Endemic Animals of Viet Nam








Tonkin Snub-Nosed Monkey
Tonkin Snub-Nosed Monkey
The Tonkin snub-nosed monkeys are easily recognizable primates, exhibiting a rather unusual appearance. Their eyes are surrounded by faint, blue colored stripes. The ears are tufted, while the nose is flat and turned upward. They have a wide and flattened face with thick, pink lips. There is no information on life expectancy of this species. However, other colobine monkeys are known to live around 29 years in captivity and 20 years in the wild. ...
The Tonkin snub-nosed monkeys are the largest primates, found in Vietnam. Meanwhile, this species is presently among the most endangered primates around the globe, which was thought to have gone extinct until 1989, when it was found again.
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Tonkin Snub-Nosed Monkey
Silver-Backed Chevrotain
Silver-Backed Chevrotain
The Silver-backed chevrotain is a small mysterious deer known only from Vietnam. It was first described in 1910. Facing multiple threats in the wild, the Silver-backed chevrotain was feared to have gone extinct and in 2019, a study confirmed its presence for the first time since the last confirmed sightings in 1990. The Silver-backed chevrotain has a rough coat with a strange double-tone coloration; the front part of the body is reddish-brown ...
and contrasts strongly with the greyish posterior. It has big reddish-brown ears, white and dark reddish-brown marks on the throat. A prominent silver line runs down the back, hence the name "silver-backed". The tail, grey in the upper part and white below, becomes more reddish-brown toward the tip, which is white.
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Silver-Backed Chevrotain
White-headed langur
White-headed langur
The white-headed langur is a critically endangered langur. Two subspecies are recognized: T. p. poliocephalus in Cát Bà Island, Vietnam, and T. p. leucocephalus in Guangxi, China. The former, often known as the golden-headed or Cat Ba langur, is among the rarest primates in the world, and possibly the rarest primate in Asia, with population size estimated at less than 70 individuals.
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White-headed langur
Delacour's langur
Delacour's langur
The Delacour's langur, or Delacour's lutung, is a critically endangered species of lutung endemic to northern Vietnam. It is named for French-American ornithologist Jean Théodore Delacour.
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Delacour's langur
Gray-shanked douc
Gray-shanked douc
The grey-shanked douc langur is a douc species native to the Vietnamese provinces of Quảng Nam, Quảng Ngãi, Bình Định, Kon Tum, and Gia Lai. The total population was estimated at 550 to 700 individuals in 2004. In 2016, Dr. Benjamin Rawson, Country Director of Fauna & Flora International's Vietnam Programme, announced a discovery of an additional population including more than 500 individuals found in Central Vietnam, bringing the total populati ...
on up to approximately 1000 individuals.
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Gray-shanked douc
Vietnam ferret-badger
Vietnam ferret-badger
The Vietnam ferret-badger is a member of the family Mustelidae native to Vietnam. It was described in 2011 and is known from only two specimens.
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Vietnam ferret-badger
Golden gecko
Golden gecko
The golden gecko, also known commonly as Baden's Pacific gecko, is a species of lizard in the family Gekkonidae. The species is native to Vietnam.
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Golden gecko
Edwards's pheasant
Edwards's pheasant
Edwards's pheasant is a bird of the pheasant family Phasianidae and is endemic to the rainforests of Vietnam. It is named after the French ornithologist Alphonse Milne-Edwards and first described to science in 1896 The bird's length is 58–65 centimetres and has red legs and facial skin. The male is mainly blue-black with a crest, and the female is a drab brown bird. The alarm call is a puk!-puk!-puk!.
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Edwards's pheasant
Grey-crowned crocias
Grey-crowned crocias
The grey-crowned crocias is a passerine bird in the family Leiothrichidae. It is endemic to Vietnam, where it has a highly restricted distribution in the Da Lat Plateau. It has also been observed, and independently surveyed in 2015, in Central Vietnam on the Kontum Plateau, where it may be more abundant. Its natural habitat is intact broadleaf evergreen forest and secondary forest, generally near watercourses, between 910–1450 m above sea-level.
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Grey-crowned crocias
White-throated wren-babbler
White-throated wren-babbler
The white-throated wren-babbler is a species of bird in the family Pellorneidae.
