Asian Forest Tortoise

Asian Forest Tortoise

Asian brown tortoise

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Suborder
Superfamily
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Manouria emys
Population size
Unknown
Life Span
150 yrs
WEIGHT
25 kg
LENGTH
50-60 cm

The Asian forest tortoise is the largest tortoise in mainland Asia. Its carapace is considerably depressed, its depth not half its length. The plastron is a large, gular region somewhat produced and usually notched, the hind lobe deeply notched. The forelimbs anteriorly have very large, bony, pointed, imbricate tubercles, forming four or five longitudinal series. The hind limbs have very large bony tubercles on the plantar surface, with others larger, conical, and spur-like on the heel, and a group of still larger conical tubercles on each side on the back of the thighs. Adults are dark brown or blackish. The carapace of juveniles is yellowish-brown, with dark-brown markings.

Cr

Crepuscular

He

Herbivore

Fo

Folivore

Fr

Frugivore

Te

Terrestrial

Br

Browsing

Zo

Zoochory

So

Solitary

No

Not a migrant

A

starts with

Distribution

Geography

Asian forest tortoises occur in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Thailand. They live in evergreen forests and prefer moist habitats and cool temperatures.

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Asian forest tortoises are slow solitary land-dwelling creatures. They are active at twilight and during the day of the temperature is not too high. During the day they like to cool off burrowing in damp soil or soaking in shallow pools or streams. Asian forest tortoises are quite shy in their nature but in order to communicate with each other, they use head bobbing and vocalizations.

Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

Asian forest tortoises are herbivores. They feed mainly on juicy vegetation including leaves, bamboo shoots, tubers. They also eat fruits and some invertebrates and frogs.

Mating Habits

PREGNANCY DURATION
63 to 84 days
INCUBATION PERIOD
63-84 days
BABY CARRYING
23 to 51
FEMALE NAME
female
MALE NAME
male
BABY NAME
hatchling
BABY CARRYING
50 eggs

The Asian forest tortoise is the only tortoise that lays its eggs above ground in a nest, which the female constructs of leaf litter. The female uses both front and rear legs to gather material for the nest and lays up to 50 eggs deep inside it. She then sits on and near the nest to protect it, and will "chase" predators and intruders away. The incubation period lasts between 63 and 84 days.

Population

Population threats

The main threat to this species comes from humans who heavily collect these tortoises for food, traditional medicine, and the illegal pet trade. Another serious threat is habitat loss caused by logging, expansion of agriculture, the building of hydroelectric dams, forest fires, and droughts.

Population number

The IUCN Red List and other sources don’t provide the number of the Asian forest tortoise total population size. Currently, this species is classified as Critically Endangered (CR) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are decreasing.

References

1. Asian Forest Tortoise on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asian_forest_tortoise
2. Asian Forest Tortoise on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/12774/152052098

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