Mangrove snakes are mildly venomous reptiles native to southeast Asia. They are black above, with yellow transverse bands, continuous or not extending across the back; labials are yellow, with black edges. The lower surface is black or bluish, uniform or speckled with yellow and the throat is yellow in color.
Mangrove snakes are found in Cambodia, Indonesia (Bangka, Belitung, Borneo, Java, Riau Archipelago, Sulawesi, Sumatra), Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. These snakes live in mangrove forests and lowland rainforests usually near water.
Mangrove snakes are potentially aggressive and nervous creatures. They are solitary and nocturnal. During the day they bask in the sun or rest on tree branches. At night they descend to the forest floor to hunt.
Female Mangrove snakes lay up to 15 eggs in tree hollows. The incubation period usually lasts 3 to 4 months. Baby snakes measure 20-35 cm and are fully developed at birth.
There are no known threats facing Mangrove snakes at present.
Like all snakes, Mangrove snakes play a very important ecological role in their environment. They help control populations of small mammals, birds and reptiles they prey on.