Endemic Animals of Argentina








Pink Fairy Armadillo
Pink Fairy Armadillo
The smallest of the armadillo family, the Pink fairy armadillo is endangered. It lives in parts of Argentina and other areas in South America and is currently threatened by destruction of its habitat and by domestic dogs. It is the only armadillo which has a dorsal shell that is almost completely separate from the body. It digs so fast it can bury itself in its burrow in seconds when threatened, the armor plate functioning as a cork to seal the ...
entrance to the burrow.
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Pink Fairy Armadillo
Patagonian Mara
Patagonian Mara
The Patagonian mara (otherwise known as Patagonian cavy or hare) is a large rodent with a rather strange appearance. At first glance, this animal looks like a small deer with long ears, similar to these of a hare. Each of this animal's front limbs has 4 sharp claws, which are used in digging. Meanwhile, the hind legs are strong and longer, allowing the rodent to quickly flee and escape from predators.
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Patagonian Mara
Puma pumoides
Puma pumoides
Puma pumoides is an extinct prehistoric cat that was described in 1956 by Alfredo Castellanos using the scientific name Felis pumoides. Castellanos excavated its fossil remains in the Reartes Valley located in the province of Córdoba, Argentina, in a stratum called 'Brocherense bed', which probably dates to the Pliocene. Fossil remains comprised a maxilla, the orbital section of the frontal bone, a part of a mandible, a petrosal, a femur, a ...
lumbar vertebrae, and a few parts of each a humerus, tibia, ulna, and radius. Because of the similarity of these holotype parts with jaguarundi, it was preliminarily subordinated to the genus Puma.
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Puma pumoides
Chacoan pygmy opossum
Chacoan pygmy opossum
The Chacoan pygmy opossum is a recently described genus and species of didelphimorph marsupial. The only species in Chacodelphys, C. formosa, was known until 2004 from only one specimen collected in 1920 in the Chaco of Formosa Province, Argentina. The species is gaining popularity as a pocket pet.
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Chacoan pygmy opossum
Chubut steamer duck
Chubut steamer duck
The Chubut steamer duck or white-headed flightless steamer duck is a flightless duck endemic to Argentina. It is the most recently recognized species of steamer duck, being described only in 1981. This is because it is only found along a rather small and sparsely populated stretch of coast around the Golfo San Jorge in southern Chubut and northern Santa Cruz Provinces, and because steamer ducks in general look fairly similar in plumage.
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Chubut steamer duck
Ibera seedeater
Ibera seedeater
The Ibera seedeater is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae, formerly included within the family of American sparrows .
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Ibera seedeater
Cinnamon warbling finch
Cinnamon warbling finch
The cinnamon warbling finch is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is endemic to Argentina.
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Cinnamon warbling finch
White-throated cacholote
White-throated cacholote
The white-throated cacholote is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in Argentina .
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White-throated cacholote
Olrog's cinclodes
Olrog's cinclodes
Olrog's cinclodes is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to Argentina. The species is named after Swedish-Argentine biologist Claes C. Olrog.
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Olrog's cinclodes
Moreno's ground dove
Moreno's ground dove
Moreno's ground dove or bare-eyed ground dove is a species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is endemic to Argentina.
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Moreno's ground dove
Leptoptilos patagonicus
Leptoptilos patagonicus
Leptoptilos patagonicus is an extinct species of large-bodied Leptoptilini stork that existed during the Late Miocene. Fossils of the species were discovered in the San Madryn Formation in Chubut Province, Argentina. L. patagonicus is the first fossil record discovery of a member of Leptoptilos in South America and the only one found so far in the New World.
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Leptoptilos patagonicus
Crypturellus reai
Crypturellus reai
Crypturellus reai is a species of Miocene fossil bird in the tinamou family. It was described in 2012 from material originally excavated by American palaeontologist Barnum Brown in 1899 in Patagonia. The specific epithet honours Amadeo M. Rea, an educator, mentor and friend of the describer.
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Crypturellus reai
Sandy gallito
Sandy gallito
The sandy gallito is a species of bird in the family Rhinocryptidae, the tapaculos. It is endemic to Argentina.
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Sandy gallito
Carbonated sierra finch
Carbonated sierra finch
The carbonated sierra finch, also known as the carbon sierra finch, is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae.
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Carbonated sierra finch
Salinas monjita
Salinas monjita
The Salinas monjita is a species of bird in the tyrant flycatchers family Tyrannidae which is endemic to Argentina. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Salinas monjita
Steinbach's canastero
Steinbach's canastero
Steinbach's canastero or the chestnut canastero, is a species of bird in the canastero genus Asthenes in the ovenbird family Furnariidae. It is endemic to western Argentina. Its natural habitat is steep valleys in subtropical high-altitude shrubland from 650–3,000 m above sea-level.
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Steinbach's canastero
Buff-breasted earthcreeper
Buff-breasted earthcreeper
The buff-breasted earthcreeper is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found throughout the Puna grassland and mountains of northwestern Argentina.
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Buff-breasted earthcreeper
Rusty-backed monjita
Rusty-backed monjita
The rusty-backed monjita is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is endemic to Argentina.
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Rusty-backed monjita
Córdoba cinclodes
Córdoba cinclodes
The Córdoba cinclodes or Comechingones cinclodes is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to Argentina.
