Endemic Animals of Turkey








Neurergus strauchii
Neurergus strauchii
Neurergus strauchii, the Anatolia newt or Strauch's spotted newt, is one of five species of salamander in the genus Neurergus. It is more specifically a newt, in the family Salamandridae, and is found only in Turkey. Its natural habitats are streams or small rivers, and the nearby forests or shrublands. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Neurergus strauchii
Lyciasalamandra billae
Lyciasalamandra billae
Lyciasalamandra billae, the bay Lycian salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Salamandridae found only in Turkey. Its natural habitats are temperate forests and Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Lyciasalamandra billae
Lyciasalamandra flavimembris
Lyciasalamandra flavimembris
Lyciasalamandra flavimembris, the Marmaris Lycian salamander or Marmaris salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Salamandridae. It is endemic to Turkey and is found along the southwestern Anatolian coast between Marmaris and Ula. It was first described as subspecies of Mertensiella luschani, now Lyciasalamandra luschani.
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Lyciasalamandra flavimembris
Lyciasalamandra antalyana
Lyciasalamandra antalyana
Lyciasalamandra antalyana, the Anatolia Lycian salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Salamandridae found only in Turkey. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, and rocky areas. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Lyciasalamandra antalyana
Lyciasalamandra fazilae
Lyciasalamandra fazilae
Lyciasalamandra fazilae, or Fazila's salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Salamandridae found only in Turkey. Its natural habitats are temperate forests and Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Lyciasalamandra fazilae
Lyciasalamandra atifi
Lyciasalamandra atifi
Lyciasalamandra atifi, or Atif's salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Salamandridae found only in Turkey. Its natural habitats are temperate forests and rocky areas. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Lyciasalamandra atifi
Montivipera albizona
Montivipera albizona
Montivipera albizona, the central Turkish mountain viper, is a venomous viper species endemic to the mountainous regions of central Turkey. No subspecies are currently recognized.
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Montivipera albizona
Wagner's viper
Wagner's viper
Common names: ocellate mountain viper, ocellated mountain viper, Wagner's viper. Wagner's viper is a species of venomous snake in the subfamily Viperinae of the family Viperidae. The species is native to eastern Turkey and northwestern Iran. There are no subspecies that are recognized as being valid.
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Wagner's viper
Mount Bulgar viper
Mount Bulgar viper
Common names: Bulgardagh viper. The Mount Bulgar viper is a venomous viper species endemic to the mountains of southern Turkey. No subspecies are currently recognized.
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Mount Bulgar viper
Lacerta pamphylica
Lacerta pamphylica
Lacerta pamphylica is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. It is endemic to Turkey.
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Lacerta pamphylica
Acanthodactylus harranensis
Acanthodactylus harranensis
Acanthodactylus harranensis, commonly called the Harran fringe-toed lizard, is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. The species is endemic to South-East Anatolia.
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Acanthodactylus harranensis
Darevskia bendimahiensis
Darevskia bendimahiensis
Darevskia bendimahiensis is a lizard species in the genus Darevskia. It is endemic to Turkey.
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Darevskia bendimahiensis
Danford's lizard
Danford's lizard
Danford's lizard is a species of lizard found in Turkey and Greece.
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Danford's lizard
Darevskia sapphirina
Darevskia sapphirina
Darevskia sapphirina is a lizard species in the genus Darevskia. It is endemic to Turkey.
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Darevskia sapphirina
Darevskia uzzelli
Darevskia uzzelli
Darevskia uzzelli is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. The species is endemic to Turkey.
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Darevskia uzzelli
Darevskia bithynica
Darevskia bithynica
Darevskia bithynica is a lizard species in the genus Darevskia. It is endemic to Turkey.
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Darevskia bithynica
Asaccus barani
Asaccus barani
Asaccus barani is a species of lizard in the family Phyllodactylidae. It is endemic to Turkey.
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Asaccus barani
Vulpes vulpes kurdistanica
Vulpes vulpes kurdistanica
The Trans-Caucasian fox is a subspecies of the red fox, found in northeast part of Turkey. The Turkish government recognizes the subspecies as Vulpes vulpes for nationalistic reasons.
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Vulpes vulpes kurdistanica
Asia Minor spiny mouse
Asia Minor spiny mouse
The Asia Minor spiny mouse is a species of rodent in the family Muridae.
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Asia Minor spiny mouse
Taurus ground squirrel
Taurus ground squirrel
The Taurus ground squirrel is a species of rodent in the family Sciuridae. It is endemic to the Taurus Mountains of Turkey. It was first identified as a distinct species to the Asia Minor ground squirrel in 2007.
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Taurus ground squirrel
Woolly dormouse
Woolly dormouse
The woolly dormouse is a species of rodent in the family Gliridae endemic to Turkey.
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Woolly dormouse
Jackass shrew
Jackass shrew
The jackass shrew is a species of mammal belonging to the Soricidae family. It is endemic to Turkey. Its natural habitat is in rocky areas.
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Jackass shrew
Anatolian vole
Anatolian vole
The Anatolian vole is a species of vole found in Turkey, specifically Konya Province. The population is unknown but it lives in small colonies. The species exists in an area that is a remnant zone of Tethys Ocean, and this area is being increasingly exploited for sugar beet cultivation. Other related threats include irrigation and rodenticides from the sugar beet cultivation. The eastern range may be protected by Lake Tuz Special Protected Area ...
but this area is not well protected and has been deteriorated.
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Anatolian vole
Doğramaci's vole
Doğramaci's vole
Doğramaci's vole is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is found only in central Turkey, and is similar to the social vole, although different in terms of cranial proportions and karyotype.
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Doğramaci's vole