Diadem leaf-nosed bat

Diadem leaf-nosed bat

Diadem leaf-nosed bat, Diadem roundleaf bat

2 languages
Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Genus
SPECIES
Hipposideros diadema
Life Span
4-7 years
Weight
34-50 g
Length
6-10 cm
Wingspan
15-22 cm

The diadem leaf-nosed bat or diadem roundleaf bat (Hipposideros diadema ) is one of the most widespread species of bat in the family Hipposideridae. It is probably most closely related to Hipposideros demissus from Makira and to Hipposideros inornatus from the Northern Territory in Australia. Hipposideros diadema is found in Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam.

No

Nocturnal

Ca

Carnivore

In

Insectivores

Te

Terrestrial

Te

Territorial

Co

Colonial

So

Social

No

Not a migrant

D

starts with

Distribution

Geography

With a heavy body and long, narrow wings, the Hipposideros diadema is adept at fast flight but has relatively poor maneuvering ability. It has adapted to foraging in gaps in forests, such as around tree falls or above rivers. This bat species is not restricted to rain-forest and in outback Australia it forages with eucalypt woodland and open forest, deciduous vine thicket and within towns. Individuals are known to forage up to two and a half kilometers from the roost during the course of the night. During the day it roost in small groups in caves, old mines, sheds, hollow trees and tree branches.

Diadem leaf-nosed bat habitat map

Climate zones

Diadem leaf-nosed bat habitat map
Diadem leaf-nosed bat
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Habits and Lifestyle

These bats are nocturnal and gregarious. They congregate and live in groups that can be as large as two to three thousands individuals. Not on an individual level, but as a colony, there seems to be some territoriality exhibited. It is extremely rare case for these bats to attack humans. But when harassed or cornered, these bats can have a painful bite. They carry a myriad of parasites, most of which have no effect on humans however.

Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

The Hipposideros diadema are usually insectivorous. The diet varies depending on specific location, but they tend to prefer insects such as coleopterans (beetles), lepidoterans (butterflies and moths), and those within the orthopteroid (grasshoppers) orders. However, they will prey on small birds and spiders rarely. Thus, the Hipposideros diadema is sometime classified as an occasional carnivore.These bats are extremely adept predators. By using echolocation, intensified through their highly modified nose and nostrils, they achieve very high rate of success. A constant frequency call is emitted around 50 to 58 kHz, and maintained for 20 to 30 seconds at a time. They are not continuous flight hunters, instead they prefer to take short flights from their perches and intercept the prey in midair. This perch hunting strategy is a low-energy method of acquiring their food. When hunting, they usually fly over a stream or creek that is covered in canopy. They very rarely venture out over open water. Lepidopterans (eared moths) make up a significant portion of their diet and these insects have an auditory range from 20 to 50 kHz. Research has shown that these insects can sense the echolocation pulses and have learned to evade or hide from the attacking bats. Aside from beetles and moths, other insects consumed include weevils and katydids to which the soft parts of such insects are consumed and the inedible parts, such as wings, carapace, and legs are discarded below their perch.

Mating Habits

One breeding season exists, and birthing and lactation coincide with the maximum quantity of insects in the spring. One young is born per litter. Male competition involves some physical skirmishes, but mainly the secretion and detection of a waxy material from behind the nose. Females congregate in large groups during March and April, during which each one gives birth to a single offspring. The mother remains intimate with the young until weaning when the juvenile usually becomes independent.

Population

References

1. Diadem leaf-nosed bat Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diadem_leaf-nosed_bat
2. Diadem leaf-nosed bat on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/10128/3169874

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