Endemic Animals of French Polynesia








Pacific swallow
Pacific swallow
The Pacific swallow is a small passerine bird in the swallow family. It breeds in tropical southern Asia and the islands of the south Pacific. It is resident apart from some local seasonal movements. This bird is associated with coasts, but is increasingly spreading to forested uplands. The hill swallow was formerly considered conspecific.
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Pacific swallow
Ultramarine lorikeet
Ultramarine lorikeet
The ultramarine lorikeet is a species of parrot in the family Psittaculidae, endemic to the Marquesas Islands. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical moist montane forest and plantations. It is threatened mainly by introduction of the black rat and also by deforestation.
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Ultramarine lorikeet
Polynesian ground dove
Polynesian ground dove
The Polynesian ground dove is a critically endangered species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is endemic to the Tuamotus in French Polynesia with recent records from the atolls of Matureivavao, Rangiroa, Tenararo, Morane, Vahanga and perhaps Tikehau. It favors tropical forests, especially with Pandanus tectorius, Pisonia grandis and shrubs, but it has also been recorded from dense shrub growing below coconut palms. It is threatened by ...
habitat loss and predation by introduced species such as cats and rats. The total population is estimated to be around 100-120 birds and it has already disappeared from several islands where it formerly occurred.
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Polynesian ground dove
Atoll fruit dove
Atoll fruit dove
The atoll fruit dove is a species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is endemic to the Tuamotu archipelago in French Polynesia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and plantations. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Atoll fruit dove
Niau kingfisher
Niau kingfisher
The Niau kingfisher is a species of bird in the family Alcedinidae. It is endemic to the island of Niau in French Polynesia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, plantations and rural gardens. Only 125 individuals remain in the wild. The Niau kingfisher is a multicolored, with bright blue feathers, a dusty orange head, and a bright green back. The entire population of these birds lives in Niau, and without serious ...
intervention, they will likely become extinct.
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Niau kingfisher
Iphis monarch
Iphis monarch
The Iphis monarch, or Ua Huka flycatcher, is a species of bird in the family Monarchidae. It is endemic to French Polynesia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist shrubland, and plantations.
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Iphis monarch
Rapa shearwater
Rapa shearwater
The Rapa shearwater, is a rare seabird of the tropics from the family Procellariidae. It breeds on the surrounding islets of Rapa in the Austral Islands of French Polynesia where it is known locally as the kaki kaki.
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Rapa shearwater
Marquesan monarch
Marquesan monarch
The Marquesan monarch is a species of bird in the family Monarchidae. It is endemic to French Polynesia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Marquesan monarch
Huahine starling
Huahine starling
The Huahine starling is an extinct bird from the genus Aplonis within the starling family, Sturnidae. It was endemic to the island of Huahine, in the Society Islands of French Polynesia, and therefore had the easternmost distribution of all Aplonis species in the Pacific region.
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Huahine starling
Nuku Hiva rail
Nuku Hiva rail
The Nuku Hiva rail is an extinct species of flightless bird in the Rallidae, or rail family.
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Nuku Hiva rail
Ua Huka rail
Ua Huka rail
The Ua Huka rail is an extinct species of flightless bird in the Rallidae, or rail family.
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Ua Huka rail
Tahuata rail
Tahuata rail
The Tahuata rail is an extinct species of flightless bird in the Rallidae, or rail family.
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Tahuata rail
Huahine rail
Huahine rail
The Huahine rail was a species of bird in the family Rallidae. It was a medium-sized Gallirallus rail endemic to Huahine in the Society Islands of French Polynesia. It is known only from subfossil remains found at the Fa'ahia archaeological site on the island. Fa'ahia is an early Polynesian occupation site with radiocarbon dates ranging from 700 CE to 1200 CE. The rail is only one of a suite of birds found at the site which became extinct either ...
locally or globally following human occupation of the island.