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White-throated wren-babbler
Vietnamese greenfinch
Vietnamese greenfinch
The Vietnamese greenfinch is a small passerine bird in the family Fringillidae. It is found only in Vietnam. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Vietnamese greenfinch
Vietnam partridge
Vietnam partridge
The Vietnam partridge, Annam partridge, or Annam hill partridge, Tropicoperdix chloropus merlini, is now usually considered a subspecies of the green-legged partridge in the family Phasianidae of birds.
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Vietnam partridge
Orange-breasted laughingthrush
Orange-breasted laughingthrush
The orange-breasted laughingthrush is a passerine bird in the family Leiothrichidae. Until recently it was regarded as a subspecies of the spot-breasted laughingthrush but has now been split as a separate species. The two have traditionally been placed in the genus Garrulax.
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Orange-breasted laughingthrush
Chestnut-eared laughingthrush
Chestnut-eared laughingthrush
The chestnut-eared laughingthrush is a species of bird in the family Leiothrichidae. It is found in Vietnam and possibly Laos.
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Chestnut-eared laughingthrush
Black-crowned fulvetta
Black-crowned fulvetta
The black-crowned fulvetta is a bird species in the family Pellorneidae. Until recently it was considered a sub-species of the rufous-winged fulvetta. It is endemic to Vietnam.
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Black-crowned fulvetta
Tam Dao salamander
Tam Dao salamander
The Tam Dao salamander or Vietnamese salamander is a species of salamander in the family Salamandridae found only in Vietnam. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss and poaching.
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Tam Dao salamander
Rhacophorus calcaneus
Rhacophorus calcaneus
Rhacophorus calcaneus is a species of frog in the family Rhacophoridae. It is endemic to Vietnam. It has been extensively confused with Rhacophorus robertingeri, making it difficult to know its true range. Its natural habitats are evergreen forests at elevations of 1,300–2,000 m above sea level. It is threatened by collection for the international pet trade and by habitat loss and degradation caused by rapidly expanding agriculture, including c ...
ash crops such as rubber, coffee and tea.
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Rhacophorus calcaneus
Rhacophorus hoanglienensis
Rhacophorus hoanglienensis
Rhacophorus hoanglienensis, also known as the Honglien Frog, is a species of frog in the family Rhacophoridae found in Vietnam and possibly China. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Rhacophorus hoanglienensis
Theloderma palliatum
Theloderma palliatum
Theloderma palliatum is a species of frog in the family Rhacophoridae. It is endemic to Vietnam and so far only known from the Bidoup Núi Bà and Chư Yang Sin National Parks. This species, together with Theloderma nebulosum, was first found by Australian and Vietnamese scientists in Tay Nguyen in 2011.
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Theloderma palliatum
Micryletta erythropoda
Micryletta erythropoda
Micryletta erythropoda, commonly known as the Mada paddy frog, is a species of frog in the family Microhylidae. It is known from Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. Its natural habitats are swamps, freshwater marshes, and intermittent freshwater marshes. While formerly classified in the genus Microhyla, a 2018 study found it to belong to the genus Micryletta instead. A study performed in 2019 found that several Micryletta populations in southern ...
Myanmar and Thailand that were formerly assigned to M. inornata actually belong to M. erythropoda; prior to this, M. erythropoda was considered endemic to Vietnam.
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Micryletta erythropoda
Leptobrachium xanthospilum
Leptobrachium xanthospilum
Leptobrachium xanthospilum is a species of frog in the family Megophryidae. It is endemic to Vietnam, where it is known only from the vicinity of Ko Rong, Tram Lap, and Buôn Lưới villages in Gia Lai Province.
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Leptobrachium xanthospilum
Gracixalus ananjevae
Gracixalus ananjevae
Gracixalus ananjevae, the Ananjeva Asian treefrog, is a species of frogs in the family Rhacophoridae.
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Gracixalus ananjevae
Leptolalax firthi
Leptolalax firthi
Leptolalax firthi is a species of frog in the family Megophryidae from Vietnam.