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Córdoba cinclodes
Asthenes modesta serrana
Asthenes modesta serrana
Asthenes modesta serrana is a small South American bird, a subspecies of the cordilleran canastero. It is found in the Sierra de Famatina, in La Rioja Province of northern Argentina, at an altitude of about 3200 m.
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Asthenes modesta serrana
Rhinella achalensis
Rhinella achalensis
Rhinella achalensis is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae that is endemic to northern Argentina .
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Rhinella achalensis
Gastrotheca chrysosticta
Gastrotheca chrysosticta
Gastrotheca chrysosticta is a species of frog in the family Hemiphractidae. It is found in Argentina and Bolivia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Gastrotheca chrysosticta
Atelognathus nitoi
Atelognathus nitoi
Atelognathus nitoi is a species of frog in the family Batrachylidae found in Chile and Argentina. Its natural habitats are subantarctic forests, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, subantarctic grassland, freshwater marshes, and intermittent freshwater marshes.
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Atelognathus nitoi
Atelognathus praebasalticus
Atelognathus praebasalticus
Atelognathus praebasalticus is a species of frog in the family Batrachylidae. It is endemic to Argentina. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, temperate grassland, freshwater marshes, and intermittent freshwater marshes. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Atelognathus praebasalticus
Oreobates discoidalis
Oreobates discoidalis
The Tucuman robber frog, Oreobates discoidalis, is a species of frog in the family Craugastoridae. It is found on the eastern flanks of the Andes in northern Argentina and Bolivia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Oreobates discoidalis
Batrachyla fitzroya
Batrachyla fitzroya
Batrachyla fitzroya is a species of frog in the family Batrachylidae. It is endemic to Argentina and only known from its type locality, Isla Grande in Lake Menéndez, in the Los Alerces National Park, Chubut Province. The specific name fitzroya refers to Fitzroya cupressoides, a prominent tree at the type locality.
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Batrachyla fitzroya
Boana cordobae
Boana cordobae
Boana cordobae is a species of frog in the family Hylidae that is endemic to Argentina.
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Boana cordobae
Gastrotheca christiani
Gastrotheca christiani
Gastrotheca christiani is a species of frog in the family Hemiphractidae. It is endemic to Argentina. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and rocky areas. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Gastrotheca christiani
Rhinella gallardoi
Rhinella gallardoi
Rhinella gallardoi is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae that is endemic to Argentina. Its natural habitat is temperate forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Rhinella gallardoi
Telmatobius schreiteri
Telmatobius schreiteri
Telmatobius schreiteri is a species of frog in the family Telmatobiidae. It is endemic to Argentina. Its natural habitat is rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Telmatobius schreiteri
Pleurodema cordobae
Pleurodema cordobae
Pleurodema cordobae is a species of frog in the family Leptodactylidae that resides in the Sierras de Córdoba of Argentina. This endemic species also resides with the highly similar species, Pleurodema kriegi. P. cordobae exhibits particular characteristics that differentiate it from other frogs in the Pleurodema genus, including the fact that the species is octoploid, as compared to the P. kriegi and Pleurodema bibroni, which are tetraploid. P. ...
cordobae inhabits temporary and semi-permanent ponds. As this species is only found in isolated locations such as the Sierra Grande, little is known about its very limited population
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Pleurodema cordobae
Rhinella gnustae
Rhinella gnustae
Rhinella gnustae is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae that is endemic to Argentina. Its natural habitat is rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Rhinella gnustae
Atelognathus reverberii
Atelognathus reverberii
Atelognathus reverberii is a species of frog in the family Batrachylidae. It is endemic to Argentina.
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Atelognathus reverberii
Telmatobius scrocchii
Telmatobius scrocchii
Telmatobius scrocchii is a species of frog in the family Telmatobiidae. It is endemic to Argentina. Its natural habitat is rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Telmatobius scrocchii
Telmatobius pisanoi
Telmatobius pisanoi
Telmatobius pisanoi is a species of frog in the family Telmatobiidae. It is endemic to Argentina. Its natural habitats are rivers and swampland. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Telmatobius pisanoi
Telmatobius pinguiculus
Telmatobius pinguiculus
Telmatobius pinguiculus is a species of frog in the family Telmatobiidae. It is endemic to the Catamarca Province of Argentina. Its natural habitats are rivers located in wetlands and grasslands. Major threats to the survival of the species include pollution, loss of habitats due to human actions, and invasive species.
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Telmatobius pinguiculus
Melanophryniscus cupreuscapularis
Melanophryniscus cupreuscapularis
Melanophryniscus cupreuscapularis is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Argentina. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist shrubland, subtropical or tropical seasonally wet or flooded lowland grassland, and intermittent freshwater marshes. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Melanophryniscus cupreuscapularis
Melanophryniscus krauczuki
Melanophryniscus krauczuki
Melanophryniscus krauczuki is a species of toads in the family Bufonidae.
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Melanophryniscus krauczuki
Ololygon aromothyella
Ololygon aromothyella
Ololygon aromothyella is a species of frog in the family Hylidae.
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Ololygon aromothyella
Bothrops ammodytoides
Bothrops ammodytoides
Common names: Patagonian lancehead, yarará ñata, Patagonian pit viper. Bothrops ammodytoides is a venomous pit viper species endemic to Argentina. No subspecies are currently recognized.
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Bothrops ammodytoides
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