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Huahine rail
Marquesas cuckoo-dove
Marquesas cuckoo-dove
The Marquesas cuckoo-dove, also referred to as the Marquesan cuckoo-dove, is an extinct species of bird in the pigeon family. It was endemic to the Marquesas Islands of French Polynesia. It was described from subfossil bones recovered from the Hane archaeological site on the island of Ua Huka. The cuckoo-dove was a relatively large species, with long legs; its limb proportions suggesting a more terrestrial lifestyle than its congeners. The ...
dove's extinction occurred either upon or shortly after the colonisation of the islands by ancient Polynesians.
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Marquesas cuckoo-dove
Tubuai rail
Tubuai rail
The Tubuai rail is an extinct species of flightless bird in the Rallidae, or rail family.
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Tubuai rail
Marquesan imperial pigeon
Marquesan imperial pigeon
The Marquesan imperial pigeon, also known as the Nukuhiva pigeon or Upe, is a pigeon which is endemic to Nuku Hiva in the Marquesas Islands of French Polynesia. This pigeon is only found in some valleys in the western part of that island.
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Marquesan imperial pigeon
Tuamotu sandpiper
Tuamotu sandpiper
The Tuamotu sandpiper is an endangered member of the large wader family Scolopacidae, that is endemic to the Tuamotu Islands in French Polynesia. It is sometimes placed in the monotypic genus Aechmorhynchus. A native name, apparently in the Tuamotuan language, is kivi-kivi.
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Tuamotu sandpiper
Rapa fruit dove
Rapa fruit dove
The Rapa fruit dove is a species of bird in the family Columbidae, which includes pigeons and doves. It is endemic to the island of Rapa Iti in French Polynesia. The species was classified as Critically Endangered by the IUCN Red List in 2018 because of its small population and predicted continued decline. The Rapa fruit dove primarily feeds on fleshy fruit. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and it has an ...
extent of 30 km2. It is threatened by habitat loss due to deforestation and invasive species. Effective land protection and management could increase the quality of habitat for the species. Additional research into population dynamics and the impact of threats to the species can give a better understanding of the conservation practices needed.
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Rapa fruit dove
Polynesian imperial pigeon
Polynesian imperial pigeon
The Polynesian imperial pigeon is a species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is endemic to French Polynesia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Polynesian imperial pigeon
Tahiti monarch
Tahiti monarch
The Tahiti monarch, or Tahiti flycatcher, is a rare species of bird in the monarch flycatcher family. It is endemic to Tahiti in French Polynesia. There are fewer than 50 individuals remaining.
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Tahiti monarch
White-capped fruit dove
White-capped fruit dove
The white-capped fruit dove is a species of bird in the family Columbidae. It was described by French naturalist and surgeon Adolphe-Simon Neboux in 1840. It is endemic to French Polynesia. The name honours French admiral and botanist Abel Aubert du Petit-Thouars.
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White-capped fruit dove
Grey-green fruit dove
Grey-green fruit dove
The grey-green fruit dove is a species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is endemic to the Society Islands in French Polynesia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
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Grey-green fruit dove
Makatea fruit dove
Makatea fruit dove
The Makatea fruit dove is a species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is endemic to French Polynesia island of Makatea in the Tuamotu Archipelago. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and is also present near villages. This bird is approximately 20 cm tall and has plumage of mostly green feathers with a dark purple crown and forehead, pale greenish-grey throat and chest, cloven lower chest feathers producing ...
rows of shadows that appear as streaks, yellow underparts, tinged orange anteriorly. The bird's wing feathers are edged yellow. While it continues to be threatened by habitat loss, a decrease in mining since the mid 1960s has helped re-vegetation and appears to have stabilized population numbers.
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Makatea fruit dove
Marquesan ground dove
Marquesan ground dove
The Marquesan ground dove is a bird species in the family Columbidae. It is endemic to French Polynesia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical moist shrubland.
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Marquesan ground dove
Huahine gull
Huahine gull
The Huahine gull, also known as the Society Islands gull, is an extinct bird, a species of gull of which subfossil bones were found at the Fa'ahia archeological site on Huahine, in the Society Islands of French Polynesia.
