Sumatran Short-Tailed Python

Sumatran Short-Tailed Python

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Suborder
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Python curtus
Population size
Unknown
Life Span
20-25 yrs
LENGTH
1.5-1.8 m

The Sumatran short-tailed python is a heavily built nonvenomous snake native to Sumatra. Its tail is extremely short relative to the overall length. The color pattern consists of a beige, tan, or grayish-brown ground color overlaid with blotches that are brick- to blood-red in color.

Distribution

Sumatran short-tailed pythons can be found in Sumatra, Riau Archipelago, Lingga Islands, Bangka Islands, Mentawai Islands and Kalimantan. They inhabit rainforests, plantations, marshes, swamps, and the vicinity of river banks and streams.

Sumatran Short-Tailed Python habitat map

Geography

Continents
Subcontinents
Countries

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Sumatran short-tailed pythons are shy nocturnal creatures. They lead a solitary life and interact with each other only during the mating season.

Diet and Nutrition

Sumatran short-tailed pythons are carnivores. They prey on various mammals and birds.

Mating Habits

INCUBATION PERIOD
2.5-3 months
FEMALE NAME
female
MALE NAME
male
BABY NAME
snakelet
BABY CARRYING
12 eggs

Sumatran short-tailed pythons are oviparous or egg-laying snakes. Females usually lay up to 12 large eggs (however, much larger clutches have been reported). They remain coiled around the eggs during the incubation period, and if surrounding temperatures drop below 90 °F (32 °C) they may shiver to produce heat to warm their clutch. The hatchlings emerge after 2.5 to 3 months and are about 30 cm (12 in) in length.

Population

Population threats

The main threats to Sumatran short-tailed pythons include collection for the pet trade and habitat loss due to the expansion of agriculture. These snakes have also been extensively harvested for leather; an estimated 100,000 individuals are taken for this purpose each year.

Population number

The IUCN Red List and other sources don’t provide the number of the Sumatran short-tailed python total population size. Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List.

References

1. Sumatran Short-Tailed Python on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Python_curtus
2. Sumatran Short-Tailed Python on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/192244/2060581

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