habitats are temperate Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, rocky areas, and rocky shores. Originally distributed throughout the Balearics, the introduction of alien species which started with the Romans has confined the species to the uninhabited islets around the major islands, on almost each of which a ...
local subspecies has evolved. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Lilford's wall lizard
La Gomera giant lizard
La Gomera giant lizard
The La Gomera giant lizard is a lacertid species that can be found on the island of La Gomera, one of the Canary Islands. It is easily distinguishable from any other member of Gallotia by the intense white colour that covers its neck, chest and area around the mouth, in spectacular contrast to its dark brown back. This lizard is generally diurnal and mostly herbivorous, and grows up to half a metre long . The females lay a single clutch annually ...
of three to seven eggs on average. Its population trend has actually been increasing since 2001.
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La Gomera giant lizard
East Canary gecko
East Canary gecko
The East Canary gecko or Canary wall gecko is a species of lizard in the family Phyllodactylidae. It is endemic to the eastern Canary Islands. Its natural habitats are temperate shrubland, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, rocky areas, rocky shores, sandy shores, intertidal marshes, arable land, pastureland, plantations, rural gardens, and urban areas.
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East Canary gecko
Tenerife speckled lizard
Tenerife speckled lizard
The Tenerife speckled lizard is a recently discovered lacertid endemic to Tenerife in the Canary Islands. It is the smallest member of the clade containing the western islands' giant species.
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Tenerife speckled lizard
Tenerife gecko
Tenerife gecko
The Tenerife gecko or Tenerife wall gecko is a species of lizard in the family Phyllodactylidae.
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Tenerife gecko
Ratas Island lizard
Ratas Island lizard
The Ratas Island lizard, Podarcis lilfordi rodriquezi, is an extinct subspecies of Lilford's wall lizard that once lived on Ratas Island, a tiny, rocky island in the bay of Mahón, Menorca . But Ratas island, which was its habitat, was destroyed when Port Mahon was rebuilt. The last sign of this subspecies was in 1950 and is presumed extinct. Four specimens of this European lizard are conserved in museum collections.
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Ratas Island lizard
Gran Canaria skink
Gran Canaria skink
The Gran Canaria skink is a species of skink in the family Scincidae which is endemic to Gran Canaria. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, temperate shrubland, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, temperate grassland, rocky areas, sandy shores, pastureland, and plantations. The adults measure 16
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Gran Canaria skink
Gallotia simonyi
Gallotia simonyi
Gallotia simonyi, also known as Simony's lizard, is a species of lacertid that was found on many of the Canary Islands. The species was once present throughout much of the islands, but one of the two subspecies is extinct, while the other, the Roque Chico de Salmor giant lizard is now confined to a few small areas of cliff with sparse vegetation. It is currently restricted to the southern end of the Risco de Tibataje in la Fuga de Gorreta, ...
located between Guinea and the so-called Paso del Pino . The species was also successfully reintroduced to the Roque Chico de Salmor in 1999, and subsequent reintroductions have taken place at Julan and at la Dehesa. It is omnivorous. It eats plants
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Gallotia simonyi
Chalcides simonyi
Chalcides simonyi
The Fuerteventura skink is a species of skink in the family Scincidae. Skinks are lizards belonging to the family Scincidae, a family in the infraorder Scincomorpha.
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Chalcides simonyi
Gomero wall gecko
Gomero wall gecko
The Gomero wall gecko or La Gomera gecko, also known as perenquén in the Canary Islands, is a species of lizard in the family Phyllodactylidae. It is endemic to La Gomera.
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Gomero wall gecko
Timon nevadensis
Timon nevadensis
Timon nevadensis, the Sierra Nevada lizard, is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. It is endemic to Spain. It is sometimes considered a subspecies of the ocellated lizard.
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Timon nevadensis
Atlantic lizard
Atlantic lizard
The Atlantic lizard is a species of lizards in the family Lacertidae. It is endemic to the eastern Canary Islands Lanzarote and Fuerteventura and the smaller islands surrounding them.
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Atlantic lizard
Iberolacerta cyreni
Iberolacerta cyreni
Iberolacerta cyreni, Cyren's rock lizard, is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. The species is endemic to central Spain.
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Iberolacerta cyreni
Boettger's lizard
Boettger's lizard
Boettger's lizard is a species of wall lizard in the family Lacertidae. The species is endemic to the Canary Islands. There are two recognized subspecies.
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Boettger's lizard
Iberolacerta martinezricai
Iberolacerta martinezricai
Iberolacerta martinezricai, Martinez-Rica's rock lizard, is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae.
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Iberolacerta martinezricai
Spanish algyroides
Spanish algyroides
The Spanish algyroides, also commonly known as the Spanish keeled lizard or Valverde's lizard, is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae.
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Spanish algyroides
West Canary skink
West Canary skink
The West Canary skink, also known commonly as the Canaryan cylindrical skink, East Canary Islands skink, the Tenerife skink, is a species of lizard in the family Scincidae. The species is endemic to the Canary Islands.
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West Canary skink
Vipera seoanei cantabrica
Vipera seoanei cantabrica
Common names: . Vipera seoanei cantabrica is a venomous viper subspecies endemic to the Cantabrian Mountains in Spain.
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Vipera seoanei cantabrica
Broom hare
Broom hare
The broom hare is a species of hare endemic to northern Spain.
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Broom hare
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