Green basilisk, Double crested basilisk, Jesus Christ lizard, Plumed basilisk, Green basilisk, Double crested basilisk, Jesus christ lizard
The plumed basilisk (Basiliscus plumifrons ), also called the green basilisk, double crested basilisk, or Jesus Christ lizard, is a species of lizard in the family Corytophanidae. The species is native to Central America.Show More
The plumed basilisk's native range spans southern Mexico and northern Colombia. B. plumifrons inhabits hot, humid rainforests that contain streams, rivers or other water bodies.
The physical appearance of the plumed basilisk is striking: it sports a bright green color along its body with black and white streaks along its neck and back. Their physical appearance differs by sex, as they are sexually dimorphic; males have a distinct crest on the back and tail and large plumes on top of their heads, while females typically only have a singular, much smaller, crest on their head.
The green crested or plumed lizard is unique in its ability to run across water with speed and the method it employs to do this. It displays the behaviour as a threat response, when fleeing predators. High speed is maintained in order to prevent sinking.
This lizard is extraordinarily territorial and is known for its aggressive behaviour to the extent that multiple male lizards cannot be maintained within the same enclosure. However, they do exist in the wild in large groups that allow for multiple males.Show Less
Diurnal animals are active during the daytime, with a period of sleeping or other inactivity at night. The timing of activity by an animal depends ...
An omnivore is an animal that has the ability to eat and survive on both plant and animal matter. Obtaining energy and nutrients from plant and ani...
Terrestrial animals are animals that live predominantly or entirely on land (e.g., cats, ants, snails), as compared with aquatic animals, which liv...
Arboreal locomotion is the locomotion of animals in trees. In habitats in which trees are present, animals have evolved to move in them. Some anima...
Semiaquatic animals are those that are primarily or partly terrestrial but that spend a large amount of time swimming or otherwise occupied in wate...
Precocial species are those in which the young are relatively mature and mobile from the moment of birth or hatching. Precocial species are normall...
Oviparous animals are female animals that lay their eggs, with little or no other embryonic development within the mother. This is the reproductive...
A territory is a sociographical area that which an animal consistently defends against the conspecific competition (or, occasionally, against anima...
NoNot a migrant
Animals that do not make seasonal movements and stay in their native home ranges all year round are called not migrants or residents.
The Plumed basilisk is a species of lizard native to Central America. Adults are brilliant green in color, with bright yellow eyes, and small bluish spots along the dorsal ridge. Males have three crests: one on the head, one on the back, and one on the tail, while females only have the head crest. Juveniles are less conspicuously colored and lack the characteristic crests.
Plumed basilisks range from eastern Honduras, through Nicaragua and Costa Rica, to western Panama. They live in tropical rainforests usually near bodies of water.
Plumed basilisks are semi-arboreal and semi-aquatic creatures. They are active during the day spending much of the time basking or foraging for food. Males are very territorial; a single male may keep land containing a large group of females with whom he mates. Plumed basilisks are able to run short distances across the water using both their feet and tail for support. In Costa Rica, this has even earned these lizards the nickname "Jesus Christ lizards." They are also excellent swimmers and can stay under the water for up to an hour.
Plumed basilisks are omnivores and eat insects, spiders, small mammals (such as rodents), small birds, small nonvenomous snakes, smaller species of lizards, amphibians, small fish, crustaceans (such as freshwater shrimp and crayfish), fruits, seeds, flowers, and leaves.
Females of Plumed basilisks lay 5 to 15 eggs at a time in warm, damp sand or soil. The eggs hatch after 8-10 weeks, at which point the young emerge as fully independent lizards. They will become reproductively mature and start to breed at the age of 18-24 months.
The Plumed basilisk is threatened by habitat loss which is caused mainly by urbanization and expansion of agriculture.
According to IUCN, the Plumed basilisk is common throughout its range but no overall population estimate is available. Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are stable.