Okinawa rail

Okinawa rail

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SPECIES
Hypotaenidia okinawae

The Okinawa rail is a species of bird in the rail family, Rallidae. It is endemic to Okinawa Island in Japan where it is known as the Yanbaru kuina . Its existence was only confirmed in 1978 and it was formally described in 1981 although unidentified rails had been recorded on the island since at least 1973 and local stories of a bird known as the agachi kumira may refer to this species. It is a medium-sized and almost flightless rail with short wings and tail, olive-brown upperparts, black underparts with white bars and a red bill and legs. It occurs in subtropical moist forests and in neighboring habitats. It nests and feeds on the ground but usually roosts in trees. It is classified as an endangered species and is threatened by habitat loss and introduced predators.

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Distribution

Geography

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Okinawa rail habitat map

Habits and Lifestyle

Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

Mating Habits

MATING BEHAVIOR

References

1. Okinawa rail Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Okinawa_rail
2. Okinawa rail on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22692412/93352408

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