The largest rock-wallaby, this animal is distinguished from other species of the genus by bright color of its fur as well as distinctive patterning. The overall color of its body is fawn grey. The underside is pale, exhibiting a white colored band, stretching down the side. The feet, hind legs and forearms of the Yellow-footed rock wallaby vary in color from a rich orange to yellow. As a matter of fact, bright coloration of this animal serves as a camouflage against the patterns of light and shadow that falls on the red rocks, which are the natural habitat of this animal.
This wallabies are endemic only to Australia, where the animals live in scattered populations throughout the states of South Australia, New South Wales and Queensland. The Yellow-footed rock-wallabies usually occur on rocky outcrops in semi-arid areas, staying close to a constant source of water.
The wallabies are sociable animals, known to form groups of more than 100 individuals. However, regular number of their groups is usually less than 20 wallabies, including multiple breeding females with their young, the dominant male and a few sub-dominant males. The dominant male drives young males out of the colony site, whereas young females usually stay there. Yellow-footed rock-wallabies are likely to be nocturnal, remaining hidden in rock crevices and caves during the daytime hours and sometimes coming out for sunbathing. In addition, some individuals in captivity are known to be active by day. They move around by jumping from rock to rock, making long leaps of up to 4 meters. They are also capable of climbing up tree trunks and even steep faces of rocky cliffs.
These wallabies have polygynous mating system, where male individuals compete with each other for their mating rights. Mating males and females practice olfactory courtship ritual. The Yellow-footed rock-wallabies do not have any specific mating season. However, the number of births appears to be higher during increased availability of food, which occurs at rainfall. Gestation period lasts for 31 - 32 days, yielding a single baby, sometimes twins. The newborn baby lives for around 194 days in the pouch of its mother. The young remains close to its mother for 7 - 10 days after leaving the pouch in order to return in case of danger. It continues to eat maternal milk for a few months after coming out of the pouch, but is physically on its own. Sexual maturity is reached by 18 months old.
One of the major concerns to the population of this Near Threatened species is competition rabbits, sheep, goats and other introduced herbivores. The animals are also prey species for foxes and occasionally, for wedge-tailed eagles. The Yellow-footed rock-wallabies (especially small populations) are nowadays exposed to wildfires and outbreaks of various diseases. In addition, these wallabies suffer from fragmentation of their natural habitat.
According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of the Yellow-footed rock-wallaby is less than 10,000 mature individuals, including 6,000 individuals, currently living in South Australia, as well as less than 100 individuals in New South Wales. This species is presently classified as Near Threatened (NT) on the IUCN Red List.