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Leptolalax firthi
Microhyla nanapollexa
Microhyla nanapollexa
Nanohyla nanapollexa is a species of frog in the family Microhylidae. It is also known as the no-thumb pigmy frog and three-fingered pigmy narrow-mouth frog. It is endemic to Vietnam and is known from Quang Nam and Phu Yen Provinces.
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Microhyla nanapollexa
Microhyla picta
Microhyla picta
Microhyla picta is a species of frog in the family Microhylidae. It is endemic to Vietnam. Its natural habitats are swamps, freshwater marshes, and intermittent freshwater marshes.
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Microhyla picta
Vietnamese pond turtle
Vietnamese pond turtle
The Vietnamese pond turtle or Annam leaf turtle is a species of turtle in the family Geoemydidae.
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Vietnamese pond turtle
Red River krait
Red River krait
Bungarus slowinskii, the Red River krait, is a species of venomous snake in the family Elapidae. The species is endemic to mainland Southeast Asia.
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Red River krait
Giant butterfly lizard
Giant butterfly lizard
The giant butterfly lizard is a rarely seen species of lizard found in parts of Southeast Asia. It is the largest member of the genus Leiolepis.
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Giant butterfly lizard
Southern Vietnamese box turtle
Southern Vietnamese box turtle
The southern Vietnamese box turtle is endemic to the southern mountainous regions of Vietnam, and possibly also occurring in extreme eastern Cambodia and southern Laos. It is known only from Khanh Hoa and southern Phu Yen provinces, but may also occur in eastern Dak Lak and northern Ninh Thuan provinces.
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Southern Vietnamese box turtle
Vietnamese leopard gecko
Vietnamese leopard gecko
The Vietnamese leopard gecko or Chinese tiger gecko is a species of lizards in the family Eublepharidae. It is endemic to the Cao Bằng Province of Vietnam. The scientific species name, is from the Latin, aranea, which means "spider", due to the spindly, spider-like form of this species.
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Vietnamese leopard gecko
Lichtenfelder's gecko
Lichtenfelder's gecko
Lichtenfelder's gecko is a species of lizard in the family Eublepharidae. The species is endemic to southeastern Asia.
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Lichtenfelder's gecko
Boiga bourreti
Boiga bourreti
Boiga bourreti is a species of snake in the family Colubridae. The species is endemic to Southeast Asia.
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Boiga bourreti
Cyrtodactylus phongnhakebangensis
Cyrtodactylus phongnhakebangensis
Cyrtodactylus phongnhakebangensis is a species of gecko native to Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National Park, Quảng Bình Province, North Central Coast, Vietnam. It was discovered and described in 2002.
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Cyrtodactylus phongnhakebangensis
Andrea's keelback
Andrea's keelback
Andrea's keelback is a species of nonvenomous colubrid snake endemic to Vietnam.
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Andrea's keelback
Cyrtodactylus cattienensis
Cyrtodactylus cattienensis
Cyrtodactylus cattienensis, or the Cattien bent-toed gecko, is a gecko endemic to southern Vietnam. It is known from the Đồng Nai and Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Provinces. Its type locality is within the Cát Tiên National Park, and the species was named after the park.
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Cyrtodactylus cattienensis
Cyrtodactylus septimontium
Cyrtodactylus septimontium
Cyrtodactylus septimontium, also known as the Bảy Núi bent-toed gecko, is a species of gecko endemic to Vietnam.
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Cyrtodactylus septimontium
Takydromus madaensis
Takydromus madaensis
Takydromus madaensis, the Ma Da grass lizard, is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. It is endemic to Vietnam.
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Takydromus madaensis
Scincella rara
Scincella rara
The double subdigital-pads skink is a species of skink, only known to live in Central Truong Son, Vietnam. It is a small skink with arboreal mode of life.
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Scincella rara
Cyrtodactylus taybacensis
Cyrtodactylus taybacensis
Cyrtodactylus taybacensis, also known as the Taybac bent-toed gecko, is a species of gecko endemic to Vietnam.
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Cyrtodactylus taybacensis
Cyrtodactylus bugiamapensis
Cyrtodactylus bugiamapensis
Cyrtodactylus bugiamapensis is a gecko from Binh Phuoc and Lam Dong provinces, southern Vietnam.
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Cyrtodactylus bugiamapensis
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