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Huahine gull
Mangareva kingfisher
Mangareva kingfisher
The Mangareva kingfisher, also known as Tuamotu kingfisher, is a species of kingfisher in the family Alcedinidae, endemic to Niau in French Polynesia. It is classified as critically endangered.
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Mangareva kingfisher
Moorea reed warbler
Moorea reed warbler
Moorea reed warbler is a species of songbird in the genus Acrocephalus. Formerly placed in the "Old World warbler" assemblage, it is now in the newly recognized marsh warbler family Acrocephalidae. It was once considered a subspecies of the Tahiti reed warbler.
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Moorea reed warbler
Fatu Hiva monarch
Fatu Hiva monarch
The Fatu Hiva monarch is a large flycatcher in the family Monarchidae. It is endemic to Fatu Hiva in the Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia. It lives in the native dense forest at elevations up to 2300 feet. Adults are a glossy purplish-black with plush-like feathers on their foreheads and grow to around 7 ½ inches.
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Fatu Hiva monarch
Society kingfisher
Society kingfisher
The Society kingfisher or Tahiti kingfisher is a species of bird in the family Alcedinidae. It is endemic to French Polynesia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest.
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Society kingfisher
Tahiti reed warbler
Tahiti reed warbler
The Tahiti reed warbler is a songbird in the genus Acrocephalus. It used to be placed in the "Old World warbler" assemblage, but is now in the newly recognized marsh warbler family Acrocephalidae. It is endemic to the island of Tahiti.
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Tahiti reed warbler
Marquesan swiftlet
Marquesan swiftlet
The Marquesan swiftlet is a species of swift in the family Apodidae. It is endemic to French Polynesia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
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Marquesan swiftlet
Northern Marquesan reed warbler
Northern Marquesan reed warbler
The northern Marquesan reed warbler is a species of Old World warbler in the family Acrocephalidae. It was formerly considered conspecific with the southern Marquesan reed warbler, and together known as the Marquesan reed warbler.
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Northern Marquesan reed warbler
Southern Marquesan reed warbler
Southern Marquesan reed warbler
The southern Marquesan reed warbler is a species of Old World warbler in the family Acrocephalidae.
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Southern Marquesan reed warbler
Huahine swamphen
Huahine swamphen
The Huahine swamphen was a species of bird in the family Rallidae. It was a small swamphen endemic to Huahine in the Society Islands of French Polynesia. It is known only from subfossil remains found at the Fa'ahia archaeological site on the island. Fa'ahia is an early Polynesian occupation site with radiocarbon dates ranging from 700 CE to 1200 CE. The swamphen is only one of a suite of birds found at the site which became extinct either ...
locally or globally following human occupation of the island.
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Huahine swamphen
Tuamotu reed warbler
Tuamotu reed warbler
The Tuamotu reed warbler is a species of Old World warbler in the family Acrocephalidae. It is found only in French Polynesia.
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Tuamotu reed warbler
Huahine cuckoo-dove
Huahine cuckoo-dove
The Huahine cuckoo-dove is an extinct species of bird in the family Columbidae. It was endemic to French Polynesia where subfossil bones between 750 and 1250 years old have been found at the Fa'ahia early occupation site on Huahine in the Society Islands.
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Huahine cuckoo-dove
Rimatara reed warbler
Rimatara reed warbler
The Rimatara reed warbler is a species of Old World warbler in the family Acrocephalidae. It is found only in Rimatara in French Polynesia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and swamps. Due to its limited geographic distribution, this bird is classified as critically endangered on The International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List of Threatened Species.
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Rimatara reed warbler
Conasprella dieteri
Conasprella dieteri
Conasprella dieteri is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Like all species within the genus Conasprella, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.
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Conasprella dieteri
Conus marchionatus
Conus marchionatus
Conus marchionatus, common name the Marquesas cone, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.
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Conus marchionatus
Punctoterebra arabella
Punctoterebra arabella
Punctoterebra arabella is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Terebridae, the auger snails.
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Punctoterebra arabella
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