Tenrecs are endemic to Madagascar. These unusual insectivores form a rather diverse. Tenrecinae resemble a cross between a shrew and a hedgehog: their snouts are long and pointed, while the coat exhibits spines. The Lowland streaked tenrecs are distinguished by two main features: the first is a rather long, black colored nose, which is longer than that of other small sized insectivores, including hedgehogs, mice and shrews; the other feature is black colored coat, displaying yellow stripes and bright yellow spine crests, located over the top of their head and acting as a mean of self-defense against predators.
The Lowland streaked tenrec is the only sociable tenrec species, gathering into groups. Groups of these tenrecs are family units, consisting of up to 20 animals. These diurnal animals can forage both solitarily and in small groups. During the winter months (May-October) they conserve heat by reducing their body temperature to that of the air, meanwhile remaining active. However, when it gets too cold, they usually undergo periods of hibernation. Nesting sites of lowland tenrecs are located near water, in fixed burrows. Their latrine sites are hidden in leaves and are typically situated near the entrance of the nest. Members of a group dig burrows, which are connected between each other, forming a complex burrow system, belonging to one group. Group members communicate through stridulating special quills. When threatened, tenrecs raise the quills, surrounding their neck. If threatened, they usually try to prickle the opponent with their quills, accompanying it with violent bucking of their head.
Little is known about the reproductive system of this species. It's known that, during the mating season, males compete with each other, engaging in fights in order to attract the attention of receptive females. Lowland tenrecs mate in September-December. Gestation period lasts for 55 - 63 days, yielding 2 - 11 young with an average of 5 - 8 per litter. Male Lowland tenrecs are careful to young. Weaning occurs at 18 - 25 days old. Females of this species reach sexual maturity as early as 25 days old, being the only tenrecs that begin breeding during the same season in which they were born.
Along with many other animals in Madagascar, these tenrecs are primarily threatened by loss of their natural habitat as a result of continuous deforestation. In addition, this species is hunted for food.
According to IUCN, the Lowland streaked tenrec is very abundant and widespread throughout its range but no overall population estimate is available. Current population trend of this species is unknown, they classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List.
Feeding upon worms, Lowland streaked tenrecs control populations of these invertebrates, thus playing an important role in the ecosystem of their habitat.